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Thoroughly updated to include the latest research available, THEORIES OF PERSONALITY, 10E takes a unique "theory by theory" approach that carefully guides students through major theories on their way to a comprehensive understanding of personality. Richard Ryckman's student-friendly writing style offers a straightforward presentation of major theories, helping readers more easily distinguish between them. The text begins by providing a framework that defines personality and emphasizes the science of personality--including the interrelation between research and theory. Next it introduces each major theoretical position with an objective overview of the theorist's basic concepts and principles. It concludes by noting the ways in which the different theories stimulate additional research efforts and by presenting five current research trends resulting from the work of these earlier theorists. The result is a text that merges the best of classic and contemporary research to equip students with a solid working knowledge of personality.
- Completely revised and updated, every chapter reflects the most current personality research available.
- Chapter 3 "Jung's Analytical Psychology" offers an expanded treatment of the theory of psychological types, including a new presentation of differences in the typology profiles of gifted and non-gifted adolescents.
- Chapter 5 "Horney's Social and Cultural Psychoanalysis" expands the theory and research on the central role played by neurotic competitiveness, i.e., hypercompetitiveness and competition avoidance, in personality development and functioning. It also provides updated treatment of the concept of personal development competition, a psychologically healthy form of competitive attitude.
- Chapter 6 "Erikson's Psychoanalytic Ego Psychology" extends the concept of ego identity statuses to include theory and research on ethnic identity. It emphasizes the struggle by racial/ethnic minorities to reject negative stereotypes of them by the dominant white majority and to take pride in their own racial-ethnic identity.
- Chapter 8 "Allport's Trait Theory" provides increased coverage of the newest developments on the role of religion in the development of the mature human personality.
- Chapter 10 "Eysenck's Biological Typology" introduces the latest research illustrating that divergent and convergent thinking are both necessary for creativity.
- Chapter 16 "Rotter's Expectancy Reinforcement Value Model" offers increased coverage of the newest research on the central role played by locus of control differences in human development and functioning.
- Materials on behavioral genetics and evolutionary theory are updated and increased in Chapter 18. The section on multiculturalism emphasizes the need by clinicians to be more sensitive to the racial/ethnic and religious backgrounds of their clients in order to be more effective in their treatment of them. Increased coverage of the Big Five traits is presented, while theorizing and research in positive psychology is updated and expanded. Additional coverage explores how our understanding of people's major personality characteristics are illuminated through an analysis of their differential usage of the Internet.
- Chapter 14 "May's Existential-Analytic Position" offers an extended discussion of the disintegration of values in modern society.
- Chapter 15 "Skinner's Operant Analysis" includes expanded coverage of the use of positive reinforcement contingencies in research to improve performances in attention deficit/hyperactive children and to reduce unruly behavior in school children.
- Chapter 16 features material focusing on the beneficial role of God mediated control on personality functioning, often in the elderly.
- Chapter 18 "Theory and Research in Contemporary Personality Psychology" offers expansive coverage of behavioral genetics, including the Human Genome Project. It also provides thorough discussions of positive psychology.
- Helping students maximize their course success, pedagogical features include Evaluative Comments that assess the scientific worth of each theory, Critical Thinking Questions, a list of Suggested Readings that instructors can use in substituting or adding pertinent materials, and a Glossary whose items are boldfaced in the text.
- Chapter 1 "Personality and the Scientific Outlook" uses Claude Steele's self affirmation theory and research based on it to illustrate the key terms in deductive theories and the experimental method used to test hypotheses derived from them.
1. Personality and the Scientific Outlook.
PART II: PSYCHOANALYTIC AND NEOANALYTIC PERSPECTIVES.
2. Freud's Psychoanalytic Perspectives.
3. Jung's Analytical Psychology.
4. Adler's Individual Psychology.
5. Horney's Social and Cultural Psychoanalysis.
6. Erikson's Psychoanalytic Ego Psychology.
7. Kohut's Self Psychology.
PART III: TRAIT PERSPECTIVES.
8. Allport's Trait Theory.
9. Cattell's Structure-Based Systems Theory.
10. Eysenck's Biological Typology.
PART IV: COGNITIVE PERSPECTIVES.
11. Kelly's Theory of Personal Constructs.
PART V: HUMANISTIC/EXISTENTIAL PERSPECTIVES.
12. Maslow's Self-Actualization Position.
13. Roger's Person-Centered Theory.
14. May's Existential-Analytic Position.
PART VI: SOCIAL-BEHAVIORISTIC PERSPECTIVES.
15. Skinner's Operant Analysis.
16. Rotter's Expectancy Reinforcement Value Model.
17. Bandura's Social Cognitive Theory.
PART VII: THE ROLE OF THE GRAND THEORIES IN CONTEMPORARY PERSONALITY PSYCHOLOGY.
18. Theory and Research in Contemporary Personality Psychology.
Instructor's Manual with Test Bank
Streamline and maximize the effectiveness of your course preparation using detailed chapter outlines, classroom topics for lecture, discussion, and demonstrations, and learning goals. The comprehensive Test Bank includes 60 multiple-choice, 10 fill-in-the-blank, 10 true/false, and 10 essay questions per chapter.
Helping you quickly create lively classroom presentations, these Microsoft® PowerPoint® slides make it easy for you to incorporate images from the book into your lectures.