Click on the icon below which corresponds to the icon in your textbook to see the links for that subject.

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1.1 Science and the Story of the Ocean

Views of Earth - View realtime images of the Earth and Moon from any location in space.
NASA Earth Observing System - Learn more about the first observing system to offer measurements of land surface, biosphere, solid Earth, atmosphere, and oceans.
NASA Mission to Planet Earth - Learn more about why ESE is important. Also, find out upcoming news on scientific discoveries, and glance into historical missions and spacecraft.
Views of the Solar System - Learn detailed facts about the history of our solar system, including pictures of the planets, comets, and asteroids.


1.2 Earth Is An Ocean World

Views of Earth - View realtime images of the Earth and Moon from any location in space.
NASA Earth Observing System - Learn more about the first observing system to offer measurements of land surface, biosphere, solid Earth, atmosphere, and oceans.
NASA Mission to Planet Earth - Learn more about why ESE is important. Also, find out upcoming news on scientific discoveries, and glance into historical missions and spacecraft. 
Planetary Photojournal - View images of Earth from orbiting satellites.


1.3 MARINE SCIENTISTS USE THE LOGIC OF SCIENCE TO STUDY THE OCEAN

Scripps Institution of Oceanography - Learn about physical oceanographic research at SIO in San Diego, CA.
Introduction to Cosmology - Learn about the big bang theory, how old our universe is, how fast our universe is expanding, and many other cosmological questions.
NASA's Origins Program - Learn about science and find out if we are alone in the universe, how we got here, the origin of the universe, and if there are other planets outside our solar system.


1.4 UNDERSTANDING THE OCEAN BEGAN WITH VOYAGING FOR TRADE AND EXPLORATION

Virtual Cartographer - Everything you need to know about how to become a cartographer.
Smithsonian Ocean Planet Exhibit - View images, objects, or take a tour through the Ocean Planet exhibit.
NASA Mission to Planet Earth - Learn more about the first observing system to offer measurements of land surface, biosphere, solid Earth, atmosphere, and oceans.


1.5 Early Peoples Traveled the Ocean for Economic Reasons

TimeAsia.com - Learn more about "Zheng He".
Virtual Cartographer - Everything you need to know about how to become a cartographer.
Smithsonian Ocean Planet Exhibit - View images, objects, or take a tour through the Ocean Planet exhibit.
NASA Mission to Planet Earth - Learn more about the first observing system to offer measurements of land surface, biosphere, solid Earth, atmosphere, and oceans.


1.6 Systematic Study of the Ocean Began at the Library of Alexandria

Astronomy On-Line - Learn how big the Earth is, and how to measure the circumference of the Earth.
Clauduis Ptolemy - Learn about Ptolemy and his mathematical theory of the movements of the sun, moon, and planets.
NASA Earth Observing System - Learn about the EOS program, created by NASA in 1958 to study the Earth and observe changes in atmosphere, oceans, land, ice, and snow, and their impacts on weather and climate.
NASA Mission to Planet Earth - Learn about the first observing system to offer measurements of land surface, biosphere, solid Earth, atmosphere, and oceans.
Views of Earth - View realtime images of the Earth and Moon from any location in space.
American Society of Limnology and Oceanography(ASLO) - Learn about the ASLO organization.
NASA Earth Observing System - Learn more about the first observing system to offer measurements of land surface, biosphere, solid Earth, atmosphere, and oceans.
NASA Mission to Planet Earth - Learn more about why ESE is important. Also, find out upcoming news on scientific discoveries, and glance into historical missions and spacecraft.
NASA/JPL Imaging Radar - Take online quizzes and testing of radar images.
TOPEX/Poseidon Data Files - View images sent from the Earth orbiting Topex/Poseidon oceanographic satellite.


1.7 Eratosthenes Accurately Calculated the Size and Shape of Earth

Clauduis Ptolemy - Learn about Ptolemy and his mathematical theory of the movements of the sun, moon, and planets.


1.8 Box 1.1 Latitude and Longitude

Nova Online - Learn the secrets of ancient navigation, find your longitude, and learn how new technology has shaped how we calculate latitude and longitude.
Early Navigation - Many links to different sites: from all about GPS, Columbus navigation, finding longitude, how to use a compass, and much more.
Latitude - The Art and Science of 15th Century Navigation


1.9 Ocean Seafarers Colonized Distant Islands

Secrets of Easter Island - Learn about one of the most famous islands inhabited by the ancient polynesians.


1.10 Viking Raiders Discovered North America

Nova Online - Online video's and research about the Vikings.


1.11 The Chinese Undertook Organized Voyages of Discovery

Oceansonline - Learn more about "Zheng He".


1.12 Prince Henry Launched the European Age of Discovery

EurekAlert Science News - Find out about the latest news in science, medicine, and technology.
Ferdinand Magellan - Learn about the voyages of Magellan.


1.13 VOYAGING COMBINED WITH SCIENCE TO ADVANCE OCEAN STUDIES

Cosmos in a Computer - Learn how our universe came to where it is today and the ultimate fate of the universe through a video display and pictures.


1.14 Capt. James Cook Was the First Marine Scientist

History of the exploration & settlement of the Northwest Coast - Learn about Cook's voyages and discoveries along the Northwest coast.
Greenwich National Maritime Museum - Learn about the museum, resources, activities, and the Royal Observatory Greenwich, home of Greenwich mean time. 
H.M. Bark Endeavor Foundation - Learn about the ship that Capt. Cook sailed on when he charted the Islands of the Pacific.


1.15 Accurate Determination of Longitude Was the Key to Oceanic Exploration and Mapping

John Harrison - Learn about the Longitude problem.
National Maritime Museum - Learn about the Museum at Greenwich where all four of Harrison's chronometers are on view.
The Royal Observatory - Learn about the Observatory located at "longitude zero."
Latitude - The art and science of 15th century navigation.


1.16 Collecting Sediment and Water Samples Provided Data for Scientific Analysis

Historical Resources in the Atmospheric Sciences - Search through archives, manuscripts, and collections on meteorology in America, and the advancement of science.
Antarctic Explorer's - Sir James Clark Ross


1.17 THE FIRST SCIENTIFIC EXPEDITIONS WERE UNDERTAKEN BY GOVERNMENTS

Dive and Discover: History of Oceanography - Learn about the British expedition in 1872-76.


1.18 The United States Exploring Expedition Helped Establish Natural Science in America

SeaWIFS Images of Earth - Create your own color ocean images for any region of the world.
Dive and Discover: History of Oceanography - Learn about the British expedition in 1872-76.


1.19 Matthew Maury Discovered Worldwide Patterns of Winds and Ocean Currents

American Meteorological Society (AMS) - Learn more about the AMS, including journals, newsletters, awards and scholarships for students.
Fisheries Historical Timeline - Learn about Spencer Baird, resposnible for starting the U.S. Fish Commission and the establishment of state fish commissions. 
The Coast and Geodetic Survey Annual Reports - Learn about the funtions of the coast survey, and read reports dating back to 1844.
Exploring the West from Monticello - An exhibition of maps and navigational instruments from Columbus to Lewis and Clark.


1.20 The Challenger Expedition Was Organized from the First as a Scientific Expedition

Online Literature Library - Learn about Charles Darwin and the voyages of the HMS Beagle.
Dive and Discover: History of Oceanography - Learn about the British expedition in 1872-76
Modern Oceanography - Timeline of modern oceanography.
Project NOPP Drifters - Learn about the National Oceanographic Partnership Program.


1.21 Ocean Studies Have Military Applications

Alfred Thayer Mahan - Life and background of Alfred Thayer Mahan.


1.22 CONTEMPORARY OCEANOGRAPHY MAKE USE OF MODERN TECHNOLOGY

Diving Under Antarctic Ice - Learn about the underwater photography team sponsored by the National Science Foundation Office of Polar Programs.
Frontiers of Cosmology - An introduction to the history of cosmology, the expanding universe, cosmic background radiation, elementary particles, and the Hubble Space Telescope.


1.23 Polar Exploration Advanced Ocean Studies

Diving Under Antarctic Ice - Learn about the underwater photography team sponsored by the National Science Foundation Office of Polar Programs.
Historic Ship Nautilus - Learn all about the USS Nautilus, a nuclear submarine.
Diving Under Antarctic Ice - Learn about the underwater photography team sponsored by the National Science Foundation Office of Polar Programs.
The Expedition of Sir Ernest Shackleton - Learn about a the expedition to cross the Antarctic in 1914 by Sir Ernest Shackleton and the disaster that struck the crew on the first day.
Office of Polar Programs - Links to the National Science Foundation Arctic and Antarctic research and grant opportunities.
Byrd Polar Research Center at Ohio State University - Polar ice sheet status, greenland weather predictions, research, and history of polar exploration.


1.24 Other Twentieth-Century Voyages Contributed to Oceanographic Knowledge

Diving Under Antarctic Ice - Learn about the underwater photography team sponsored by the National Science Foundation Office of Polar Programs.
Historic Ship Nautilus - Learn all about the USS Nautilus, a nuclear submarine.
Frontiers of Cosmology - An introduction to the history of cosmology, the expanding universe, cosmic background radiation, elementary particles, and the Hubble Space Telescope.


1.25 Oceanographic Institutions Arose to Oversee Complex Research Projects

Scripps Institution of Oceanography - History and backround of the institution.
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution - History and background of the institution.
A Brief History of Mote Marine Lab - History and background of the lab.
Southampton Oceanography Centre - History and background of the S.O.C.
Nottingham Marine Biology - Learn about the students, faculty, and classes offered at the Nottingham Marine Biology Department.
MIT - Homepage of the Ocean Engineering Department at MIT.


1.26 Satellites Have Become Important Tools in Ocean Exploration

Mars Global Surveyor Site - Learn about Mars and view current images, mission operations, and science data from mapping the planet.
Hubble Space Telescope Images - View hundreds of images taken from the telescope, from black hole discoveries to the gallery of Planetary Nebulae.
Cosmos in a computer - Learn how our universe came to where it is today and the ultimate fate of the universe through a video display and pictures.
Earth Viewer - Realtime satellite images of day and night.
SSEC: Real Time Satellite Imagery - Satellite images, volcano watch, and links to sea surface temperatures.
CLIVAR - Learn about the CLImate VARiability and Predictibility program.
Tropical Ocean and Global Atmosphere (TOGA) - Learn about the major component of the World Climate Research Program (WCRP) aimed specifically at the prediction of climate phenomena on time scales of months to years.
Coastal Ocean Processes - Learn about the CoOp program.
U.S. GLOBEC - Learn about the Global Ocean Ecosystem Dynamics program organized by oceanographers and fisheries scientists to address the question of how global climate change may affect the abundance and production of animals in the sea.
ODP - Learn about the Ocean Drilling Program.


1.27 Governments and Institutions Cooperate to Fund Major Research Programs

CLIVAR - Learn about the CLImate VARiability and Predictibility program.
Tropical Ocean and Global Atmosphere (TOGA) - Learn about the major component of the World Climate Research Program (WCRP) aimed specifically at the prediction of climate phenomena on time scales of months to years.
Coastal Ocean Processes - Learn about the CoOp program.
U.S. GLOBEC - Learn about the Global Ocean Ecosystem Dynamics program organized by oceanographers and fisheries scientists to address the question of how global climate change may affect the abundance and production of animals in the sea.
ODP - Learn about the Ocean Drilling Program.