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Known for its currency and clear writing style, THE PRINCIPLES OF LEARNING AND BEHAVIOR provides a comprehensive and systematic introduction to elementary forms of learning that have been the focus of research for much of the twentieth century. The book closely reflects the field of research it represents in terms of topics covered, theories discussed, and experimental paradigms described. Thoroughly updated with recent research and a new neuroscience box in each chapter, the seventh edition covers such topics as habituation, classical conditioning, instrumental conditioning, stimulus control, and aversive control as well as their applications to the study of cognition and to the alleviation of behavior problems. Biological constraints on learning are integrated throughout the text, as are applications boxes that relate animal research to human learning and behavior.
- A neuroscience box has been added to each chapter. These new boxes have been organized by Professor James Grau (Professor of Psychology and Faculty of Neuroscience at Texas A&M University) to tell a coherent and progressively unfolding story throughout the book of the neuroscience of learning. Topics include eyeblink conditioning and the search for the engram (Ch. 3), learned helplessness (Ch. 5), hippocampal function and long-term potentiation (Ch. 8), genes and learning (Ch. 11), and the neurobiology of time (Ch. 12). This material can easily be omitted if preferred.
- Chapter 10, "Aversive Control: Avoidance and Punishment," features an expanded and updated section on predatory imminence, including human behavioral and neurobiological research. There's also a new section on the expectancy theory of avoidance, in light of recent human research emphasizing this theory.
- Chapter 11, "Comparative Cognition I: Memory Mechanisms," includes a discussion of the role of reward magnitude in controlling remembering. It also features new examples and figures to highlight recent research showing that the brain mechanisms of imagining the future are similar to those of remembering the past.
- In addition to updated information about the neuroscience of learning and memory, new research on aspects of basic learning phenomena dictated numerous changes in this edition. For instance, there's new information on habit formation and automatic processing, epigenetic influences on behavior, pathological fear and post-traumatic stress disorder, voucher-based programs for the treatment of substance abuse, self-control, ways to enhance extinction, memory mechanisms, and various special topics in comparative cognition.
- Chapter 3, "Classical Conditioning: Foundations," includes new emphasis on Pavlovian conditioning as a modification of the response to the unconditioned stimulus. This unique discussion represents one of the cutting edge new perspectives on Pavlovian conditioning.
- Chapter 4, "Classical Conditioning: Mechanisms," contains an updated section on latent inhibition that emphasizes its link to schizophrenia as well as to the discussion of higher-order conditioning and sensory preconditioning. A revised section on the Rescorla-Wagner model more clearly explains its relevance to error-correction mechanisms in robotics.
- Chapter 5, "Instrumental Conditioning: Foundations," provides a new example of behavior in a T-maze, illustrating how the T-maze can be used to study whether rat pups can learn where their mother is located. The chapter also includes new example of the conditioning of variable responding (using human participants rather than lab rats) and an updated boxed feature on the detrimental effects of reward.
- Chapter 6, "Schedules of Reinforcement and Choice Behavior," includes a revised section on self-control with new human examples and figures.
- Chapter 7, "Instrumental Conditioning: Motivational Mechanisms," is updated with discussions of the associative structure of instrumental conditioning, including new references to both behavioral and neuroscience studies. It also includes expanded and updated discussion of response allocation, behavioral economics, and S–O and R–O associations in drug addiction.
- Chapter 8, "Stimulus Control of Behavior," has a new section on stimulus equivalence that clarifies the material, including new references and a newly designed diagram of common response training.
- Chapter 9, "Extinction of Conditioned Behavior," includes an expanded section on enhancing extinction, reflecting the great deal of interest in this topic, especially from a translational research standpoint.
- The book presents the basic principles of learning and the latest relevant research available in a clear and reader-friendly style. Complex ideas are introduced with analogies and concepts are illustrated with examples from daily life.
- Each topic is carefully organized, moving from simple to more complex paradigms, concepts, and theories.
- Chapter outlines, previews, concluding comments, and a glossary of key terms reinforce student learning. In addition, numerous figures and illustrations enhance understanding, particularly for visual learners.
2. Elicited Behavior, Habituation, and Sensitization.
3. Classical Conditioning: Foundations.
4. Classical Conditioning: Mechanisms.
5. Instrumental Conditioning: Foundations.
6. Schedules of Reinforcement and Choice Behavior.
7. Instrumental Conditioning: Motivational Mechanisms.
8. Stimulus Control of Behavior.
9. Extinction of Conditioned Behavior.
10. Aversive Control: Avoidance and Punishment.
11. Comparative Cognition I: Memory Mechanisms.
12. Comparative Cognition II: Special Topics.
Cengage provides a range of supplements that are updated in coordination with the main title selection. For more information about these supplements, contact your Learning Consultant.
These vibrant Microsoft® PowerPoint® lecture slides for each chapter assist you with your lecture, by providing concept coverage using images, figures, and tables directly from the textbook.
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