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For over 30 years, READINGS FOR WRITERS has been the preeminent rhetorical reader for the freshman composition course. This bestseller continues its tradition of providing comprehensive coverage of the writing and research process, while also offering a wide variety of appealing readings. With more than 100 selections from a broad range of topics and genres, this text offers something to spark excitement in any writer.
- This edition features a streamlined presentation as well as enhanced coverage of critical thinking throughout.
- Twelve new professional readings and four new student essays engage students with a range of topics and voices, and many new images help students understand the effects and uses of visual rhetoric.
- New Synthesis Chapter.
- Two new issues for critical thinking and debate--self-image and online dating--as well as updated issues for critical thinking and debate throughout should jumpstart vigorous debates that stimulate writing.
- Updated coverage of MLA and APA documentation styles in Part Four, "Special Writing Projects," helps students correctly apply the latest citation guidelines when writing in various disciplines. This section also features a new annotated student MLA research paper on copyright law and Google Book Search.
- A new "Pointer from a Pro" feature throughout offers pithy writing advice from writers who have perfected their craft.
- "Punctuation Workshop" features give students practice with the most common punctuation marks, such as commas, semicolons, and dashes.
- "Student Corner" features showcase the development of real student essays, along with commentary and corresponding writing tips.
- Each chapter ends with Chapter Writing Assignments, Writing Assignments for a Specific Audience, and an Image Gallery Writing Assignment, giving students the opportunity to use what they have learned in a variety of ways.
- Within the reader, students will discover more than 100 readings from multiple genres, including poems, newspaper columns, diary entries, formal arguments, student essays, biographies, speeches, and excerpts from books, paragraphs, emails, and short stories.
- The authors' unique labeling system--which categorizes selections as offering advice, a topic for discussion, an example, or an issue for critical thinking and debate--gives students a roadmap for using each reading effectively.
- To illustrate the planning and forethought required of successful writers, each selection is introduced by a rhetorical thumbnail, a biographical note about the author, and a contextual note about the subject being discussed.
- Related graphics contained in each "Issue for Critical Thinking and Debate" section jumpstart students' thinking about the topic, ensuring lively classroom discussions.
1. Reading Critically. Kinds of Reading. Steps to Critical Reading. Read Actively. Demystify the Writer. Understand What You Read. Imagine an Opposing Point of View for All Opinions. Look for Biases and Hidden Assumptions. Separate Emotion from Fact. If the Issue Is New to You, Look up the Facts. Use Insights from One Subject to Illuminate or Correct Another. Evaluate the Evidence. Ponder the Values behind a Claim. Recognize Logical Fallacies. Don''t Be Seduced by Bogus Claims. Annotate Your Reading. Finally, Be Sure You Understand the Writer''s Opening Context. Answers to Critical Reading Questions on Andy Rooney. Hidden within Technology''s Empire, a Republic of Letters / Saul Bellow.
2. Rhetoric: The Art of Persuasion. Road Map to Rhetoric. Grammar and Rhetoric. The Importance of Good Grammar. Letting the Habits of Literate Writers Be the Final Referee. Exercises. The Importance of Rhetoric. Audience and Purpose. The Internal Reader/Editor. Levels of English. Writing as a Process. Writing about Visual Images. Advice. What--and How--to Write When You Have No Time to Write / Donald Murray. Examples. I Have a Dream / Martin Luther King, Jr. Letter to Horace Greeley / Abraham Lincoln. Have a Cigar / James Herriot. Chapter Writing Assignments. Pointer from a Pro: Write Often. Real-Life Student Writing. E-Mail from Samoa.
3. Synthesis: Incorporating Outside Sources. Road Map to Synthesis. Building Blocks of Incorporating Outside Sources. Paraphrase. Exercises. Summary. Exercises. Quotation. Exercises. Guidelines for Effectively Synthesizing Outside Sources. Guidelines for Thinking and Reading Critically. Guidelines for Improving Your Writing. Writers at Work: Strategies for Incorporating Outside Sources. Writers at Work: Using Paraphrase and Summary. Writers at Work: Using Quotations. Chapter Writing Assignments: Writing a Synthesis Essay. Sources. The American Dream/Martin C. Jischke. The Death of Horatio Alger/Paul Krugman. By Our Own Bootstraps/ W. Michael Cox and Richard Alm. How the U.S. Stacks Up Against Other Wealthy, Industrialized Nations/Richard Wilkinson and Katie Pickett. Long Live the American Dream/Shikha Dalmia. Deer Hunting with Jesus/Joe Bageant. Worth and Net Worth/Richard Todd. Epilogue: The American Dream/James Truslow Adams. Essay Prompts. Suggestions for Additional Reading.
4.The Writer''s Voice. Road Map to Writer''s Voice. Why Did the Chicken Cross the Road? Vocabulary. Syntax. Attitude. Exercises. Advice. How to Say Nothing in Five Hundred Words / Paul Roberts. Examples. Tone: The Writer''s Voice in the Reader''s Mind / Mort Castle. The Waltz / Dorothy Parker. Remarks on the Life of Sacco and on His Own Life and Execution / Bartolomeo Vanzetti. Salvation / Langston Hughes. A Grunt''s Prayer / Ken Noyle. Chapter Writing Assignments. Real-Life Student Writing. A Thank-You Note to an Aunt.
5. The Writer''s Thesis. Road Map to Thesis. Finding Your Thesis. Key Words in the Thesis. Characteristics of a Good Thesis. Nine Errors to Avoid in Composing a Thesis. The Explicit Versus the Implicit Thesis. Exercises. Advice. The Thesis / Sheridan Baker. Examples. The Grieving Never Ends / Roxanne Roberts. A Good Man Is Hard to Find / Flannery O''Connor. Spring / Edna St. Vincent Millay. Chapter Writing Assignments. Real-Life Student Writing. A Eulogy to a Friend Killed in a Car Wreck.
6. Organizing Ideas. Road Map to Organizing. Organizing the Short Essay. Organizing the Long Essay. Planning by Listing Supporting Materials. Organizing with a Formal Outline. Exercises. Advice. Write to Be Understood / Jim Staylor. Examples. My Wood / E. M. Forster. Rules for Aging / Roger Rosenblatt. The Catbird Seat / James Thurber. That Time of Year (Sonnet 73) / William Shakespeare. Chapter Writing Assignments. Real-Life Student Writing. Note from a Graduate Student to a Department Secretary.
7. Developing Good Paragraphs. Road Map to Paragraphs. Parts of the Paragraph. Supporting Details. Topic Sentence Developed over More Than One Paragraph. Position of the Topic Sentence. Paragraph Patterns. Characteristics of a Well-designed Paragraph. Writing Your Own Paragraphs. Exercises. Advice. Writing Successful Paragraphs / A. M. Tibbetts and Charlene Tibbetts. Examples. Paragraphs with the Topic Sentence at the Beginning. From the Lessons of the Past / Edith Hamilton. Pain / William Somerset Maugham. I Am Tired of Fighting (Surrender Speech) / Chief Joseph of the Nez Percé. Paragraphs with the Topic Sentence at the End. Man against Darkness / W. T. Stace. What Is a Poet? / Mark Van Doren. On Disease / Lewis Thomas, M.D. The Flood / Robert Frost. Chapter Writing Assignments. Real-Life Student Writing. Letter of Application to an Honors Program.
Part II: PATTERNS OF DEVELOPMENT: THE RHETORICAL MODES. PATTERNS OF DEVELOPMENT FOR THE SUBJECT "GUILT."
8. Narration. Road Map to Narration. What Narration Does. When to Use Narration. How to Write a Narrative. Warming Up to Write a Narrative. Examples. Shooting an Elephant / George Orwell. My Name Is Margaret / Maya Angelou. Shame / Dick Gregory. On Black Fathering / Cornel West. Those Winter Sundays / Robert Hayden. Issue for Critical Thinking and Debate: Terrorism. My Accidental Jihad / Krista Bremer [New selection]. "Postscript" to Inside the Kingdom: My Life in Saudi Arabia / Carmen bin Laden. Punctuation Workshop: The Period. Student Corner. Terrorism: America in Fear / Jeffrey Metherell [New selection]. How I Write. How I Wrote This Essay. My Writing Tip. Chapter Writing Assignments. Pointer from a Pro: Be Concise.
9. Description. Road Map to Description. What Description Does. When to Use Description. How to Write a Description. Warming Up to Write a Description. Examples. The Libido for the Ugly / H. L. Mencken. Hell / James Joyce. A Worn Path / Eudora Welty. Pigeon Woman / May Swenson. Issue for Critical Thinking and Debate: Self-Image. Body Image / Cindy Maynard. Acquiring Your Self-Image / Jill Ammon-Wexler [New selection]. Punctuation Workshop: The Comma. Student Corner. Body Modification--Think about It! / Shelley Taylor. How I Write. How I Wrote This Essay. My Writing Tip. Chapter Writing Assignments. Pointer from a Pro: Write about the Familiar.
10. Process Analysis. Road Map to Process Analysis. What Process Analysis Does. When to Use Process Analysis. How to Write a Process Analysis. Warming Up to Write a Process Analysis. Examples. My Strangled Speech / Dan Slater [New selection]. Hunting Octopus in the Gilbert Islands / Sir Arthur Grimble. Hitler''s Workday / William Shirer. In the Emergency Room / Willa Carroll. Issue for Critical Thinking and Debate: Ageism. The View from Eighty / Malcolm Cowley. Stay Young / Marya Mannes. Punctuation Workshop: The Semicolon. Student Corner. Final Draft: Aging / Kimberly Caitlin Wheeler. How I Write. How I Wrote This Essay. My Writing Tip. Chapter Writing Assignments. Pointer from a Pro: Be Sincere.
11. Illustration/Exemplification. Road Map to Illustration/Exemplification. What Illustration/Exemplification Does. When to Use Illustration. How to Use Illustration. Warming Up to Write an Illustration. Examples. What Is Style? / F. L. Lucas. Clever Animals / Lewis Thomas [New selection]. "Mirror, Mirror, on the Wall . . . " / John Leo. Issue for Critical Thinking and Debate: Drugs and Society. How We Get Addicted / Michael D. Lemonick [New selection]. Drugs / Gore Vidal. Punctuation Workshop: The Dash. Student Corner. Drug Use: The Continuing Epidemic / Linda Kunze. How I Write. How I Wrote This Essay. My Writing Tip. Chapter Writing Assignments. Pointer from a Pro: Be Clear.
12. Definition. Road Map to Definition. What Definition Does. When to Use Definition. How to Use Definition. Warming Up to Write a Definition. Examples. Of Altruism, Heroism, and Nature''s Gifts in the Face of Terror / Natalie Angier. Entropy / K. C. Cole [New selection]. In Praise of the Humble Comma / Pico Iyer. Kitsch / Gilbert Highet. Ars Poetica / Archibald MacLeish. Issue for Critical Thinking and Debate: Immigration. Illegal Immigrants Are Bolstering Social Security with Billions / Eduardo Porter. Wide-open Spaces / Bill Bryson. Punctuation Workshop: The Apostrophe. Student Corner. Immigrants in America / Dave Herman. How I Write. How I Wrote This Essay. My Writing Tip. Chapter Writing Assignments. Pointer from a Pro: Let Your Writing Percolate.
13. Comparison/Contrast. Road Map to Comparison/Contrast. What Comparison/Contrast Does. When to Use Comparison/Contrast. How to Use Comparison/Contrast. Warming Up to Write a Comparison/Contrast. Examples. Breast Cancer No. 2 / Margaret Overton [New selection]. Diogenes and Alexander / Gilbert Highet. Grant and Lee: A Study in Contrasts / Bruce Catton. Baba and Me / Khaled Hosseini. Issue for Critical Thinking and Debate: Online Dating. The Truth about Online Dating / Robert Epstein [New selection]. Evaluating Internet Dating / Tim Daughtry [New selection]. Punctuation Workshop: The Question Mark. Student Corner. "OMGILY2!!" Online Dating Is at Your Own Risk / Kindra M. Neuman [New selection]. How I Write. How I Wrote This Essay. My Writing Tip. Chapter Writing Assignments. Pointer from a Pro: Conquer Writer''s Block.
14. Division/Classification. Road Map to Division/Classification. What Division/Classification Does. When to Use Division/Classification. How to Use Division/Classification. Warming Up to Write a Division/Classification. Examples. Move Over, Teams / Paul M. Muchinsky. Thinking as a Hobby / William Golding. Kinds of Discipline / John Holt. The Idols / Francis Bacon. English101 / Bart Edelman. Issue for Critical Thinking and Debate: Racism. Warriors Don''t Cry / Melba Patillo Beals. Incidents with White People / Sarah L. and A. Elizabeth Delany. Punctuation Workshop: The Colon. Student Corner. Color of Their Skin AND Content of Their Character / Carrie Moore. How I Write. How I Wrote This Essay. My Writing Tip. Chapter Writing Assignments. Pointer from a Pro: Use Definite, Specific, Concrete Language.
15. Causal Analysis. Road Map to Causal Analysis. What Causal Analysis Does. When to Use Causal Analysis. How to Use Causal Analysis. Warming Up to Write a Causal Analysis. Examples. A Peaceful Woman Explains Why She Carries a Gun / Linda M. Hasselstrom. Coming into Language / Jimmy Santiago Baca. Bricklayer''s Boy / Alfred Lubrano. Why I Went to the Woods / Henry David Thoreau. The Storm / Kate Chopin. Design / Robert Frost. Issue for Critical Thinking and Debate: The Status of Women. International Women''s Day: Life (and Work) Lessons Every Woman Should Learn / Arianna Huffington [New selection]. The Farce of Feminism / Rebecca E. Rubins. Punctuation Workshop: The Exclamation Point. Student Corner. "Woman" Is a Noun / Paula Rewa. How I Write. How I Wrote This Essay. My Writing Tip. Chapter Writing Assignments. Pointer from a Pro: Scrap Adverbs and Adjectives.
16. Argumentation and Persuasion. Road Map to Argumentation and Persuasion. What Argumentation and Persuasion Do. When to Use Argumentation and Persuasion. How to Use Argumentation and Persuasion. Warming Up to Write an Argument. Examples. Why Don''t We Complain? / William F. Buckley, Jr.. A Modest Proposal / Jonathan Swift. A Nation in Need of Vacation / Steve Rushin. The Pregnancy Trap / Gerry Garibaldi [New selection]. Dooley Is a Traitor / James Michie. Issue for Critical Thinking and Debate: Homelessness. Homeless: Expose the Myths / Joseph Perkins. The Homeless Lack a Political Voice, But Not American Ideals / Matt Lynch. Punctuation Workshop: Quotation Marks. Student Corner. People Out on a Limb / Antoinette Poodt. How I Write. How I Wrote This Essay. My Writing Tip. Chapter Writing Assignments. Pointer from a Pro: Read Well, Write Well.
17. Combining the Modes. Road Map to the Modes. What Combining the Modes Does. When to Combine the Modes. How to Use Combined Modes. Examples. Shrew--The Littlest Mammal / Alan DeVoe. Will Spelling Count? / Jack Connor. Once More to the Lake / E. B. White. Issue for Critical Thinking and Debate: The New Technology. No Technology? No Problem / Eric Brende. Beware the Apps! / Lacreta Scott [New selection]. Punctuation Workshop: Using Other Punctuation with Quotation Marks. Student Corner. Thoughts about the Internet / Charlie Sorensen [New selection]. How I Write. How I Wrote This Essay. My Writing Tip. Chapter Writing Assignments. Pointer from a Pro: Avoid Noun Clusters.
Image Gallery. Terrorism. Self-Image. Ageism. Drugs and Society. Immigration. Online Dating. Racism. Status of Women. Homelessness. New Technology.
Part III: REWRITING YOUR WRITING.
The Editing Booth. Revising. Editing. Rule 1: Make Your Title Descriptive. Rule 2: Begin with a Simple Sentence. Rule 3: Prune Deadwood. Rule 4: Do Not Overexplain. Rule 5: Be Specific. Rule 6: Avoid Trite Expressions. Rule 7: Use the Active Voice. Rule 8: Make Your Statements Positive. Rule 9: Keep to One Tense. Rule 10: Place Key Words at the Beginning or End of a Sentence. Rule 11: Prune Multiple _Of_s. Rule 12: Break Up Noun Clusters. Rule 13: Use Exclamation Points Sparingly. Rule 14: Vary Your Sentences. Rule 15: Keep Your Point of View Consistent. Rule 16: Use Standard Words. Rule 17: End with Impact. Editing an Actual Essay.
Part IV: SPECIAL WRITING PROJECTS.
Assignment 1: The Research Paper. Why English Instructors Assign Research Papers. How to Choose Your Topic. How to Narrow Your Subject. The Process of Writing the Paper. Preparing "Works Cited" or "References." Writing the Final Copy. Annotated Student Research Paper: Modern Language Association (MLA) Style. A Victory for Readers? Copyright Law and Google Book Search / Nick Penaranda [New selection]. Annotated Student Research Paper: American Psychological Association (APA) Style. Development of a Scale to Detect Sexual Harassers: The Potential Harasser Scale (PHS) / Leanne M. Masden and Rebecca B. Winkler. Assignment 2: The Literary Paper. How to Write a Paper about Literature. The In-Class Essay on Literature. Annotated Literary Paper. A Worn but Lightly Traveled Path / Douglas B. Inman. Exercises. Suggestions for Writing.
"The students enjoy the writing exercises associated with the photos, and they appreciate having clear explanations of the essay structure, the rhetorical modes and the sample MLA paper."
"I haven't found any other text that nails the rewriting process so well."
"The chapter is very successful in breaking down the process of incorporating sources. Any student who takes the time to read it will feel informed and empowered."
"An excellent chapter, moving from the concept to the praxis in specific, exampled ways."
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