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UNDERSTANDING SCIENTIFIC REASONING develops the requisite critical reasoning skills students need to bolster their scientific and technological literacy. The authors teach students how to understand and critically evaluate the scientific information they encounter in both textbooks and the popular media. With its focus on scientific pedagogy, UNDERSTANDING SCIENTIFIC REASONING helps students learn how to examine scientific reports with a reasonable degree of sophistication. The book also explains how to reason through case studies using the same informal logic skills employed by scientists.
Part I: THEORETICAL HYPOTHESES.
1. Understanding and Evaluating Theoretical Hypotheses.
2. Historical Episodes.
3. Marginal Science.
Part II: STATISTICAL AND CAUSAL HYPOTHESES.
4. Statistical Models and Probability.
5. Evaluating Statistical Hypotheses.
6. Causal Models.
7. Evaluating Causal Hypotheses.
Part III: KNOWLEDGE, VALUES, AND DECISIONS.
8. Models of Decision Making.
9. Evaluating Decisions.