Behavior Modification: Principles and Procedures, 6th Edition

  • Raymond G. Miltenberger University of South Florida, Tampa Bay
  • ISBN-10: 1305109392  |  ISBN-13: 9781305109391
  • 688 Pages
  • Previous Editions: 2012, 2008, 2004
  • © 2016 | Published
  • List Price = $ 275.95
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BEHAVIOR MODIFICATION: PRINCIPLES AND PROCEDURES, Sixth Edition, uses a precise, step-by-step, scientific approach to explain human behavior. Case studies and examples illustrate key principles.

Features and Benefits

  • This edition has been updated throughout with recent references.
  • Quizzes are placed at the end of the book on color-tabbed and perforated pages so that they can easily be removed, completed, and submitted.
  • The chapters on behavioral principles (Chapters 4–8) and procedures (Chapters 9–25) include a "For Further Reading" feature. Each of these features identifies and briefly describes one or more interesting articles relevant to the chapter content, and provides citations. Instructors can assign these articles for extra credit or when more advanced students are using the textbook.
  • The text's unique organization is based on the principle that students better understand the procedures of behavior modification after first learning the fundamental principles. Chapters 4–8 review the principles underlying operant and respondent behavior, while Chapters 9–25 discuss the application of these principles.
  • Miltenberger presents a wide variety of examples using different populations in multiple settings-including college students, school-age children, and people with developmental disabilities-providing a uniquely wide lens through which to consider behavior modification principles.
  • "Application Exercises" at the end of each procedures chapter (Chapters 2, 3, and 9–25) provide real-life cases followed by questions that ask students to apply the procedures that are described. "Misapplication Exercises" follow each of the "Application Exercises," providing case studies that ask students to analyze what's wrong with the procedure being applied to the case. Answers to both sets of exercises appear in the Instructor's Manual.
  • "Self-Assessment Questions" throughout the text are designed to help students assess their understanding of the material by giving them the chance to work with familiar, everyday examples of behavior from tables. In most cases, answers are presented immediately following the question.
  • Chapter-opening questions, which relate to topics that will be covered, are paralleled in the chapter summaries to reinforce students' review and retention of the material.
  • "Practice Tests" appear at the end of the chapters, with page references for easy review. End-of-chapter quizzing also includes three fill-in-the-blank quizzes, each containing ten items.
  • Numerous clinical and research examples in the application chapters show how principles work in practice.
  • This text offers extensive coverage of antecedent control procedures for increasing or decreasing target behaviors, including such topics as response effort, competing behaviors, establishing operations, and how to manipulate these to influence a target behavior.

Table of Contents

1. Introduction to Behavior Modification.
2. Observing and Recording Behavior.
3. Graphing Behavior and Measuring Change.
4. Reinforcement.
5. Extinction.
6. Punishment.
7. Stimulus Control: Discrimination and Generalization.
8. Respondent Conditioning.
9. Shaping.
10. Prompting and Transfer of Stimulus Control.
11. Chaining.
12. Behavioral Skills Training Procedures.
13. Understanding Problem Behaviors through Functioning Assessments.
14. Applying Extinction.
15. Differential Reinforcement.
16. Antecedent Control Procedures.
17. Using Punishment: Time-out and Response Cost.
18. Positive Punishment Procedures and the Ethics of Punishment.
19. Promoting Generalization.
20. Self-Management.
21. Habit Reversal Procedures.
22. The Token Economy.
23. Behavioral Contracts.
24. Fear and Anxiety Reduction Procedures.
25. Cognitive Behavior Modifications.

What's New

  • Important information in each chapter is highlighted in a second color or placed in text boxes in order to better draw students' attention. In addition, in-text questions are identified with a question mark icon.
  • This edition includes numerous new references, more self-assessment questions, and a number of new terms and their definitions.
  • Chapter 1 discusses professional practice, certification, and ethics, including information on Board Certified Behavior Analysts as the practicing professionals who use the behavior modification procedures presented in the text. This chapter also includes an updated definition of behavior modification and a brief discussion of behaviorism. Ethical principles are discussed in Chapters 1 and 6.
  • The term "motivating operation" was introduced in the last edition. In this edition, more detail is provided on the two types of motivating operations (EOs and AOs) in Chapters 4 and 6 to help students better understand the concept applied to reinforcement and punishment. A table provides a succinct summary.
  • The author provides more detail on how functional relationships between environmental variables and behavior are assessed, including an emphasis on how functional relationships are established in each type of research design (Chapter 3) and on how functional analysis procedures identify functional relationships (Chapter 13).
  • More information on functional analysis in Chapter 13 includes clarification of the distinction between functional assessment and functional analysis and clinical applications of functional analysis methodology.
  • A new figure highlights the difference between interval recording and time sample recording (Chapter 2). New discussions cover the use of technology for behavior recording, including behavior recording apps for smartphones and tablets, accelerometers and GPS enabled devices for recording exercise and physical activity, and web-based programs for recording and self-management (Chapters 2 and 23).
  • This edition includes new information on the effective use of time out, including procedures for increasing compliance with time out. There's also discussion of another strategy for promoting generalization-providing cues for the behavior in the natural environment.
  • The terms "evoke" and "abate" are introduced in the discussion of EOs and AOs (Chapter 4), and "evoke" is covered in the discussion of stimulus control (Chapter 7).
  • The author clarifies the two functions of feedback (Chapter 12), presents the discussion of instructions before the discussion of modeling in behavioral skills training (Chapter 12), and distinguishes between preference assessment and reinforcer assessment (Chapter 15).
  • New, revised, or expanded topics include the competing responses framework and team decision making (Chapter 16), use of physical restraint as an emergency procedure (Chapter 18), the use of social media for social support (Chapter 20), novel uses of habit reversal (Chapter 21), three essential components of relaxation procedures (Chapter 24), and behavioral activation treatment for depression (Chapter 24).


All supplements have been updated in coordination with the main title. Select the main title's "About" tab, then select "What's New" for updates specific to title's edition.

For more information about these supplements, or to obtain them, contact your Learning Consultant.

Instructor Supplements

Online PowerPoint®  (ISBN-10: 1305575342 | ISBN-13: 9781305575349)

These vibrant Microsoft® PowerPoint® lecture slides for each chapter assist you with your lecture by providing concept coverage using content directly from the textbook.

Online Instructor’s Manual  (ISBN-10: 1305575350 | ISBN-13: 9781305575356)

The Instructor’s Manual contains a variety of resources to aid instructors in preparing and presenting text material in a manner that meets their personal preferences and course needs. It presents chapter-by-chapter suggestions and resources to enhance and facilitate learning.

Cengage Learning Testing, powered by Cognero Instant Access  (ISBN-10: 130557494X | ISBN-13: 9781305574946)

Meet the Author

Author Bio

Raymond G. Miltenberger

Raymond G. Miltenberger received his Ph.D. in Clinical Psychology in 1985 from Western Michigan University. He is currently a professor and director of the Applied Behavior Analysis Program at the University of South Florida. Dr. Miltenberger conducts applied behavior analysis research with his students and publishes widely in the areas of sports and fitness, functional assessment and treatment of behavioral disorders, and self-protection skills training. He utilizes behavior modification in clinical work with children and individuals with intellectual disability.