Legacies: Fiction, Poetry, Drama, Nonfiction, 4th Edition

  • Jan Zlotnik Schmidt SUNY New Paltz
  • Lynne Crockett Sullivan County Community College
  • Carley Rees Bogarad Late, SUNY New Paltz
  • ISBN-10: 1428206299  |  ISBN-13: 9781428206298
  • 1680 Pages
  • Previous Editions: 2006, 2002, 1995
  • © 2009 | Published
  • List Price = $ 211.95
  • For quantity discounts, Contact your Representative
  • For single copy purchases, visit
  • Newer Edition Available



Embark on the literary journey of a lifetime—with LEGACIES: FICTION, POETRY, DRAMA, NONFICTION, Fourth Edition! This four-genre literature anthology challenges you to think, read, and write critically. From Lao-tzu and Sophocles to Sandra Cisneros, Charles Simic, and Suzan Lori-Parks, you’ll discover the best of the traditional, multicultural, and world literature canons, as well as exciting new contemporary works that encourage you to question, observe, probe, and critique what you are reading. In addition, you’ll find an array of assignments designed to develop your writing abilities, from journal entries and critical analysis essays to literary arguments and research papers.

Features and Benefits

  • Engage students with masterpieces of the traditional and non-traditional canons, world literature, and contemporary writing.
  • Thematically arranged content allows students to compare and contrast selected works from different genres critically.
  • “Crossing the Genres” clusters open each chapter, tying readings from each genre together through questions and writing assignments.
  • Single-genre thematic clusters deepen students’ understanding of individual genres.
  • Practical information on the research process and documentation is provided, including the use of online resources.

Table of Contents

1. Critical Thinking and Critical Analysis of Literature.
2. The Reading Process.
3. The Writing Process: Writing the Essay about Literature.
4. Forms of Arguments about Literature.
5. Identity and Rites of Passage.
Crossing the Genres/Identity and the Body.
Joyce Carol Oates, “Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?” (Fiction). Heinz Insu Fenkl, “My Father’s Hand . . .” from Memories of my Ghost Brother (Fiction/Memoir). Marie Howe, “The Attic” (Poetry). Rita Dove, “Adolescence I, II, III” (Poetry). Alissa Quart,
“Body Branding: Cosmetic Surgery” from Branded (Nonfiction).
Wendi Kaufman, “Helen on Eighty-Sixth Street.” John Updike, “A & P.” Liliana Heker, “The Stolen Party.” Barbara Kingsolver, “Rose-Johnny.” Daniel Alarcón, “Flood.” Raymond Carver, “Cathedral.”
Fairy Tales/Fiction.
Nadine Gordimer, “Once Upon a Time.” Angela Carter, “The Company of Wolves.” On the Web: Introduction to Fairy Tales.
Diane Wakoski, “Wind Secrets.” Countee Cullen, “Incident.” Walt Whitman, “Out of the Cradle Endlessly Rocking.” Gary Soto, “Oranges.” Audre Lorde, “Hanging Fire.” Nikki Giovanni, “Ego Tripping.” Nikki Giovanni, “Quilts.” Anne Sexton, “Cinderella.” Shirley Geok-Lin Lim, “Ah Mah.” Neal Bowers, “Driving Lessons.” Stephen Dunn, “The Sacred.” Barbara Hamby, “Ode to my 1977 Toyota.”
Cathy Song, “Lost Sister.” Naomi Shihab Nye, “Biography of an Armenian Schoolgirl.” Louise Erdrich, “Indian Boarding School: The Runaways.” Janice Mirikitani, “Suicide Note.” Ha Jin, “The Past.” General Ulysses S. Awesome, “Who Places Things Exactly.”
Paula Vogel, How I Learned to Drive. Henrik Ibsen, A Doll’s House.
Lynn Smith, “Betwixt and Bewildered: Scholars Are Intrigued by the Angst of ‘Emerging Adults.’” Gretel Ehrlich, “Looking for a Lost Dog.” Bruno Bettelheim, “The Uses of Enchantment.” Azar Nafisi, from Reading Lolita in Tehran.
Pilgrimages…Escape or Enlightenment?/Nonfiction.
Jonathan Lethem, “13, 1977, 21.” Joan Didion, “Goodbye to All That.” On the Web: Pilgrimages/Road Trips.
Graphic Literature: Marjane Satrapi, “The Veil” and “The Black Market Tapes” from Persepolis: The Story of a Childhood.
6. The Self and Beyond.
Crossing the Genres/Family Secrets.
Mary Gaitskill, “Tiny, Smiling Daddy” (Fiction). Edwidge Danticat, “Night Talkers” (Fiction). Robyn Joy Leff, “Burn Your Maps” (Fiction). Robert Hayden, “Those Winter Sundays” (Poetry). Bell hooks, Chapters 49, 50, 51 from bone black (Nonfiction).
Tillie Olsen, “I Stand Here Ironing.” Dean Bakopoulos, “Some Memories of My Father” from Please Don’t Come Back from the Moon. James Baldwin, “Sonny’s Blues.” Alice Walker, “Everyday Use.” Amy Tan, “Scar” from The Joy Luck Club. Louise Erdrich,
“The Shawl.”
The Family Gothic/Fiction.
Nathaniel Hawthorne, “Rappaccini’s Daughter.” William Faulkner, “A Rose for Emily.” Mary Gordon, “City Life.” On the Web: Visions of Hauntings: Short Stories by Edgar Allan Poe.
Amiri Baraka, “Preface to a Twenty Volume Suicide Note.” Grace Paley, “Fathers.” Sylvia Plath, “Daddy.” Simon Ortiz, “My Father’s Song.” Li-Young Lee, “Persimmons.” Seamus Heaney, “Digging.” Jamaica Kincaid, “Girl.” Pauline Powers Uchmanowicz, “Knee
Deep In Mud My Mother.” Billy Collins, “The Lanyard.” Anne Sexton, “My Little Girl, My Stringbean, My Lovely Woman.” Maxine Kumin, “Making the Jam Without You.” Etheridge Knight, “The Idea of Ancestry.” Agha Shahid Ali, “Snowmen.” Marilyn Chin, “Turtle Soup.”
Loss and Family/Poems.
Frances Ellen Watkins Harper, “The Slave Mother.” D. H. Lawrence, “Piano.” Harold A. Zlotnik, “Odyssey.” Martin Espada, “Coca-cola and Coco Frio.” Dwight Okita, “The Nice Thing about Counting Stars.” Julia Alvarez, “Homecoming.” Sharon Olds, “I Go Back to
May 1937.”
August Wilson, The Piano Lesson.
Toi Derricotte, “Beginning Dialogues.” David Sedaris, “The Girl Next Door.” Chang-rae Lee, “Coming Home Again.” Geeta Kothari, “If You Are What You Eat, Then What Am I?” Katherine Waugh, “Bucket of Blood.” On the Web: Food and Family.
The Nuclear Family Redefined?/Nonfiction.
Barbara Kingsolver, “Stone Soup.” Judith Wallerstein, Julia M. Lewis, and Sandra Blakeslee, from Chapter 3, “Growing Up Is Harder,” The Unexpected Legacy of Divorce: The 25 Year Landmark Study.
Graphic Literature: Lynda Barry, “Common Scents” from One! Hundred! Demons!
7. G ender and Sexuality.
Crossing the Genres/The Elusive Sexual Self.
ZZ Packer, “Drinking Coffee Elsewhere” (Fiction). Andrew Lam, “Grandma’s Tales” (Fiction). Alma Luz Villanueva, “Crazy Courage” (Poetry). Mark Doty, “Tiara” (Poetry). David Henry Hwang, M Butterfly (Drama). Bernard Cooper, “Burl’s” (Nonfiction).
Anton Chekhov, “Lady with Lapdog.” Ernest Hemingway, “Hills Like White Elephants.” James Joyce, “Eveline.” Junot Diaz, “How to Date a Browngirl, Blackgirl, Whitegirl, or Halfie.” Lara Vapnyar, “Broccoli.” Charlotte Perkins Gilman, “The Yellow Wallpaper.”
Leslie Marmon Silko, “Yellow Woman.” Bobbie Ann Mason, “Shiloh.” Margaret Atwood, “Happy Endings.” Sandra Cisneros, “Barbie Q.”
Modern Love: Fiction.
T.C. Boyle, “Modern Love.” Kate Braverman, “Pagan Night.” On the Web: Essays: Love and Loss.
William Shakespeare, “Let Me Not to the Marriage of True Minds.” William Shakespeare, “Shall I Compare Thee to a Summer’s Day?” John Donne, “A Valediction Forbidding Mourning.” Heather McHugh, “Earthmoving Malediction.” Andrew Marvell, “To His
Coy Mistress.” Matthew Arnold, “Dover Beach.” Anthony Hecht, “The Dover Bitch.” Pablo Neruda, “Sweetness, Always.” Pablo Neruda, “Tonight I Can Write.” Liz Rosenberg, “In the End, We Are All Light.” Virginia Adair, “Peeling an Orange.” Marge Piercy, “Barbie Doll.” Anna Akhmatova, “Lot’s Wife.” T. S. Eliot, “The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock.” Marie Howe, “The Boy.” William Carlos Williams, “Danse Russe.” Thomas Gunn, “The Missing.”
Love and Betrayal/Poetry.
John Donne, “The Flea.” John Keats, “La Belle Dame sans Merci.” Robert Browning, “My Last Duchess.” Robert Browning, “Porphyria’s Lover.” Christina Rossetti, “Goblin Market.” Gabriela Mistral, “Dusk.” Carley Rees Bogarad, “Kudzu.” Bart Edelman, “Bed and Brimstone.” On the Web: Cultural Contexts/Gender.
Susan Glaspell, Trifles. David Ives, Sure Thing. William Shakespeare, Othello.
Plato, “The Sexes” from The Symposium. Maxine Hong Kingston, “No Name Woman.” Virginia Woolf, “Professions for Women.” Simone de Beauvoir, “Woman as Other.” Kim Allen, “The 3rd WWWave: Who We Are, and Why We Need to Speak.”
Masculinities/Femininities—Conditioned or Constructed?/ Nonfiction.
Mary Pipher, “Saplings in the Storm” from Reviving Ophelia. William Pollack, “Inside the World of Boys: Behind the Mask of Masculinity” from Real Boys. On the Web: Masculinities and Femininities.
On the Web: Selections from “Modern Love,” The New York Times.
Graphic Literature: Alison Bechdel, “Old Father, Old Artificer” from Fun Home.
8. Sites of Conflict.
Crossing the Genres/Terror and Terrorism.
Luisa Valenzuela, “The Verb to Kill” (Fiction). Uwem Akpan, “My Parents’ Bedroom” (Fiction). Senadin Musabegović, “The Oath” (Poetry). Jessica Hagedorn, “The Song of Bullets” (Poetry). Carolyn Forché, “The Colonel” (Poetry). Robert Waugh, “The Bodies of This Century” (Poetry). Naomi Shihab Nye, “All Things Not Considered” (Poetry). Laura Blumenfeld, “The Apology: Letters from a Terrorist” (Nonfiction). Sara Corbett, “The Lost Boys” (Nonfiction). Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie, “Half of a Yellow Sun.” Cynthia Ozick,
“The Shawl.” Sara Nomberg Pryztyk, “Natasha’s Triumph.” Shusaku End, “The War Generation.” Tim O’Brien, “How to Tell a True War Story.”
In [Visibility]: Minorities vs. Majorities/Fiction.
Frederick Busch, “Ralph the Duck.” Allegra Goodman, “The Local Production of Cinderella.”
W. H. Auden, “Musée des Beaux Arts.” W. H. Auden, “Unknown Citizen.” Lao-tzu, “Weapons at Best.” Wilfred Owen, “Dulce et Decorum Est.” Mary Jo Salter, “Welcome to Hiroshima.” Marilyn Chin, “Love Poem from Nagasaki.” Yusef Komunyakaa, “Facing
It.” Yusef Komunyakaa, “Nude Interrogation.” Langston Hughes, “Let America Be America Again.” Langston Hughes, “Harlem.” Gwendolyn Brooks, “The Boy Died in My Alley.” Gwendolyn Brooks, “The Chicago Defender Sends a Man to Little Rock.” Allen Ginsberg, “America.” Allen Ginsberg, “A Supermarket in California.” Joy Harjo, “For Anna Mae Aquash Whose Spirit Is Present Here and in the Dappled Stars.” Martín Espada, “Imagine the Angels of Bread.” Maya Angelou, “Still I Rise.” Lucille Clifton, “Jasper Texas 1998.”
Wole Soyinka, “Telephone Conversation.” Emily Dickinson, “I’m Nobody! Who are You?” Dagoberto Gilb, “You Know Him by His Labors, but Not His Face.” Taslima Nasrin, “Things Cheaply Had.” Anthony Hecht, “The Book of Yolek.”
Poems for 9/11.
Billy Collins, “The Names.” Martin Espada, “Alabanza: In Praise of Local 100.” Adam Zagajewski, “Try to Praise the Mutilated World.”
On the Web: Wendell Berry, “Thoughts in the Presence of Fear.”
The Ideal vs. the Real World/Poetry.
William Blake, “London.” Frances Ellen Watkins Harper, “The Slave Auction.” Paul Laurence Dunbar, “Sympathy.” Gloria Anzaldúa, “horse.” Paul Celan, “Death Fugue.”
On the Web: Protest Songs.
Sophocles, Antigone. Anna Deavere Smith, “To Look Like Girls from Little” from Twilight: Los Angeles, 1992. Suzan Lori-Parks, “Father Comes Home from the Wars (Part 1)” from 365 Days/365 Plays. Jose Rivera, “Gas.”
Sojourner Truth, “Ain’t I a Woman?” Elie Wiesel, “Why I Write: Making No Become Yes.” Emma Goldman, “Minorities vs. Majorities.” Czeslaw Milosz, “American Ignorance of War.” Jason Hartley, “I, Jailor.” Zachary Scott-Singley, from A Soldier’s Thoughts. Danusha Veronica Goska, “Political Paralysis.” Andrew Sullivan “What’s So Bad About Hate?”
The Prism of Race and Class/Nonfiction.
Manning Marable, “The Prism of Race.” Emily Bernard, “Teaching the N-Word.”
On the Web: Historical Contexts: Civil Rights.
Graphic Literature: Art Spiegelman, from Maus II: A Survivor’s Tale: And Here My Troubles Began.
9. Borderlands.
Crossing the Genres/The Human Animal.
Lauren Slater, “Blue Beyond Blue” (Fiction). Charles Simic, “Summer Morning” (Poetry). Peter Singer, “Speciesism and the Equality of Animals” (Nonfiction). Alice Walker, “Am I Blue?”(Nonfiction).
Kurt Vonnegut, Jr., “Harrison Bergeron.” Gabriel García Márquez, “The Handsomest Drowned Man in the World.” Jhumpa Lahiri, “The Third and Final Continent.” Bharati Mukherjee, “Even Macau Girls Get the Blues.” Flannery O’Connor, “A Good Man Is Hard to Find.” Sherman Alexie, “What You Pawn I Will Redeem.”
Facing Death/Fiction.
Ben Okri, “A Prayer from the Living.” Rudolfo Anaya, “In Search of Epifano.”
On the Web: Death in the Midst of Life.
W.B. Yeats, “The Second Coming.” Rabindranath Tagore, Gitanjali: “Song I” and “Song II.” Rainer Maria Rilke, “Sonnet 1.” Rainer Maria Rilke, “Sonnet 29.” Adrienne Rich, “Diving into the Wreck.” Derek Walcott, “The Season of Phantasmal Peace.” Gloria Anzaldúa, “To
live in the Borderlands means you.” Marjorie Agosin, “Far Away.” Marjorie Agosin, “The Foreigner.” Eugene Gloria, “Assimilation.” Anna Lee Walters, “My Name Is ‘I Am Living.’” e.e. cummings, “the little horse is newlY.” Mary Oliver, “Spring.” Robert Frost, “The
Bear.” Allen Ginsberg, “Sunflower Sutra.” Wislawa Szymborska, “The Century’s Decline.” Wislawa Szymborska, “Could Have.” Wislawa Szymborska, “Hatred.” Wislawa Szymborsk, “Children of Our Age.”
On the Web: Biographical and Critical Contexts, A Study of Wislawa Szymborska. Linda Pastan, “Secrets.” Robert Frost, “Design.” Robert Frost, “After Apple Picking.”
Life in the Midst of Death/Poetry.
Jorge Luis Borges, “Ars Poetica.” John Keats, “Ode on a Grecian Urn.” Emily Dickinson, “I heard a Fly buzz—when I died.” George Meredith, “Dirge in Woods.” William Butler Yeats, “Sailing to Byzantium.” Theodore Roethke, “The Waking.” Dylan Thomas, “Do Not Go Gentle into That Good Night.” James Wright, “A Blessing.” Jane Kenyon, “Otherwise.” Ted Kooser, “Walking on Tiptoe.”
Laurence Carr, “Scrabble and Tabouli.” Lesli-Jo Morizono, “Freakish Times.”
Toni Morrison, “The Nobel Prize Speech: Nobel Lecture, 7 December l993.” Jared Diamond, “The End of the World as We Know Them.” Albert Camus, “The Myth of Sisyphus.” Kwame Anthony Appiah, “The Case for Contamination.”
Visions of the Spirit/Nonfiction.
Plato, “The Allegory of the Cave.” Scott Russell Sanders, “The Force of Spirit.”
On the Web: Wilderness vs. Wasteland.
Graphic Literature: Gene Luen Yang, “The Myth of the Monkey King” from American Born Chinese. Writing Assignments. Student Essay: Michael Mei, “Lost in Transition” (Cultural Analysis Essay).
10. Fiction.
11. Poetry.
12. Drama.
13. Nonfiction.
Appendix A: The Research Process and MLA Documentation.
Appendix B: Visual Texts.
Appendix C: Critical Approaches to Literature.
Appendix D: Author Biographies.
Glossary of Terms. Literary Credits. Index of Authors, Titles, and First Lines of Poetry.
Subject Index.

What's New

  • A new chapter on literary arguments and “Write an Argument” assignments throughout the book provide many opportunities for students to analyze arguments in the texts and write their own persuasive essays.
  • Reading selections are organized both by genre and by intriguing themes—and include new topics such as “The Elusive Sexual Self,” “Terror and Terrorism,” and “The Human Animal.”
  • Over 30 percent of the literature is new, including an excerpt from a graphic novel in every anthology chapter and additional stories, poems, plays, and essays.
  • New reading clusters (e.g., Modern Love/Fiction, and The Ideal vs. The Real World/Poetry) allow students to explore a theme in depth while focusing on a single genre.
  • New essays on controversial topics are paired to stimulate argumentative thinking, writing, and debate. These include “The Nuclear Family Redefined?”; “Masculinities/Femininities—Conditioned or Constructed?”; and “Visions of the Spirit.”
  • New online literature and contextual information is provided for each theme.
  • A new appendix on Visual Rhetoric helps student read, analyze, and write about visuals such as paintings, websites, and graphic literature.


All supplements have been updated in coordination with the main title. Select the main title's "About" tab, then select "What's New" for updates specific to title's edition.

For more information about these supplements, or to obtain them, contact your Learning Consultant.

Instructor Supplements

Everyday Use by Alice Walker (DVD): Wadsworth Original Film Series in Literature  (ISBN-10: 1413006582 | ISBN-13: 9781413006582)

Available on DVD, this film includes "Everyday Use" by Alice Walker with an exclusive interview with the author.

Meet the Author

Author Bio

Jan Zlotnik Schmidt

Jan Zlotnik Schmidt, a SUNY Distinguished Teaching Professor, who earned her BA from the University of Rochester in 1969, her MA from the University of Wisconsin in 1970, and her PhD from Syracuse University in 1977, teaches courses in composition, autobiography, creative writing, American literature, women's literature, and Holocaust studies. Her poetry has been published in many journals, including KANSAS QUARTERLY, CREAM CITY REVIEW, SYRACUSE SCHOLAR, ALASKA QUARTERLY REVIEW, HOME PLANET NEWS, and PHOEBE. She has published two volumes of poetry--WE SPEAK IN TONGUES (the Edwin Mellen Press, 1991) and SHE HAD THIS MEMORY (the Edwin Mellen Press, 2000)--and two collections of autobiographical essays--WOMEN/WRITING/TEACHING (SUNY Press, 1998) and WISE WOMEN: REFLECTIONS OF TEACHERS AT MIDLIFE, co-authored with Dr. Phyllis R. Freeman (Routledge, 2000).

Lynne Crockett

Lynne Crockett is an Associate Professor and Writing Program Administrator at SUNY Sullivan, a small, two-year college in the Catskill Mountains of New York. She received her PhD in Victorian literature from New York University in 2004. Crockett writes a monthly column for the SHAWANGUNK journal in Ellenville, New York, in addition to publishing creative nonfiction.