Discovering the Twentieth-Century World, 1st Edition

  • Merry E. Wiesner-Hanks University of Wisconsin at Milwaukee, USA
  • Julius R. Ruff Marquette University
  • William Bruce Wheeler University of Tennessee
  • Franklin M. Doeringer Lawrence University
  • Kenneth R. Curtis California State University, Long Beach
  • ISBN-10: 0618379312  |  ISBN-13: 9780618379316
  • 448 Pages
  • © 2005 | Published
  • List Price = $ 139.95
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This primary source reader for the 20th-Century World course includes the latest scholarship in 20th-century history. Covering topics ranging from women's suffrage to the Suez Crisis, this text presents a balanced cultural approach within a chronicle of historical events and evidence, thereby promoting critical thinking, sharpening analytical skills, and building student interest. The text's unique, multi-part pedagogical framework guides students through the process of historical inquiry and exploration. Each chapter is organized by "The Problem," "Background," "The Method," "The Evidence," "Questions to Consider," and the "Epilogue." Diverse primary source materials include documents, maps, art, city plans, and statistical data that allow students to analyze events as a historian would. At the end of each chapter, the central theme, or "problem," is tied to contemporary issues.

Table of Contents

Note: Each chapter includes "The Problem," "Background," "The Method," "The Evidence," "Questions to Consider," and "Epilogue."
1. Modernity: From Promise to Threat (1790-1930)
The Evidence:
From Jean Antoine Nicholas de Condorcet, The Progress of the Human Mind
"The First Half of the Nineteenth Century Progress of the Nation, and the Race"
Walt Whitman, "Years of the Modern"
From Frederich Engels, Socialism: Utopian and Scientific
From Mohandis K. Gandhi, Hind Swaraj
Olive Schreiner, Woman and Labour (1911)
A Declaration of Beliefs by the New Youth
Still Shots from Fritz Lang''s Film Metropolis
José Ortega y Gasset, The Revolt of the Masses
2. To the Age Its Art (1870-1920)
The Evidence:
Jean-Auguste Dominique Ingres, The Apotheosis of Homer, 1827
Eugène Delacroix, Greece Expiring on the Ruins of Missolonghi, 1827
Georges Seurat, A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte, 1884-1886
Vincent van Gogh, La Berceuse, 1889
Paul Gauguin, Manao Tupapau--The Spirit of the Dead Watches, 1892
Henri Rousseau, The Dream, 1910
Edvard Munch, The Scream, 1893
Gustav Klimt, The Kiss, 1907-1908
Pablo Picasso, Les Demoiselles d''Avignon, 1907
George Grosz, Germany, A Winter''s Tale, 1918
Marcel Duchamp, Nude Descending a Staircase, Number 1, 1911
3. Total War: The Cost of Unlimited Conflict (1914-1945)
The Evidence:
Carl von Clausewitz, On War, 1832
Lloyd George on the Battle of the Somme, July 1, 1916
French and British World War I Posters
Field Marshal Sir Douglas Haig, "Features of the War," Fourth Supplement to The London Gazette, Tuesday, April 8, 1919
Paul Valéry, "The Crisis of the Spirit," 1919
Erich Maria Remarque, All Quiet on the Western Front, 1929
President Franklin D. Roosevelt, Annual Message to Congress, January 6, 1942
Rosie the Riveter, American Propaganda Icon
Reichsmarschal Hermann Goering, German Radio Broadcast, October 4, 1942
President Roosevelt''s Radio Address on Casablanca Conference, February 12, 1943
United States Strategic Bomb Survey (Pacific War), 1946
Iwao Nakamura, Recollections on August 6, 1945
4. Beyond Suffrage: Four "New Women" of the 1920s
The Evidence:
Autobiography of Alexandra Kollontai, 1926
Selections from Marie Stopes, Married Love, 1918
Selections from Virginia Woolf, A Room of One''s Own
Selections from Vicki Baum, It Was All Quite Different
Vicki Baum in Vienna in the 1900s. Vicki Baum in Berlin in the 1920s
5. Lands of Desire: Department Stores, Advertising and the New Consumerism (1920s)
The Evidence:
Strawbridge & Clothier, Philadelphia, 1922
Bonwit Teller & Co., Philadelphia, 1923
Mappin Stores, Brazil
Mappin Stores, Brazil
Bon Marché, Paris, 1923
Galeries Lafayette, Paris, 1924
Hudson''s Bay Company, Canada, 1926
Hudson''s Bay Company, Canada, 1926
Myer''s, Australia, 1929
Myer''s, Australia, 1922
Garlick''s, South Africa, 1926
Garlick''s, South Africa, 1926
6. The Industrial Crisis and the Centralization of Government (1924-1939)
The Evidence:
Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald, February 12, 1931
President Franklin Roosevelt, April 14, 1938
Chancellor Adolf Hitler, September 10, 1936
Hashimoto Kingoro, Address to Young Men, 1930s
Index of Industrial Production, 1929-1938 (1929 = 100)
Unemployment (Numbers Out of Work and Percentage of Civilian Labor Force), 1930-1938
Central Government Revenues and Expenditures in National Currencies, 1924-1940 (in millions)
Tariffs, Import Duties, Taxes Imposed
Defense Expenditures of Great Britain, the United States, Germany, and Japan, 1930-1938 (in millions of current dollars)
Sizes of Armies, Great Britain, the United States, Germany
Armed Services Spending as a Percentage of Total Government Expenditures, Japan, 1931-1938
7. Selling a Totalitarian System
The Evidence:

Hitler on the Nature and Purpose of Propaganda
Hitler on Terror in Politics
Joseph Goebbels, Directives for the Presidential Campaign of 1932
S.A. Order 111 of Adolf Hiitler, 1926
Banners of the Regensburg S.A.: "Everything for the Fatherland, 1923"; S.A. Propaganda Rally in Spandau, 1932
Report of a Nazi Meeting Held in a Heavily Communist Quarter of Berlin, February 1927
Poster: "The String-Puller"
White-Collar and Manual Laborers: Vote for the Völkischen Block," 1924
Poster: "Women! Millions of Men Are Without Work. Millions of Children Are Without a Future. Save the German Family! Vote for Adolf Hitler!," 1932
Poster: "National Socialism: The Organized Will of the People," 1932
A National Socialist Rally in the Berlin Sports Palace, September 1930
"The Horst Wessel Song," ca 1930
Otto Dietrich, Description of Hitler''s Campaign by Airplane, 1932
Nazi pamphlet, ca 1932
Political Violence in Northeim, Germany, 1930-1932
Joseph Goebbels, My Part in Germany''s Fight, 1934
Report on the Problem of Stemming the Spread of Nazi Ideas in the Protestant Youth Movement, 1931
William L. Shirer, Reactions to the Nazi Party Rally at Nuremberg, 1934
8. Crucible of Conflict: The Suez Crisis (1956)
The Evidence:
Sir Anthony Eden, British Foreign Secretary, Discusses British Obligations, June 18, 1952
From Gamal Abdel Nasser, The Philosophy of the Revolution, 1959
Statement on Foreign Affairs by Moshe Sharett, Israel Premier and Foreign Minister, October 18, 1955
Gamal Abdel Nasser Announces the Nationalization of the Suez Canal, July 26, 1956
Gamal Abdel Nasser, Egypt, August 1, 1956
English Cartoon, "The Colossus of Suez," 1956
The British Cabinet Reacts to the Nationalization of the Suez Canal, July 27, 1956
U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower Cautions Sir Anthony Eden on the Use of Force, September 3, 1956
Sir Anthony den, British Prime Minister, Replies to President Dwight D. Eisenhower, September 6, 1956
From the Memoirs of Moshe Dayan, Israeli Minister of Defense, 1976
Transcript from Suez: Ten Years After, Britain, 1966
Sèvres Protocol, October 22-24, 1956
Draft Resolution from the United States to the U.N. Security Council, October 30, 1956
Statement by Jawaharlal Nehru, Indian Prime Minister, November 1, 1956
Soviet Response to the Aggression Against Egypt, October 31, 1956
Discussion by the British Cabinet, November 28, 1956
Exchange Between the U.S. Secretary of State John Foster Dulles and U.S. Senator Richard Russell, January 2, 1957
Letter from British Prime Minister Eden to Senior Cabinet Ministers, December 28, 1956
President Gamal Abdel Nasser of Egypt Discusses Suez, 1966
Harold Macmillan, British Prime Minister, Addresses the South African Parliament, February 3, 1960
British Cartoon, 1962
9. Berlin: The Crux of the Cold War (1945-1990)
The Evidence:
Protocol of the Proceedings of the British Conference
Map of Europe after World War II
The Novikov Telegram, Washington, September 27, 1946
Central Intelligence Agency, Office of Reports and Estimates Report 60-48
Central Intelligence Agency Weekly Summary, July 2, 1948
Central Intelligence Agency Weekly Summary, May 6, 1949
Food Situation in U.S. Zone
The Berlin Blockade
The North Atlantic Treaty, April 4, 1949
Soviet Aide-Mémoire of June 4, 1961
Radio and Television Address to the Soviet Union by Nikita S. Khrushchev, July 15, 1961
Radio and Television Report to the American People on the Berlin Crisis, July 25, 1961
10. Feminism and the Peace Movement (1910-1990)
The Evidence:
From Olive Schreiner, Woman and Labor, 1911
Maude Royden on Women and War, 1915
Jane Addams on Women and War, Carnegie Hall, New York, 1915
Crystal Eastman on the Women''s Peace Movement, 1919
Huda Sha''rawi, Speech to the Congress of the International Alliance of Women, Istanbul, Turkey, 1935
Käthe Kollwitz, The Sacrifice, 1922
Miyako Shinohara, "In the Name of Peace," 1986
An Oral Interview with Madeline Duckles, 1991
Unity Statement, Women''s Pentagon Action, 1980
Coretta Scott King on Women and the Nuclear Arms Race, 1984
Nottingham Women Oppose the Nuclear Threat (WONT) on Working as a Group, 1981
Tamar Swade on Nuclear Weapons, 1983
Poster for Families Against the Bomb Rally, 1982
Poster for a Multigroup Demonstration in Amsterdam Against the Installation of Cruise Missiles, 1981
Ann Snitow on Women Against Military Buildups, 1985
Leonie Caldecott, "The Shibokusa Women of Kita Fuji," 1983
11. The Perils of Prosperity: The Unrest of Youth in the 1960s
The Evidence:
The March 22 Movement, "Your Struggle Is Our Struggle, May 21, 1968
"Producers, Let Us Save Ourselves," May 22, 1968
Sorbonne Occupation Committee, Slogans to Be Circulated by Any Means, May 16, 1968
Poster, May 1968
Poster: "Let Us Smash the Old Gears!," May 1968
Poster: "Light Salaries, Heavy Tanks," May 1968
Poster: "Beauty Is in the Street!," May 1968
Poster: "Less Than 21 Years of Age: Here Is Your Ballot!," May 1968
Cartoon, June 10, 1968
Cartoon: "Each One of Us Is in the State," May 1968
Cartoon: "Popular Power," May 1968
Cartoon: June 17, 1968
"Ten Commandments for a Young Czechoslovak Intellectual," March 1968
Ian Sviták, "Wherfrom, with Whom, and Whither?," March 5, 1968
Cartoon: "If There Are No Complications the Child Should Be Born in the Ninth Month," 1968
Cartoon, 1968
Cartoon: "Workers of All Countries Unite--Or I''ll Shoot!," August 28, 1968
Cartoon: "Liberté, Egalité, Freundschaft!" ("Liberty, Equality, Friendship!"), 1968
Cartoon: "But Ther Is No Fire!," 1969
Cartoon: "It Is Only a Matter of a Few Tactical Steps Back," January 30, 1969
12. The New Europeans: Labor, Migration and the Problems of Assimilation
The Evidence:
Statistics from Host Nations and Selected Emigrating Nations
Foreign Immigrants in Selected European Host Countries, Early 1960s, Early 1970s, 1981
Foreign Immigrants in France, by Country of Origin, 1961-1981
Foreign Immigrants in Germany, by Country of Origin, 1961-1981
Foreign-Born Residents in Great Britain, by Regions of Origin, 1951-1981
Interview with Jean Raspail
Public Opinion Poll of French Attitudes Toward Particular Nationality Groups, 1974
Cartoon from Le Monde, October 17, 1985
Article on French Film Star Isabelle Adjani, 1991
The Scarman Report, 1981
Devon Thomas, "Black Initiatives in Brixton.
"The Heidelberg Manifesto, 1982. Cover: "
The Onslaught of the Poor," 1991
"Soldiers to the Borders," 1991
Report of Antiforeign Violence in Germany
Cover: "The German Shame: The Hunt for Foreigners," 1991
Editorial: "On Niggers and People," 1991
13. McDomination: The Americanization of Global Popular Cultures (1950s to the Present)
The Evidence:
McDonald''s Tray Liner, Norway
McDonald''s in China, 1998
Queen Elizabeth Visits McDonald''s, 1998
A McDonald''s Prmotion in Hong Kong, 1998
Bermuda Resists McDonald''s, 1999
The French Protest McDonald''s, 1999
Editorial Cartoon About McDonald''s in China, 2000
McDonald''s Adapts to Local Culture, 1996
McDonald''s in the People''s Republic of China, 2000

Meet the Author

Author Bio

Merry E. Wiesner-Hanks

Merry Wiesner-Hanks (Chair, Department of History, University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee) received her Ph.D. from the University of Wisconsin, Madison in 1979. She has published WORKING WOMEN IN RENAISSANCE GERMANY (Rutgers, 1986) as well as numerous articles on women and the Reformation and urban social history. She is co-author of DISCOVERING THE GLOBAL PAST (2012), DISCOVERING THE WESTERN PAST (2008), DISCOVERING THE MEDIEVAL PAST (2003), DISCOVERING THE ANCIENT PAST (2005), DISCOVERING THE TWENTIETH-CENTURY WORLD (2005), and BECOMING VISIBLE: WOMEN IN EUROPEAN HISTORY (1998). She is also the General Editor of the PROBLEMS IN EUROPEAN CIVILIZATION series.

Julius R. Ruff

Julius Ruff (Marquette University) received his Ph.D. from the University of North Carolina 1979. He is the author of Crime, Justice and Public Order in Old Regime France (Croom Helm, 1984) in addition to many articles and book reviews.

William Bruce Wheeler

William Bruce Wheeler received his Ph.D. from the University of Virginia in 1967. He is co-author of DISCOVERING THE GLOBAL PAST (2012), DISCOVERING THE AMERICAN PAST (2012), and DISCOVERING THE WESTERN PAST (2008). He has also written books on Tennessee history and the Tellico Dam.

Franklin M. Doeringer

Frank Doeringer received his Ph.D. from Columbia University in 1971. He is a professor of history and East Asian studies at Lawrence University. He is a member of the Association for Asian Studies, the International Society for Chinese Philosophy, and the American Historical Association. His most recent award is a 1999 Lawrence Excellence in Teaching Award. In addition to his work on DISCOVERING THE GLOBAL PAST, he has had numerous articles published in various publications, most recently, The Journal of Chinese Philosophy. He has co-authored a school-level text, THE PEOPLES OF EAST ASIA (Wm Sadlier & Co., 1972) and a scholarly text on the Han Dynasty published by the University of Michigan Press.

Kenneth R. Curtis

Kenneth R. Curtis received his Ph.D. from the University of Wisconsin-Madison in African and Comparative World History. His research focuses on colonial to postcolonial transitions in East Africa, with a particular focus on the coffee economy of Tanzania. He is Professor of History at California State University Long Beach, where he has taught world history at the introductory level, in special courses designed for future middle and high school teachers, and in graduate seminars. He has worked to advance the teaching of world history at the collegiate and secondary levels in collaboration with the World History Association, the California History/Social Science Project, and the College Board‘s Advanced Placement World History course.