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With enlightening examples and illustrations drawn from counseling literature, RESEARCH DESIGN IN COUNSELING, 4th Edition facilitates a conceptual understanding of research design as well as the important role of science in counseling and counseling psychology today. In doing so, the text fully addresses the strengths and weaknesses of all of the major designs, and focuses on a broad array of methodological issues. In addition to introducing students to the existing scientific literature in counseling and counseling psychology, the authors address professional writing, ethics, and research training. Heppner, Wampold, Owen, Thompson, and Wang's evenhanded approach provides students with an understanding of the various types of research, including both quantitative and qualitative approaches. Writing more than just a how-to book, the authors present a compelling rationale for the necessity of conducting research, and persuasively promote the necessity for greater integration of science and practice to enhance the effectiveness of both science and practice in counseling and counseling psychology.
- This edition reflects the work of five well-established authors in counseling and counseling psychology. Heppner and Wampold continue to provide the primary vision for the textbook, but now in collaboration with three rising stars in the profession. The combination of their areas of expertise provides a deep and rich conceptual understanding of research design, with an emphasis on acknowledging the strengths and weaknesses of all the designs.
- Although the strength of the book rests on the presentation of numerous intricacies of quantitative designs, an updated and expanded Chapter 16 presents a compelling need for qualitative research. The chapter also offers detailed illustrations of the most commonly used qualitative methods in counseling and counseling psychology, providing students with an excellent introduction to qualitative methods.
- Chapter 17 is a totally new chapter that introduces the use of mixed methods research designs in counseling. The chapter reviews primary characteristics of this design and describes practical considerations inherent in conducting mixed methods research.
- Chapters 20 and 21 present a wide array of methodological issues related to process and outcome research, including relevant updates on clinical trials, control groups, manualization of treatments, adherence, competence, and psychopharmacological groups; and discusses issues related to evidence-based practice.
- Chapters are now organized into four major categories to help students systematically approach the basic content areas needed to become an educated and skillful researcher: (a) Philosophical, Ethical, Training, and Professional Issues; (b) Getting Started: Establishing the Foundation for a Study; (c) Major Research Designs; and (d) Methodological Issues.
- Each chapter contains the most up-to-date information that students need for utilizing the different research designs, including concrete illustrations. Updated references and a broad array of diversity and cross-cultural examples provide students with relevant information about the counseling and counseling psychology literature.
- New learning aids include boxed inserts with questions and applications of the material as well as chapter-ending stimulus questions for additional reflection to enhance student comprehension and retention.
- Chapter 2 is devoted to graduate research training, and addresses the concerns and misconceptions about both science and research in counseling and counseling psychology. The authors highlight the current research on this topic, and discuss implications for students' development in acquiring research competencies. The chapter also includes stories from a diverse group of seasoned researchers who share critical aspects of their research journey.
- The updated Chapter 3, which covers ethical issues, is centered on the most recent APA and ACA ethical guidelines, and provides a great deal of information about what students must know about ethical issues throughout all stages of their research.
- A greatly expanded chapter on multicultural research (Chapter 9) raises many critical conceptual and methodological issues for researchers to consider in both U.S.–based multicultural research and cross-cultural or cross–national research. The chapter emphasizes multiculturalism from a broad perspective that includes multiple identities and the intersection of identities. It also provides the long overdue contextualization of the research findings in counseling and counseling psychology.
- Chapter 10, "Scale Construction," provides easy-to-follow guidelines and practical examples that help to demystify scale development processes. The chapter is critical for researchers who are conducting scale construction projects, as well as for those who want to understand more about the psychometric properties of existing inventories and promote multicultural understanding in the processes.
- Chapter 13, "Quantitative Descriptive Designs," now includes some of the latest thinking and writing about the importance of examining mediating and moderating variables in research. These updated designs address the latest issues in all of the "regression family" designs.
- This text's comprehensive coverage of research design includes both quantitative and qualitative research, a wide array of methodological issues, process and outcome research, single-subject and survey research, and program evaluation. The authors also provide guidance on the process of becoming a successful researcher and on learning to write scientifically.
- A strong emphasis on diversity issues and on conducting research within different cultural contexts reflects the increasing breadth of knowledge in the counseling profession as well as the increasing complexities required in designing effective research.
- Beginning graduate students receive an overview of a wide array of key historical and current studies conducted by many of the foremost researchers in the profession; students not only acquire knowledge of research design, but also become familiar with many of the top researchers in the field.
- Statistical methods, integrated throughout the text, center on the ways in which counselors can use statistical methods across different research designs.
- The chapter on program evaluation introduces students to employing research design in conducting program evaluation, for both formative and summative reports. This chapter is very applied, and based on the experience of authors in the field.
1. Science and Counseling.
2. Research Training.
3. Ethical Issues in Counseling Research.
4. Professional Writing.
Part II: GETTING STARTED: ESTABLISHING THE FOUNDATION FOR A STUDY.
5. Identifying and Operationalizing Research Topics.
6. Choosing Research Designs.
7. Validity Issues in Research Design.
8. Population Issues.
9. Conceptual and Methodological Issues Related to Multicultural Research.
10. Scale Construction.
Part III: MAJOR RESEARCH DESIGNS.
11. True Experimental Designs.
12. Quasi-Experimental and Time Series Designs.
13. Quantitative Descriptive Designs.
14. Analogue Research.
15. Single-Subject Designs.
16. Qualitative Designs.
17. Mixed Methods.
Part IV: METHODOLOGICAL ISSUES.
18. Designing and Evaluating the Independent Variable.
19. Designing or Choosing/Selecting the Dependent Variable.
20. Outcome Research: Strategies and Methodological Issues.
21. Design Issues Related to Counseling Process Research.
22. Program Evaluation.
23. Investigator, Experimenter, and Participant Bias.
Appendix A: Ethical Standards of the American Counseling Association.
Appendix B: Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct.
"The authors present the various concepts and issues with language and examples that encourage interest and passion for the process of research while simultaneously stressing the importance of ethically and professionally sound practices. This book is ideal for graduate students, novice researchers, and seasoned researchers alike, with each taking away something valuable from the contents."
"Research Design in Counseling is a top quality research methods textbook that is specifically targeted to counselors. It was written in an approachable way to aid counselors in understanding the research process and different research methods. It is comprehensive in scope, detailed in description, and useful during the class to learn the material as well as helpful as a reference long after the final grades are posted."