Cengage Learning

Higher Education

Psychology: Concepts and Connections, 9th Edition

  • includes CD-ROM, Student Notebook, and InfoTrac®
  • Spencer A. Rathus New York University, School of Continuing and Professional Studies
  • ISBN-10: 0534462871  |  ISBN-13: 9780534462871
  • 754 Pages
  • Previous Editions: 2002, 1999, 1996
  • © 2005 | Published



Rich in reader-friendly features and up-to-the-minute research, Spencer Rathus’s Ninth Edition of PSYCHOLOGY: CONCEPTS AND CONNECTIONS (previously known as PSYCHOLOGY IN THE NEW MILLENNIUM) makes your students’ introduction to psychology a meaningful, personal experience. Rathus connects the core concepts of psychology to the events and issues students encounter every day. The book explains classic theories and the latest discoveries in a clear, accessible style intended to reach out to students-without sacrificing Rathus’s commitment to showing psychology as the rigorous science that it is. Throughout the text, you’ll find an emphasis on diversity and expanded coverage of the evolutionary perspective, plus numerous references to the timeliest research available. And, the text’s proven active learning system, PQ4R (Preview, Question, Read, Reflect, Review, and Recite), incorporated into every chapter, seamlessly integrates reading and studying. In addition, Rathus’s text features the most integrated multi-platform media package available, with the free student CD-ROM, the full Web site that features Self-Study Assessments (pre- and post-tests), and interactive versions of features from the text-all tightly connected to the text itself to give students the a powerful, comprehensive introduction to psychology.

Features and Benefits

  • The text’s pedagogy is based upon the proven PQ4R (Preview, Question, Read, Reflect, Review, and Recite) system, an active learning approach that discourages students from believing that they are sponges who will automatically soak up the subject matter. PQ4R stimulates students to actively engage the subject matter, and students are encouraged to become proactive rather than reactive.
  • "Truth or Fiction" questions begin each chapter, encouraging students to delve into the subject matter by challenging folklore and common sense. Examples include "Your genetic code overlaps 25 percent with that of a carrot" and "It may be easier for you to recall the name of your first-grade teacher than the name of someone you just met at a party." "Truth or Fiction Revisited" sections provide answers to the Truth or Fiction statements in a discussion format. These "revisited" sections are now integrated in the text rather than at the end of the chapter, thereby creating a more focused discussion.
  • Unique "Recite�An Active Summary" features allow students to test their understanding of the material by answering the questions that have been posed throughout the chapter. They can use the perforated bookmark, provided at the beginning of the book, to check their understanding against the answers provided.
  • "In Profile" sections, one of the most popular features of the book, paint people of importance to the history and current practice of psychology as flesh-and-blood human beings. (For example, one features Charles Darwin, who kept his theory of evolution a secret for twenty years because he feared it would bring scorn upon his family.) An icon directs students to information about each featured figure on the Book Companion Web Site.
  • As part of the PQ4R method of learning, revised chapter outlines called "Preview" begin each chapter. This outline format replaces the question format used in the previous edition.
  • Self-Assessments help students connect to the material with questionnaires they can take on such topics as "Dare You Say What You Think? The Social-Desirability Scale" and "The Remote Associates Test" (a self-test of creativity).
  • "Controversy in Psychology" sections discuss openly debated subjects in psychology. For example, in Chapter 6, "Learning," the Controversy in Psychology feature, "Should children be punished for misbehavior?" discusses the complexities of punishment and its many consequences.

Table of Contents

1. What Is Psychology?
2. Biology and Psychology.
3. Voyage Through the Lifespan.
4. Sensation and Perception.
5. Consciousness.
6. Learning.
7. Memory: Remembrance of Things Past-and Future.
8. Cognition and Language.
9. Intelligence and Creativity.
10. Motivation and Emotion.
11. Personality: Theory and Measurement.
12. Gender and Sexuality.
13. Stress, Health, and Adjustment.
14. Psychological Disorders.
15. Methods of Therapy.
16. Social Psychology.
Appendix A: Statistics.
Appendix B: Answer Keys to Self-Assessments and Active Review Sections.

What's New

  • Free with every new copy of the casebound book: the Connections CD-ROM includes quizzing; over 40 animations and live action videos with corresponding application and critical thinking questions’ 19 interactive, scored self-assessments keyed to core concepts in the main text; and a link to the Book Companion Web Site, which features Self-Study Assessments and additional interactive resources related to each chapter of the book.
  • Also free with every new copy of the casebound book: the Connections Student Notebook provides an indispensable resource with space for notes and select unlabeled art from the text.
  • New applications-based "Life Connections," which appear at the end of every chapter, tie psychology to students’ lives. Examples include: how and why we experience pain; obesity and the reasons why too many people in the United States overeat; "Coping with PMS;" and "Understanding and Enhancing Self Esteem."
  • New "Learning Connections" units occur at the end of every major section within each chapter and foster active learning, retention, and critical thinking. Each unit consists of a fill-in-the-blank "Active Review" exercise that tests important concepts, "Reflect and Relate" questions that encourage students to reflect on what they have learned, and "Critical Thinking" questions designed to help students hone their critical thinking skills. Web icons at the end of the chapter alert students to the interactive versions of these features, which appear on the Book Companion Web Site.
  • New "Mini-Experiments" are integrated throughout the text, offering students hands-on opportunities to enhance their mastery of the subject matter. For example, in Chapter 16, students are encouraged to keep a log of radio or TV commercials they hear or see, and observe which grab their attention, which ones they believe, and which ones tempted them to buy or try the product. These mini-experiments are highlighted in the "Applications" theme index along with other applications-based coverage.
  • New Power Visuals�important selected art from the book with an accompanying icon�direct students to the Book Companion Web Site, where they can test their knowledge by labeling the art in a drag-and-drop format.
  • New "A Closer Look" boxes discuss hot, new research. Topics include "Aging, Gender, and Ethnicity: Different Patterns of Aging," "With No Answers on Risks, Steroid Users Still Say ’Yes’" and "Dreams Across Cultures: From Forests to Rainshowers to ’The Dreaming.’"
  • New "Concept Reviews" highlight the most important concepts in a chapter in an engaging visual format that encourages students to interact with the material. For example, the Concept Reviews "Methods of Therapy" (Chapter 15) and "Psychological Disorders" (Chapter 16) highlight the different modes of therapy and disorders in a visually stimulating format that utilizes figures and photos. These tables are designed differently than regular tables to help students locate them quickly for studying purposes.
  • Chapter 2 ("Biology and Psychology") begins with a comprehensive new section on evolution and evolutionary psychology. Where appropriate, Rathus has added evolutionary coverage in order to highlight this perspective in the context of studying modern psychology. Some examples of coverage include: a discussion of the evolutionary perspective on how pain and the location of taste buds are adaptive and promote survival; the possible roles of evolution in gender typing; gender differences in mate selection; gender differences in pursuit of casual sexual relationships; and sexual aggression.
  • This edition features an upgraded Book Companion Web Site -- including new Self-Study Assessments! After reading each chapter in the text, students can take a Pre-Test to get an initial assessment on what they've learned. Based on their answers, they'll receive an automatically generated, personalized Study Plan that offers recommendations (with page numbers) for further study. Students can also complete a follow-up Post-Test to assess their progress. Other upgrades to the site include updated chapter outlines, learning objectives, new MediaWorks simulations and demonstrations (with critical thinking questions), and more.
  • New! PsychStudy -- an intelligent, Web-based study system -- enhances the functionality of the companion site by providing a completely integrated package of diagnostic quizzes, personalized Study Plans, integrated Learning Modules, and an Instructor Grade Book that automatically captures and tracks student progress. For details, see the Technology Solutions section, or contact your sales representative to package this FREE resource with this text.
  • To help streamline the book, human development is now covered in one chapter, called "Voyage Through the Lifespan" (Chapter 3).
  • Three new theme indexes are provided in the inside back cover to help outline coverage of Applications, Diversity, and Evolution. In addition, a new perforated/tear out bookmark in the front of the book highlights technology connections (lists the URL for pre- and post-test, the URL for the Book Companion Web Site, and the media icon for Connections CD), and includes a quick summary/explanation of PQ4R and how this bookmark can be used at the end of the chapter to do the "Recite�An Active Summary."
  • Two new in-text icons appear where appropriate: A diversity icon that indicates where diversity is covered in the text, and a media icon that links from the text to the Connections CD-ROM and to the Book Companion Web Site.
  • A New Instructor's Resource Manual Notebook, in an easy-to-use 3-ring binder, contains teaching tips for professors, a sample syllabus, activities for the first day of class, an InfoTrac College Edition user guide, and a Resource Integration Guide that shows instructors, chapter by chapter, where to use all the supplements Wadsworth offers. Each chapter of the Instructor's Resource Manual contains learning objectives, detailed lecture outlines, concept charts, and a major section called "Ideas for Instruction" that includes lecture topics, classroom activities, and journal entry prompts. Many of these are tied to the "Life Connections" section of the text. This manual also includes one "Applications" activity for every item listed in the three theme indexes on the inside back cover.
  • A new second Test Bank (available only in electronic format) gives instructors additional test question options.

Alternate Formats

Choose the format that best fits your student's budget and course goals

To customize your learning solution, contact your Learning Consultant for more information.

  • Casebound Version

    ISBN-10: 0534633056 | ISBN-13: 9780534633059

Efficacy and Outcomes


"Rathus is a good, solid mid-level text, with a wonderful new look due to the investment in the art program. It covers all the material I would expect any student to be exposed to at the introductory level."

— Fred Whitford, University of Montana – Bozeman

"I especially like the ’In Review’ sections; I found that even I used those to organize some of my thoughts for lecture!"

— Trisha Folds-Bennett, College of Charleston

"I would easily recommend the Rathus book to a colleague. The book has many good features, including coverage of multiple diversity issues, several online/CD learning tools, current applications of psychology and is comprehensible for undergrad students."

— Penny Wolfe, Elmhurst College

"The text is engagingly written and you have the sense that the author is a real human being, not just some academic in an ivory tower…It makes the field come alive, not just in the laboratory but in daily life. In most chapters, you just want to keep reading and reading."

— H. Mitzi Doane, University of Minnesota, Duluth

"Truth or Fiction is an excellent feature. It stimulated thought and interest as well as serving to motivate further studies. In Profile gives life to the material and humanizes research as well as linking data to application."

— Richard Townsend, Miami-Dade Community College

"I and my students like the author’s writing style and tone; as a matter of fact I think that it is one of the best features of the text."

— Lisa Valentino, Seminole Community College

"I believe the strongest point for this text is its readability. Students will like the easy flow from topic to topic and the examples that are used to elucidate a concept."

— Jack Hartnett, Virginia Commonwealth University

"Rathus’ key strengths are his friendly voice and clear, real-life examples of the main concepts."

— Sal Macias, University of South Carolina – Sumter


All supplements have been updated in coordination with the main title. Select the main title's "About" tab, then select "What's New" for updates specific to title's edition.

For more information about these supplements, or to obtain them, contact your Learning Consultant.

Instructor Supplements

ExamView (Volume I, Windows/Macintosh)  (ISBN-10: 053446291X | ISBN-13: 9780534462918)

Create, deliver, and customize tests and study guides (both print and online) in minutes with this easy-to-use assessment and tutorial system. ExamView offers both a Quick Test Wizard and an Online Test Wizard that guide you step-by-step through the process of creating tests, while its "what you see is what you get" interface allows you to see the test you are creating on the screen exactly as it will print or display online. You can build tests of up to 250 questions using up to 12 question types. Using ExamView’s complete word processing capabilities, you can enter an unlimited number of new questions or edit existing questions.

ExamView (Volume II, Windows/Macintosh)  (ISBN-10: 0534633048 | ISBN-13: 9780534633042)

Volume II (by Dan Bellack, Trident Technical College) comprises 90 additional multiple-choice questions, 10 fill-in-the-blank questions, 10 true/false questions, and 3 essay questions for each chapter of the book.

Test Bank (Volume I)  (ISBN-10: 0534462901 | ISBN-13: 9780534462901)

By Anne M. Cooper, St Petersburg Junior College. For each chapter of Rathus’s text, the Test Bank offers over 175 multiple-choice questions (including 5 questions covering content found on the Connections CD-ROM), more than 20 fill-in questions, 10 true/false questions, and 5 essay questions, along with answer keys with referenes to main text page numbers, learning objectives, difficulty level, and type of question. The Test Bank also includes a midterm and final exam, which each consists of 50 multiple-choice questions.

Instructor’s Resource Manual  (ISBN-10: 0534462898 | ISBN-13: 9780534462895)

By Cameron John, Utah Valley State College. Thoroughly revised and available in an easy to use 3-ring binder, this manual contains teaching tips, a sample syllabus, activities for the first day of class, an InfoTrac College Edition user guide, a substantially increased number of Web site listings (with brief descriptions), and a Resource Integration Guide that shows instructors chapter by chapter, where to use all the supplements Wadsworth offers. Each chapter contains learning objectives, detailed lecture outlines, concept charts, and a major section called "Ideas for Instruction" which includes lecture topics, classroom activities, and journal entry prompts. Many of these are tied to the Life Connections section of the text. In addition, there is one activity for every item listed in the Theme indexes on the back inside cover of the book.

Research in Action DVD Volume i, 1st Edition 2008  (ISBN-10: 0495595209 | ISBN-13: 9780495595205)

Research in Action features the work of research psychologists to give students an opportunity to learn about cutting-edge research--not just who is doing it, but also how it is done, and how and where the results are being used. By taking students into the laboratories of both established and up-and-coming researchers, and by showing research results being applied outside of the laboratory, these videos offer insight into both the research process and the many ways in which real people’s lives are affected by research in the fields of psychology and neuroscience.

CNN Today Video: Introductory Psychology, Volume V  (ISBN-10: 0534549055 | ISBN-13: 9780534549053)

Launch your lectures with riveting footage from CNN, the world’s leading 24-hour global news television network. These videos allow you to integrate the newsgathering and programming power of CNN into the classroom to show students the relevance of course topics to their everyday lives. Organized by topics covered in a typical course, these videos are divided into short segments, perfect for introducing key concepts. High interest clips are followed by questions designed to spark class discussion.

InfoTrac® College Edition Printed Access Card  (ISBN-10: 0534558534 | ISBN-13: 9780534558536)

This online research and learning center offers over 20 million full-text articles from nearly 6,000 scholarly and popular periodicals. The articles cover a broad spectrum of disciplines and topics--ideal for every type of researcher. Learn more at www.cengage.com/infotrac. (Access code/card required).

Challenging Your Preconceptions: Thinking Critically About Psychology  (ISBN-10: 0534267394 | ISBN-13: 9780534267391)

This supplement supports the development of critical-thinking skills necessary for success in the introductory psychology course. The chapter sequence mirrors the organization of the typical introductory psychology course. In the first chapter, the author identifies seven characteristics of critical thinkers, and in the following chapters he dissects a challenging issue in the discipline and models critical thinking for the reader. Each chapter concludes with an analysis of the process, exercises for the student, and extensive references. This useful volume supports the full semester of the course.

Cross-Cultural Perspectives in Introductory Psychology  (ISBN-10: 0534546536 | ISBN-13: 9780534546533)

With its 27 carefully selected cross-cultural articles, this book enriches the introductory psychology course, helping students to better understand the similarities and differences among the peoples of the world as they relate to psychological principles, concepts, and issues.

Psychology Digital Video Library 3.0 CD-ROM  (ISBN-10: 0495090638 | ISBN-13: 9780495090632)

With this CD-ROM, you have access to classic and contemporary video clips that will enliven your lectures. The CD-ROM offers over 100 clips featuring a broad range of materials such as classic footage of prominent psychologists and demonstrations and simulations of important experiments. A handbook that makes using the library fast and easy accompanies the Psychology Digital Video Library 3.0.

Student Supplements

Connections CD-ROM  (ISBN-10: 0534462944 | ISBN-13: 9780534462949)

Free with every new copy of the text, this free CD features 19 interactive, scored self-assessments keyed to core concepts in the main text. These self-assessments ask real-life questions such as "Are You Blue? A Depression Rating Scale" and "Are You Getting Your Z’s?" The Connections CD also includes over 40 animations and live action videos, each with a set of quick quiz questions.

PsychStudy Instant Access Code  (ISBN-10: 0495003484 | ISBN-13: 9780495003489)

With this e-Pin for PsychStudy for Rathus’s PSYCHOLOGY: CONCEPTS AND CONNECTIONS, you’ll have access to an online learning system that combines diagnostic quizzing, a personalized study plan, and learning modules to save you time and help you improve your performance on exams.

PsychStudy  (ISBN-10: 0495127205 | ISBN-13: 9780495127208)

PsychStudy  (ISBN-10: 053463303X | ISBN-13: 9780534633035)

Study Guide  (ISBN-10: 053446288X | ISBN-13: 9780534462888)

By Lisa Valentino, Seminole Community College Aligned with the PQ4R learning model of Rathus’s text, the Study Guide opens with a "Preview" section, encouraging students to discern their impressions of chapter material. The "Question" section poses learning objectives in an outline format and serves as the foundation for the two subsequent sections, "Reading for Understanding" and "Reflection Breaks." These two sections include cross-relational activities, such as matching and critical thinking exercises, which build on the material just covered. "Expand" pulls together all sections with applied exercises, expanding on the "life connection" theme of the text.

Psyk.Trek 2.0 CD-ROM: A Multimedia Introduction to Psychology  (ISBN-10: 0534275133 | ISBN-13: 9780534275136)

PSYKTREK is a student tutorial organized as individual learning modules that parallel the core content of any introductory psychology course. The intuitive landscape and easy navigation of PSYKTREK encourages students to explore psychological topics, interact with numerous simulations, and participate in classical and contemporary experiments. PSYKTREK is rich with impressive illustrations, animations, and video clips that help students to commit psychological concepts to memory, and contains numerous concept checks with quizzing to help students attain set learning goals.

InfoTrac® College Edition Printed Access Card  (ISBN-10: 0534558534 | ISBN-13: 9780534558536)

Save time, save money, and eliminate the trek to the library and long waits for reserved readings with InfoTrac® College Edition, an online university library of more than 5,000 academic and popular magazines, newspapers, and journals.

Writing with Style: APA Style Made Easy  (ISBN-10: 0534572413 | ISBN-13: 9780534572419)

This accessible and invaluable workbook-style reference guide will help your students smooth the transition from writing for composition classes to writing for psychology classes. Author Lenore T. Szuchman quickly and succinctly provides the basics of APA style in WRITING WITH STYLE. Szuchman’s years of experience teaching writing-intensive courses give her an inside track on the trouble spots students often encounter when writing papers and dealing with APA style. The unique workbook format offers both a quick reference to APA style and interactive exercises that give students a chance to practice what they’ve learned. They’ll be encouraged to use already published articles as models, so they’re introduced to journal sources in a nonthreatening way. Szuchman pinpoints the kinds of errors that are often made, followed by suggested solutions.

Writing for Psychology (with InfoTrac)  (ISBN-10: 0155085549 | ISBN-13: 9780155085541)

WRITING FOR PSYCHOLOGY – A STUDENT’S GUIDE offers concise assistance for students writing their research analyses using APA Style. By providing concrete examples of common errors, the authors are able to show--rather than merely tell--students what to do and what to avoid. This student friendly manual will help students adhere to the basics of American Psychological Association (APA) style; refine critical thinking skills, library search skills, revising skills, editing skills, and proofing skills; and avoid plagiarism. This text is an adaptation of an earlier text published by Robert O’Shea. Checklists for students, which have been praised by reviewers, precede the summary at the end of every chapter, giving students the chance to make sure they have been thorough in their reports.

Challenging Your Preconceptions: Thinking Critically About Psychology  (ISBN-10: 0534267394 | ISBN-13: 9780534267391)

This supplement supports the development of critical thinking skills necessary to succeed in the introductory psychology course. In the first chapter, the author identifies seven characteristics of critical thinkers, and in the following chapters he dissects a challenging issue in the discipline and models critical thinking for the reader. Each chapter concludes with an analysis of the process, exercises, and extensive references.

Careers in Psychology: Opportunities in a Changing World  (ISBN-10: 053461776X | ISBN-13: 9780534617769)

CAREERS IN PSYCHOLOGY helps students answer the pragmatic questions that many psychology majors ask while still in college. The authors encourage students to take an active role in their own career planning, to take control of their education, and to further define their career goals within psychology. Chapters 1 and 2 discuss career opportunities available for those who possess undergraduate and graduate degrees, focusing on the qualifications for different careers within psychology. Subsequent chapters focus on the types of careers available within specific areas of psychology, and include more specifics on the requirements and advantages of each. Practical, applied information appears in every chapter so students have an accurate and useful understanding of the opportunities available to them.

Cross-Cultural Perspectives in Introductory Psychology  (ISBN-10: 0534546536 | ISBN-13: 9780534546533)

With its 27 carefully selected cross-cultural articles, this book enriches the introductory psychology course, helping you to better understand the similarities and differences among the peoples of the world as you relate to psychological principles, concepts, and issues.

The Psychology Major’s Handbook  (ISBN-10: 0155085115 | ISBN-13: 9780155085114)

THE PSYCHOLOGY MAJOR’S HANDBOOK offers undergraduate students the information they need to make informed decisions about whether to pursue psychology as a major and career, and to succeed in psychology. The author encourages the student to become an active learner and take control of his or her education and future. The first chapter introduces students to the scope of psychology and the subspecialties within psychology. It also provides information on the wide range of settings in which psychologists work. Subsequent chapter’s help students assess their skills, abilities, and interests, as well as develop habits and strategies that promote success in psychology classes. Career opportunities at the undergraduate and graduate levels are presented so students can decide whether psychology is an appropriate major for them. Other chapters discuss the world after college including detailed suggestions on how to find a job with a B.A., and how to apply to graduate school.

Clear Thinking with Psychology: Separating Sense from Nonsense  (ISBN-10: 053453659X | ISBN-13: 9780534536596)

Do your students have the tools to distinguish between the true science of human thought and behavior, and pop psychology? Ruscio’s new book provides a tangible and compelling framework for making that distinction. Because we are inundated with "scientific" claims, the author does not merely differentiate science and pseudoscience, but goes further to teach the fundamentals of scientific reasoning on which students can base their evaluation of information.

Writing Papers in Psychology, 6th  (ISBN-10: 0534523951 | ISBN-13: 9780534523954)

For more than a decade, this brief, inexpensive, and easy to use "how-to" manual has helped thousands of students in psychology and related fields with the task of writing term papers and reports. Now even more up to date, this best seller includes a wealth of information and has been updated to reflect the latest APA Style Manual.

Meet the Author

Author Bio

Spencer A. Rathus

Spencer A. Rathus received his Ph.D. from the University at Albany and is on the faculty of The College of New Jersey. His research interests include treatment of obesity and eating disorders, smoking cessation, human growth and development, methods of therapy, and sexual dysfunctions. He is the author of the widely used Rathus Assertiveness Schedule and has written several college textbooks, including Psychology: Concepts & Connections, AIDS: What Every Student Needs to Know, Human Sexuality in a World of Diversity, and Childhood and Adolescence: Voyages in Development.