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Covering concepts from grammar through essay writing, THE WRITER'S WORKPLACE WITH READINGS: BUILDING COLLEGE WRITING SKILLS is the most comprehensive and engaging text available for the beginning writing student. Based on many years of classroom teaching and research, this approachable text reflects the authors' goal of building and sustaining students' confidence in their writing by breaking down difficult writing concepts into easy-to-read, step-by-step explanations. Mastery Tests at the end of each grammar and mechanics chapter reinforce new concepts, and Working Together activities provide instructors with easy-to-incorporate lessons designed for group work and lively class discussions. Writing examples and exercises include new high interest topics such as career-related writing, college sports and money, and the challenges facing veterans. The ninth edition also includes comprehensive strategies for active reading, seven new readings, and updated MLA citation instruction.
- This edition has been revised with an eye to even greater relevance, relatability, and student engagement. New practice activities and exercises have been added to every chapter. New examples provide a richer context to each writing lesson. The scope and diversity of themes and topics reflect the evolving concerns of the book's users. In addition, an improved design enhances clarity and ease of use.
- An updated and restructured Appendix A, "Reference Guide for the ESOL Student," provides a complete learning experience for ESOL learners. The guide includes a more accessible design layout of charts and tables, enriched examples for clarity and student comprehension, an idiomatic expression table, more instruction on gerunds and infinitives, solutions for confusing prepositions (in and on), and enhanced treatment of verbs with stative meanings.
- Part 6, "Summarizing Short Texts Across the Disciplines," is revised with new readings carefully curated to help develop the important skill of summarizing. Accompanied by a series of activities directly related to other college courses, these ten short texts are excerpted from a variety of disciplines, such as education, psychology, and anthropology.
- The completely rewritten "Strategies for the Active Reader" in Part 7, "Further Readings for the College Writer," includes an opening paragraph to contextualize the authors' already comprehensive reading strategies. Increased attention is paid to evolving technologies and the adaptive techniques students must learn to engage positively with the digital educational environment. The section includes screen and digital reading strategies, context clues, instructions on how to use a dictionary, and revised and expanded vocabulary instruction to improve reading skills.
- Six new readings (Part 7) broaden the range of topics and styles for greater relevance. They include the science essay "Space Food" by Scott M. Smith, et al.; the highly entertaining essay "The Huge, Bee-Decapitating Hornet" by Matt Simon; a non-conformist call to arms, "If I Feel Uncomfortable, I Must Be Doing Something Right" by Elliot Begoun; the deeply personal "The Perils of Being Too Nice" by Jen Kim; the confrontational "Ban Computers and Cell Phones from Classrooms" by Dr. Ira Hyman; and an examination of self and society in "Why I Decided to Buy a Handgun" by Trevor Hughes.
- Working Together and Portfolio Suggestions include freshly cultivated readings and improved activities to assure that the content is pertinent and appealing. Several new topics for the Working Together feature call for the discussion of and written response to current issues of interest to today's college students: career-related writing, college sports and money, and the challenges facing many veterans.
- Chapter 33, "Other College Writing: The Research Paper and the Essay Exam," includes updated MLA citation instruction and revised criteria based on the newly released MLA Handbook, Eighth Edition.
- Carefully constructed practices, exercises, and mastery tests address different rates of learning. The extensive practice and exercise sets follow each concept so that students can practice mastering the material just covered before moving on to the next topic. Each concept builds on what has been mastered in the previous section. Exercises teaching grammar skills use continuous discourse. The answer key provides answers to all practices and to approximately one-third of the exercises, allowing students to manage their progress.
- The end-of-chapter Working Together activity provides instructors with an additional or alternative lesson plan that encourages critical thinking and collaborative learning. These activities tend to stress college issues (for example, hazing) and job-related issues (for example, sexual harassment). Portfolio suggestions complement the feature and encourage students to gather and save all their writing efforts for evaluation purposes and also for ongoing and future writing projects.
- Editing Student Writing exercises (Chapters 4 through 13) serve as a cumulative review. Each asks students to analyze student writing by identifying and correcting errors using editing symbols.
- Each chapter in Part 4 (which is organized to follow the classic rhetorical modes) explains the basic elements needed to develop a paragraph using a particular rhetorical pattern. A step-by-step method then guides students to the constructions of basic paragraphs or essays. Accessible professional models with inspiriting and sometimes provocative content precede a list of writing topics. These models encourage students to compose their own creative paragraphs that demonstrate their skill with each mode. Many instructors who have used this text consider this section to be the heart of the book.
- Writing practice includes topics relevant to students' academic experience. Each chapter engages students in discussion and writing on an issue directly related to factors that determine success in college. Ten brief texts from a variety of disciplines offer opportunities for students to learn how to summarize college textbook material. Students also analyze typical essay exam questions and develop strategies for writing the answers under the pressures of a time constraint, and learn skills (quoting, paraphrasing, summarizing, avoiding plagiarism) critical to writing a research paper.
- The text emphasizes elements of effective writing, including how to write strong thesis statements by narrowing a topic and finding the controlling idea, and how to construct introductory and concluding paragraphs. Students also learn how to make precise and appropriate word choices, and have a unique opportunity to develop an essay of their own as they follow each part of a model student essay on the same topic. Students can compare the quality of their own work at each stage with the work of the model student.
- The book's focus on the process of writing is accompanied by an active reading approach. "Strategies for the Active Reader," which begins Part 7, emphasizes the importance of active reading for the developmental writing student. One of the essays, the classic "How to Mark a Book" by Mortimer Adler, makes the case for active reading. Students are encouraged to become more engaged in the texts they are reading and to place more emphasis on their critical thinking skills.
- Twenty-one high-interest essays (Part 7, "Further Readings for the College Writer") support the work of the book. Each reading illustrates a particular rhetorical mode, and is preceded by introductory notes to help students understand and appreciate the background and context. Two sets of questions for each reading guide instructors through classroom work. Questions for Critical Thinking concentrate on the structure of each piece, while Writing in Response stimulates critical reaction to the themes and leads to a number of challenging writing opportunities.
- Five appendices offer a wealth of pertinent and useful reference material, and are especially valuable for speakers of English as a second language. The first appendix deals with specific issues for ESOL, while the others include material on parts of speech, irregular verbs, spelling, and transitions. Together, these sections serve as a resource for students who find themselves in other courses that require coherent writing.
- Students learn early on that writing is a process, engaging from the very start in short skill-building activities that give them opportunities to practice the techniques and concepts taught throughout the book.
- The comprehensive language development section features careful sequencing of topics, building from less complex to more complex concepts as students proceed from nouns and verbs, to phrases and fragments, to coordination and subordination. After absorbing this material, students will be able to discuss, analyze, and edit their own writing, as well as better understand instructors' comments on the papers they submit.
1. Gathering Ideas for Writing.
Overview of the Writing Process. Journal Writing. Entry from The Diary of Latoya Hunter. Focused Freewriting. Brainstorming, Clustering, and Outlining. Student Essay. Conducting Interviews and Surveys. Working Together: Taking a Survey.
2. Recognizing the Elements of Good Writing.
The Subject: What the Writing Is About. Purpose: The Writer''s Intention. Audience: The Writer''s Intended Readers. Voice: How the Writer''s Attitude is Revealed. Unity: All Parts Relating to the Central Theme. Coherence: Clear and Logical Progression of Thought. Working Together: Knowing Your Audience.
Part II: CREATING EFFECTIVE SENTENCES.
3. Finding Subjects and Verbs in Simple Sentences.
What Is a Complete Sentence? How Do You Find the Subject of a Sentence? How Do You Find the Verb of a Sentence? How Do You Identify the Parts of Speech? Mastery and Editing Tests. Working Together: Crossword Puzzle.
4. Making Subjects and Verbs Agree.
What Is Subject-Verb Agreement? Subject-Verb Agreement with Personal Pronouns. Subject-Verb Agreement with the Verbs Do and Be. Subject-Verb Agreement with Hard-to-Find Subjects. Subject-Verb Agreement with Collective Nouns. Subject-Verb Agreement with Indefinite Pronouns. Subject-Verb Agreement with Compound Subjects. Subject-Verb Agreement with Unusual Nouns. Mastery and Editing Tests. Working Together: Focused Freewriting.
5. Understanding Fragments and Phrases.
What Is a Fragment? How Do You Correct a Fragment? What Is a Phrase and How Many Kinds of Phrases Are There? The Three Functions of the Present Participle. How Do You Make a Complete Sentence from a Fragment That Contains a Participle? Mastery and Editing Tests. Working Together: Examining an Advertisement for Fragments.
6. Combining Sentences Using Coordination.
What Is Coordination? First Option for Coordination: Using a Comma Plus a Coordinating Conjunction. Second Option for Coordination: Using a Semicolon, an Adverbial Conjunction, and a Comma. Third Option for Coordination: Using a Semicolon. Mastery and Editing Tests. Working Together: Causes and Effects.
7. Combining Sentences Using Subordination.
What Is Subordination? The Difference Between an Independent Clause and a Dependent Clause. Using Subordinating Conjunctions. Using Relative Pronouns. Mastery and Editing Tests. Working Together: Narrowing the Topic Through Group Discussion.
8. Correcting Fragments and Run-Ons.
What Is a Fragment? How Many Kinds of Fragments Are There? How Do You Make a Complete Sentence from a Fragment? What Is a Run-On? Mastery and Editing Tests. Working Together: Discussion and Summary.
9. Choosing Correct Pronouns.
Pronouns and Case. Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement. Mastery and Editing Tests. Working Together: Discussion and Summary.
10. Working with Adjectives, Adverbs, and Parallel Structure.
What Is the Difference Between an Adjective and an Adverb? Adjectives and Adverbs Used in Comparisons. The Most Commonly Confused Adjectives and Adverbs. Misplaced and Dangling Modifiers. Misplaced Modifiers. Dangling Modifiers. Avoiding the Double Negative with the Adverb not and other Negative Words. Parallel Structure: Making a Series of Words, Phrases, or Clauses Balanced Within the Sentence. Mastery and Editing Tests. Working Together: Preparing and Editing a Résumé.
11. Mastering Irregular Verb Forms.
What Are the Principal Parts of Irregular Verbs? Practicing Fifty Irregular Verbs. More Irregular Verbs. Mastery and Editing Tests. Working Together: Preparing for a Job Interview.
12. Using Verb Tenses Correctly.
How Many Verb Tenses Are There in English? How Do You Use The Present Perfect and the Past Perfect Tenses? What Is the Sequence of Tenses? Avoiding Unnecessary Shifts in Verb Tense. What Is the Difference Between the Passive Voice and the Active Voice? What Is the Subjunctive Mood? Knowing How to Use should/would, can/could, will/would, and used to/supposed to. Mastery and Editing Tests. Working Together: Problem Solving: Integrity in the Workplace.
13. Learning the Rules for Capitalization and Punctuation.
Ten Basic Rules of Capitalization. Ten Basic Uses of the Comma. Three Uses for the Apostrophe. Four Uses for Quotation Marks. Three Uses for the Semicolon. Four Uses for the Colon. Use of Dashes and Parentheses. Mastery and Editing Tests. Working Together.
Part III: UNDERSTANDING THE POWER OF WORDS.
14. Choosing Words That Work. Using Words Rich in Meaning. Understanding Loaded Words: Denotation/Connotation. Wordiness: In Writing, Less Can Be More! Recognizing Language Appropriate for Formal Writing. Studying a Student Essay for Word Choices. Mastery and Editing Tests. Working Together: Being Tactful in the Workplace.
15. Paying Attention to Look-Alikes and Sound-Alikes.
Group I: Words That Sound Alike. Group II: Words That Sound Alike. Group III: Contractions That Sound Like Other Words. Group IV: Words That Sound or Look Almost Alike. Group V: Words That Sound or Look Almost Alike. Group VI: lay/lie, raise/rise, and set/sit. Mastery and Editing Tests. Working Together: Examining the Issue of Plagiarism.
Part IV: CREATING EFFECTIVE PARAGRAPHS.
16. Working with Paragraphs: Topic Sentences and Controlling Ideas. What Is a Paragraph? What Is a Topic Sentence? What Is a Controlling Idea? Mastery and Editing Tests.
17. Working with Paragraphs: Supporting Details.
What Is a Supporting Detail? How Do You Choose Supporting Details? Avoiding Restatement of the Topic Sentence. How Do You Make Supporting Details Specific? Working Together: Peer Editing.
18. Developing Paragraphs: Illustration.
What Is Illustration? Where Does the Writer Find Examples? Achieving Coherence. Writing a Paragraph Using a Step-by-Step Approach to Illustration. Studying Model Paragraphs to Create Paragraphs Using Illustration. Working Together: Researching Examples.
19. Developing Paragraphs: Narration.
What Is Narration? Using Narration to Make a Point. Achieving Coherence. Writing a Narrative Paragraph Using a Step-by-Step Approach. Studying Model Paragraphs to Create Paragraphs Using Narration. Working Together: Telling Stories That Make a Point.
20. Developing Paragraphs: Description.
What Is Description? Working with Description. Achieving Coherence: Putting Details in Spatial Order. Writing a Descriptive Paragraph Using a Step-by-Step Approach. Studying Model Paragraphs to Create Descriptive Paragraphs. Working Together: Description.
21. Developing Paragraphs: Process Analysis.
What Is Process Analysis? Making Sure All the Steps Are Included. Achieving Coherence.
Writing a Process Paragraph Using a Step-by-Step Approach. Studying Model Paragraphs to Create Process Paragraphs. Working Together: Process: Building a Team.
22. Developing Paragraphs: Comparison/Contrast.
What Is Comparison/Contrast? Choosing a Two-Part Topic. Achieving Coherence: Two Approaches to Ordering Material. Achieving Coherence: Using Transitions. Writing a Comparison/Contrast Paragraph Using a Step-by-Step Approach. Studying Model Paragraphs to Create Comparison or Contrast Paragraphs. Working Together: Contrast.
23. Developing Paragraphs: Cause and Effect.
What Is Cause and Effect? Recognizing Terms That Signal Cause and Effect. Avoiding Errors in Logic. Achieving Coherence: Using Transitions. Writing a Cause-and-Effect Paragraph Using a Step-by-Step Approach. Studying Model Paragraphs to Create Cause-and-Effect Paragraphs. Working Together: Looking at Immediate and Long-Term Effects.
24. Developing Paragraphs: Definition and Analysis.
What Is Definition? Defining by Negation. Defining with Examples. Defining with Analysis or Extended Definition. Writing a Definition Paragraph Using a Step-by-Step Approach. Studying Model Paragraphs to Create Definition Paragraphs. Working Together: Definition.
25. Developing Paragraphs: Classification.
What Is Classification? Finding the Basis for Classification. Making Distinct Categories. Making the Classification Complete. Making Sure the Classification Has a Useful Purpose.
Achieving Coherence. Writing a Classification Paragraph Using a Step-by-Step Approach. Studying Model Paragraphs to Create Classification Paragraphs. Working Together: Classification.
Part V: STRUCTURING THE COLLEGE ESSAY.
26. Moving from the Paragraph to the Essay.
What Is a College Essay? What Is a Thesis Statement? Creating an Effective Thesis Statement. Writing an Effective Introductory Paragraph. Achieving Coherence. Writing an Effective Concluding Paragraph. A Note About Titles. Working Together: Planning the Parts of an Essay.
27. Following the Progress of a Student Essay.
The Assignment: Description of a School Experience. Step 1: Using Prewriting Techniques to Explore What You Know About the Topic. Step 2: Finding the Controlling Idea for the Thesis Statement. Step 3: Deciding on the Topic Sentences for Three or More Body Paragraphs. Step 4: Writing the Introductory Paragraph. Step 5: Studying the Student Essay for Paragraph Development. Step 6: Putting the Draft into Essay form with a Concluding Paragraph. Step 7: Revising the Draft Using Peer Evaluation. Step 8: Proofreading the Final Essay for Errors and Omissions. Working Together: Peer Editing.
28. Writing an Essay Using Examples, Illustrations, or Anecdotes.
Exploring the Topic: Living with a Disability. Reading a Model Essay with Examples, Illustrations, or Anecdotes. Writing an Essay Using Examples, Illustrations, or Anecdotes. Working Together: Brainstorming for Examples.
29. Writing an Essay Using Narration.
Exploring the Topic: A Lasting Childhood Memory. Reading a Model Essay with Narrative Elements. Writing an Essay Using Narration. Working Together: Sharing Our Narratives.
30. Writing an Essay Using Process Analysis.
Exploring the Topic: Preparing for a Job Interview. Reading a Model Essay with Steps in a Process. Writing an Essay Using Process Analysis (How to . . .). Working Together: Deciding on a Logical Order.
31. Writing an Essay Using Comparison/Contrast.
Exploring the Topic: Men and Women Look at Beauty. Reading a Model Essay That Uses Comparison/Contrast. Writing an Essay Using Comparison/Contrast. Working Together: Contrasting Men and Women.
32. Writing an Essay Using Persuasion.
What Is Persuasion? Working Together: Analyzing a Newspaper Editorial.
33. Other College Writing: The Research Paper and the Essay Exam.
How to Write and Document A Research Paper. How to Take An Essay Exam: Writing Well Under Pressure. Working Together: Incorporating Sources.
Part VI: SUMMARIZING SHORT TEXTS ACROSS THE DISCIPLINES.
Part VII: FURTHER READINGS FOR THE COLLEGE WRITER.
Strategies for the Active Reader. Narration. Description. Example/Illustration. Process. Comparison/Contrast. Cause and Effect. Definition and Analysis. Classification. Argumentation/Persuasion.
A. Reference Guide for the ESOL Student.
Using the Articles a, an, and the. English Word Order. The Idiomatic Use of Prepositions. Special Problems with English Verbs. ESOL Word Confusions. Other ESOL Concerns Addressed in The Writer''s Workplace.
B. Parts of Speech.
C. Irregular Verbs.
Forming the Plurals of Nouns. Adding Endings to Words Ending in y. Learning to Spell ie or ei Words. When Should the Final Consonant of a Word Be Doubled? Is It One Word or Two? Spelling Commonly Mispronounced Words. Spelling Two Hundred Tough Words.
Rhetorical Table of Contents.
Answer Key to Practices and Selected Exercises.
"Love this [end of book anthology] -- [it] has some great essays that I use in my class for our reading selection."
"I love the exercises and the way the book teaches the material in a step-by-step, easy-to-understand way. The exercises are really good, and I use them for in-class group work."
"Excellent strategies. Inspirational for further/continuous reading."
Cengage provides a range of supplements that are updated in coordination with the main title selection. For more information about these supplements, contact your Learning Consultant.
Instructor's Companion Website
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