Cengage Advantage Books: Ethics: Discovering Right and Wrong, 7th Edition

  • Louis P. Pojman Late of the United States Military Academy, West Point
  • James Fieser University of Tennessee, Martin
  • ISBN-10: 1111298173  |  ISBN-13: 9781111298173
  • 272 Pages
  • Previous Editions: 2009, 2006, 2002
  • © 2012 | Published
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About

Overview

The classic ethics text written by one of contemporary philosophy's most skilled, ardent teachers, Louis P. Pojman, is now revised by best-selling author and editor of the INTERNET ENCYCLOPEDIA OF PHILOSOPHY, James Fieser. ETHICS: DISCOVERING RIGHT AND WRONG, Seventh Edition, offers a concise yet comprehensive overview of the fundamental objectives and outlooks of ethical theory. Written with Pojman's hallmark engaging, conversational manner with strong supporting pedagogy, this book challenges students to develop their own moral theories and to reason through ethical problems for themselves. The text even-handedly raises critical questions and fosters independent thinking within a rigorous presentation that draws numerous examples from both classical and contemporary sources. This edition maintains the text's clarity and strengths with its non-dogmatic style and generous presentation of various positions. This revision includes more feminist and multicultural ethical perspectives. The book clearly and logically guides your students from initial chapters that discuss general concerns about meta-ethics to presentations of major moral theories. Later chapters address special topics in personal and religious ethics as well as the most recent developments in moral theory. Study questions for each chapter and useful bibliographies further assist students delving deeper into philosophy. A companion website offers additional support with material on Divine Command theory and how to write ethics papers (found previously as appendices in the book) as well as essay questions and numerous interactive learning aids. An alternate edition of this text with key readings from Aristotle, Kant, and Mill bound into the back is also available.


Features/Benefits

  • Balanced presentation: Written in a non-dogmatic style, this text generously presents various positions, yet even-handedly raises critical questions and fosters independent thinking.
  • Helpful tools: A useful appendix guides students in writing philosophy papers, while a glossary helps students focus on the meanings of key concepts.
  • Proven learning aids: Each chapter in this edition includes Study Questions and a useful Bibliography to assist students in review and further learning.
  • Reflection Questions and suggested readings in every chapter encourage students to delve deeper into the engaging issues presented.

Table of Contents

Preface.
1. WHAT IS ETHICS?
Ethics and its subdivisions. Morality as compared with other normative subjects. Traits of moral principles. Domains of ethical assessment. Conclusion.
2. ETHICAL RELATIVISM.
Subjective ethical relativism. Conventional ethical relativism. Criticisms of conventional ethical relativism. Conclusion.
3. MORAL OBJECTIVISM.
Aquinas’ objectivism and absolutism. Moderate objectivism. Ethical situationalism. Conclusion.
4. VALUE AND THE QUEST FOR THE GOOD.
Intrinsic and instrumental value. The value of pleasure. Are values objective or subjective? The relation of value to morality. The good life.
5. SOCIAL CONTRACT THEORY AND THE MOTIVE TO BE MORAL.
Why does society need moral rules? Why should I be moral? Morality, self-interest and game theory. The motive to always be moral. Conclusion.
6. EGOISM, SELF-INTEREST, AND ALTRUISM.
Psychological egoism. Ethical egoism. Arguments against ethical egoism. Evolution and altruism. Conclusion.
7. UTILITARIANISM
Classic utilitarianism. Act and rule-utilitarianism. Criticism of utilitarianism. Criticism of the ends justifying immoral means. Conclusion.
8. KANT AND DEONTOLOGICAL THEORIES.
Kant’s influences. The categorical imperative. Counterexamples to the principle of the law of nature. Other formulations of the categorical imperative. The problem of exceptionless rules. The problem of posterity. Conclusion: a reconciliation project.
9. VIRTUE THEORY.
The nature of virtue ethics. Criticisms of action-based ethics. Connections between virtue-based and action-based ethics. Feminism and the ethics of care. Conclusion.
10. GENDER AND ETHICS.
Classic Views. Female Care Ethics. Four Options regarding Gender and Ethics. Conclusion.
11. RELIGION AND ETHICS.
Does morality depend on religion? Is religion irrelevant or even contrary to morality? Does religion enhance the moral life? Conclusion.
12. THE FACT-VALUE PROBLEM.
Hume and Moore: the problem classically stated. Ayer and emotivism. Hare and prescriptivism. Naturalism and the fact-value problem. Conclusion.
13. MORAL REALISM AND THE CHALLENGE OF SKEPTICISM.
Mackie’s moral skepticism. Harman’s moral nihilism. A defense of moral realism. Conclusion.
Appendix: How to Read and Write a Philosophy Paper.
Glossary.
Index.

What's New

  • A new chapter, "Gender and Ethics."
  • A new discussion of Christine Korsgaard in the chapter on Kant.
  • A new discussion of Richard Dawkins in the chapter on religion and ethics.
  • New discussion of Wollstonecraft, Gilligan, Noddings, and other feminist moral philosophers.

Efficacy and Outcomes

Reviews

"It introduces theoretical concepts in an intriguing way, and it condenses a great deal of material in an accessible form." -- Michael Gavin, Eastern Michigan University
— Michael Gavin
"I have used the text for several semesters and find it quite good for my students." -- Delores Doench, Southwestern Community College
— Delores Doench
"ETHICS: DISCOVERING RIGHT AND WRONG is an outstanding introductory ethics text, written with a keen eye to the abilities of upper-level undergraduate students. The authors do a nice job of clarifying abstract philosophical concepts in a way that demonstrates their relevance in the real world." -- Vic McCracken, Abilene Christian University
— Vic McCracken
"I am impressed with the readability of the text, in terms of both reading level and clarity. It is hard enough to explain philosophy, but they do so with simple language and many concrete examples. This would be an easier text for my students to read while still offering them solid content." -- Mary Beth O’Halloran, Century College
— Mary Beth O’Halloran
"This is an excellent text that covers the broad range of issues in normative and metaethics quite well, but still being introductory enough for an intro course. For an advanced undergraduate course, it would pair nicely with source readings." -- Eric Rovie, Agnes Scott College
— Eric Rovie
"It is an excellent survey for a general ethics audience." -- Mark D Sadler, Northeast Lakeview College
— Mark D Sadler
"I like the direct and concise approach. I like the way that the authors weave together theories, examples, stories, and primary sources." -- Patricia D. Shannon, Chabot College
— Patricia D. Shannon

Meet the Author

About the Author

Louis P. Pojman

Louis P. Pojman (1935-2005) was Professor of Philosophy, Emeritus, at the United States Military Academy and a Life Member of Clare Hall, Cambridge University. He received an M.A. and Ph.D. from Union Theological Seminary/Columbia University. He was a Fulbright Fellow at the University of Copenhagen and a Rockefeller Fellow at Hamburg University. He received his D.Phil. in Philosophy from Oxford University in 1997.His first position was at the University of Notre Dame, after which he taught at the University of Texas at Dallas. Later, at the University of Mississippi, he served for three years as Chair of the Department of Philosophy and Religion. In 1995, he became Professor of Philosophy at the United States Military Academy at West Point. He most recently was Visiting Professor at Brigham Young University in Utah and Visiting Fellow at Clare Hall, Oxford University. Pojman won several research and teaching awards, including the Burlington Northern Award for Outstanding Teaching and Scholarship (1988) and the Outstanding Scholar/Teacher in the Humanities at the University of Mississippi (1994). He wrote in the areas of philosophy of religion, epistemology, ethics, and political philosophy and authored or edited more than 30 books and 100 articles. Pojman passed away in 2005.

James Fieser

James Fieser is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Tennessee at Martin. He received his B.A. from Berea College and his M.A. and Ph.D. in philosophy from Purdue University. He is author, co-author, or editor of ten textbooks, including SOCRATES TO SARTRE AND BEYOND (9/e 2011), ETHICAL THEORY: CLASSICAL AND CONTEMPORARY READINGS (6/e 2010), A HISTORICAL INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY (2003), and MORAL PHILOSOPHY THROUGH THE AGES (2001). He has edited and annotated the ten-volume EARLY RESPONSES TO HUME (2/e 2005) and the five-volume SCOTTISH COMMON SENSE PHILOSOPHY (2000). He is founder and general editor of the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy website (http://www.iep.utm.edu).