Cengage Learning

Higher Education

Laboratory Experiments for Introduction to General, Organic and Biochemistry, 7th Edition

  • Frederick A. Bettelheim Adelphi University
  • Joseph M. Landesberg Adelphi University
  • ISBN-10: 0495391964  |  ISBN-13: 9780495391968
  • 656 Pages
  • Previous Editions: 2007, 2004, 2001
  • © 2010 | Published
  • Newer Edition Available
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The 48 experiments in this well-conceived manual illustrate important concepts and principles in general, organic, and biochemistry. As in previous editions, three basic goals guided the development of all the experiments: (1) the experiments illustrate the concepts learned in the classroom; (2) the experiments are clearly and concisely written so that students will easily understand the task at hand, will work with minimal supervision because the manual provides enough information on experimental procedures, and will be able to perform the experiments in a 2-1/2 hour laboratory period; and (3) the experiments are not only simple demonstrations, but also contain a sense of discovery. This edition includes many revised experiments and two new experiments.

Features and Benefits

  • The 48 experiments in this manual illustrate important concepts and principles in general, organic, and biochemistry.
  • The experiments illustrate the concepts learned in the classroom, and are clearly and concisely written.
  • The experiments are not only simple demonstrations, but also contain a sense of discovery.

Table of Contents

1. Laboratory Techniques: Use of Laboratory Gas Burner; Making Laboratory Measurements.
2. Density Determination.
3. Separation of the Components of a Mixture.
4. Resolution of a Mixture by Distillation.
5. The Empirical Formula of a Compound: The Law of Constant Composition.
6. Determination of the Formula of a Metal Oxide.
7. Classes of Chemical Reactions.
8. Chemical Properties of Consumer Products.
9. Calorimetry: The Determination of the Specific Heat of a Metal.
10. Boyle's Law: The Pressure-Volume Relationship of a Gas.
11. Charles's Law: The Volume-Temperature Relationship of a Gas.
12. Properties of Gases: Determination of the Molar Mass of a Volatile Liquid.
13. Physical Properties of Chemicals: Melting Point, Sublimation, and Boiling Point.
14. Solubility and Solutions.
15. Water of Hydration.
16. Factors Affecting Reaction Rates.
17. The Law of Chemical Equilibrium and Le Chatelier's Principle.
18. pH and Buffer Solutions.
19. Analysis of Vinegar by Titration.
20. Analysis of Antacid Tablets.
21. Structure in Organic Compounds: Use of Molecular Models I.
22. Stereochemistry: Use of Molecular Models II.
23. Column and Paper Chromatography: Separation of Plant Pigments.
24. Classification and Identification of Hydrocarbons.
25. Classification and Identification of Alcohols and Phenols.
26. Classification and Identification of Aldehydes and Ketones.
27. Properties of Carboxylic Acids and Esters.
28. Properties of Amines and Amides.
29. Polymerization Reactions.
30. Preparation of Acetylsalicylic Acid (Aspirin).
31. Isolation of Caffeine from Tea Leaves.
32. Carbohydrates.
33. Fermentation of a Carbohydrate: Ethanol from Sucrose.
34. Preparation and Properties of a Soap.
35. Preparation of a Hand Cream.
36. Extraction and Identification of Fatty Acids from Corn Oil.
37. Analysis of Lipids.
38. Separation of Amino Acids by Paper Chromatography.
39. Acid-Base Properties of Amino Acids.
40. Isolation and Identification of Casein.
41. Properties of Enzymes.
42. Neurotransmission: An Example of Enzyme Specificity.
43. Isolation and Identification of DNA from Onion.
44. Viscosity and Secondary Structure of DNA.
45. Beer's Law and Standard Curves.
46. Tyrosinase Enzyme Kinetics.
47. Quantitative Analysis of Vitamin C Contained in Foods.
48. Analysis of Vitamin A in Margarine.
Appendix A: List of Apparatus and Equipment in Student's Locker.
Appendix B: List of Common Laboratory Equipment and Materials in the Laboratory.
Appendix C: Special Equipment and Chemicals.
Appendix D: Spectrometers.

What's New

  • Many of the experiments have been updated.
  • Two new experiments—Beer's Law and Standard Curves, and Tyrosinase Enzyme Kinetics— have been added.
  • Many of the pre- and post-lab questions have been revised.


All supplements have been updated in coordination with the main title. Select the main title's "About" tab, then select "What's New" for updates specific to title's edition.

For more information about these supplements, or to obtain them, contact your Learning Consultant.

Instructor Supplements

Instructor's Manual Online  (ISBN-10: 0495391972 | ISBN-13: 9780495391975)

Available for download on the instructor companion site. Contains answers to pre- and post-lab questions and lab set-up information.

Meet the Author

Author Bio

Frederick A. Bettelheim

Frederick Bettelheim was a distinguished university research professor at Adelphi University and a visiting scientist at the National Eye Institute. He co-authored seven editions of INTRODUCTION TO GENERAL, ORGANIC, AND BIOCHEMISTRY, ORGANIC CHEMISTRY, and several Laboratory Manuals. He is also the author of EXPERIMENTAL PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY and co-author of numerous monographs and research articles. Professor Bettelheim received his Ph.D. from the University of California, Davis.

Joseph M. Landesberg

Joseph M. Landesberg is a professor in the Department of Chemistry at Adelphi University. He came to Adelphi University in the fall of 1966. Prior to that, he was at Columbia University where he took a postdoctoral position with Professor Gilbert Stork. He received his Ph.D. from Harvard University, where he wrote his thesis under the guidance of Professor Roy A. Olofson. Dr. Landesberg did his undergraduate work at Rutgers University.