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PORTABLE LEGACIES: FICTION, POETRY, DRAMA, NONFICTION engages students with the best selection of fiction, poetry, drama, and nonfiction in a single anthology. An affordable, convenient alternative to full-length, or even compact, introduction to literature texts, PORTABLE LEGACIES: FICTION, POETRY, DRAMA, NONFICTION involves students in complex and exciting "legacies of human thought" literary and cultural traditions from 500 B.C. to the first decades of the twenty-first century. Designed for the Literature for Composition course, this is the only thematically arranged anthology to examine works of fiction, poetry, drama, and nonfiction together in thematic clusters that "Cross the Genres." With selections ranging from the most popular traditional and contemporary authors at home to masterpieces of world literature, PORTABLE LEGACIES: FICTION, POETRY, DRAMA, NONFICTION encourages students to question, observe, probe, connect, and critique.
- Reading selections are organized by genre and by intriguing themes, including new topics such as Road Trips, Masculinities and Femininities, and American Dreams Lost and Found.
- Reading clusters (including Visions of Haunting and Family/Fiction and Immigration/Poetry) allow students to explore a theme in depth while focusing on a single genre.
- A new student essay, "The Second Generation of the Holocaust", in Chapter 14 analyzes a sequence of panels from a graphic novel.
- Updated and expanded coverage of MLA documentation style in Appendix A, "The Research Process and MLA Documentation", includes numerous models that help students correctly apply the latest citation guidelines when writing about literature.
- New coverage of postmodernism now appears in Appendix B, "Critical Approaches to Literature".
- Each anthology chapter features an excerpt from a graphic novel.
- Online literature and contextual information is provided for each theme.
- An appendix on Visual Rhetoric helps student read, analyze, and write about visuals such as paintings, websites, and graphic literature.
- Masterpieces of the traditional and non-traditional canons, world literature, and contemporary writing engage students.
- Thematically arranged content allows students to compare and contrast selected works from different genres critically.
- "Crossing the Genres" clusters open each chapter, tying readings from each genre together through questions and writing assignments.
- Single-genre thematic clusters deepen students' understanding of individual genres.
- Practical information on the research process and documentation is provided, including the use of online resources.
- A chapter on literary arguments and "Write an Argument" assignments throughout the book provide many opportunities for students to analyze arguments in the texts and write their own persuasive essays.
- Reading selections are organized both by genre and by intriguing themes, and include new topics such as "The Elusive Sexual Self," "Terror and Terrorism," and "The Human Animal."
- Reading clusters (e.g., Modern Love/Fiction and The Ideal vs. The Real World/Poetry) allow students to explore a theme in depth while focusing on a single genre.
- Essays on controversial topics are paired to stimulate argumentative thinking, writing, and debate. These include "The Nuclear Family Redefined?"; "Masculinities/Femininities-Conditioned or Constructed?" and "Visions of the Spirit."
1. Critical Thinking and Critical Analysis of Literature.
Denise Levertov, "The Secret" (Poetry). The Critical Thinking Process. The Critical Thinking/Critical Reading Connection. Lorna Dee Cervantes, "Refugee Ship" (Poetry). Critical Analysis of Literature: A Classroom Experience. Theodore Roethke, "My Papa''s Waltz" (Poetry). Text-to-Self Connections. Text-to-Text Connections. Text-to-World Connections.
2. The Reading Process.
Reader Response. The Reading/Writing Connection. Glossing and Annotating. Gloria Anzaldúa, "horse" (Poetry). Brainstorming and Questioning. Freewriting. Journal Writing. Blogging. Notetaking and the Double-Entry Notebook. "Think" Writings. Arguments about Literary Texts. Course Blogs and Discussion Forums. Creative Responses to Literature. Some Final Considerations about the Reading Process.
3. The Writing Process: Writing the Essay about Literature.
Interrelated Stages of Writing. Prewriting. Shaping. Drafting. Revising and Editing. Proofreading. Composing and Revising Electronically. Electronic Portfolio. Summary. The Writing Process: An Example. Peer Evaluation. Special Requirements for Writing about Literature. Summary and Paraphrase. Forms of the Essay about Literature. Response Essay. Explication Essay. Comparison/Contrast Essay. Critical Analysis Essay. Historical, Social, or Cultural Analysis Essay. Evaluation and Review Essay. The Creative Essay about Literature. Multi-Genre Works. Multimodal Compositions. Research Essay. Collaborative Research Writing. Summary.
4. Arguments about Literature.
Generative Frames for Argument: Classical, Toulminian, and Rogerian Argument. Proofs. Patterns of Development in Argumentative Thinking and Writing. Definition. Cause and Effect. Evaluative Claims. Logical Fallacies in Literary Arguments. Sweeping Generalization. Hasty Generalization. False Causal Relationships. False Context. Summary Rather than Critical Comment. Checklist for Argumentative Writing. Student Essay: Argument.
PART TWO: THEMATIC ANTHOLOGY.
5. Identity and Rites of Passage.
Thematic Cluster: Crossing the Genres/Identity and Body Image. Stacey Richter, "The Beauty Treatment" (Fiction). Eavan Boland, "Anorexic" (Poetry). Judith Ortiz Cofer, "The Story of My Body" (Nonfiction). FICTION. Joyce Carol Oates, "Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?". Wendi Kaufman, "Helen on Eighty-Sixth Street". John Updike, "A&P". Daniel Alarcón, "Flood". Raymond Carver, "Cathedral". Thematic Cluster/Fiction: Fairy Tales. Nadine Gordimer, "Once upon a Time". Angela Carter, "The Company of Wolves". Explore Online: Introduction to Fairy Tales. "The Little Red Riding Hood Project". "The Cinderella Project". Aaron Goranson, "When the Aliens Came". POETRY. Diane Wakoski, "Wind Secrets". Countee Cullen, "Incident". Walt Whitman, "Song of Myself". Frank O''Hara, "Meditations in an Emergency". Mary Oliver, "The Journey". Kay Ryan, "Carrying a Ladder". Yehuda Amichai, "The School Where I Studied". Patricia Smith, "Doin'' the Louvre". Nikki Giovanni, "Quilts". Anne Sexton, "Cinderella". Rolando Pérez, "Canto 10". Thematic Cluster/Poetry: Metamorphoses. Cathy Song, "Lost Sister". Naomi Shihab Nye, "Biography of an Armenian Schoolgirl". Louise Erdrich, "Indian Boarding School: The Runaways". Ha Jin, "The Past". DRAMA. Henrik Ibsen, A Doll''s House. NONFICTION. Henry David Thoreau, "Why I Went to the Woods". Elizabeth S. Widdicombe, "Zen, and Other Journeys". Gretel Ehrlich, "Looking for a Lost Dog". Bruno Bettelheim, "Introduction: The Struggle for Meaning" from The Uses of. Enchantment. Explore Online: Most Viewed Essays. "This I Believe". GRAPHIC LITERATURE. Marjane Satrapi, "The Veil" from Persepolis: The Story of a Childhood. Writing Assignments. Student Essays. Ariel Shatz, "Beginning a Journey: The Deep Impact Poetry Had on One Adolescent". (Personal Response Essay). Patrick Lindo, "Where Wolf" (Creative Response to Literature Essay).
6. The Self and Beyond.
Thematic Cluster: Crossing the Genres/Family Secrets. A.M. Homes, "Raft in Water, Floating" (Fiction). Robert Hayden, "Those Winter Sundays" (Poetry). bell hooks, Chapters 49, 50, and 51 from bone black (Nonfiction). FICTION. Tillie Olsen, "I Stand Here Ironing". Sherman Alexie, "This Is What It Means to Say Phoenix, Arizona". James Baldwin, "Sonny''s Blues". Ana Castillo, "Regina" from The Guardians. Amy Tan, "Scar" from The Joy Luck Club. João Guimarães Rosa, "The Third Bank of the River". Thematic Cluster/Fiction: The Family Gothic. Louise Erdrich, "The Fat Man''s Race". William Faulkner, "A Rose for Emily". Explore Online: Visions of Hauntings. Short Stories by Edgar Allan Poe: "The Fall of the House of Usher" and "The. Tell-Tale Heart". Robert Harris, "Introduction to the Gothic". POETRY. Amiri Baraka, "Preface to a Twenty Volume Suicide Note". Grace Paley, "Fathers". Sylvia Plath, "Daddy". Simon Ortiz, "My Father''s Song". Li-Young Lee, "Persimmons". Seamus Heaney, "Digging". Jamaica Kincaid, "Girl". Mary Karr, "A Blessing from My Sixteen Years'' Son". Gerald Locklin, "No Longer A Teenager". Philip Levine, "You Can Have It". Etheridge Knight, "The Idea of Ancestry". Gregory Djanikian, "I Ask My Grandmother If We Can Make Lahmajoun". Thematic Cluster/Poetry: Loss and Family. D. H. Lawrence, "Piano". Harold A. Zlotnik, "Odyssey". Dwight Okita, "The Nice Thing about Counting Stars". Julia Alvarez, "Homecoming". Sharon Olds, "I Go Back to May 1937". DRAMA. August Wilson, The Piano Lesson. NONFICTION. Toi Derricotte, "Beginning Dialogues". David Sedaris, "The Girl Next Door". Daisy Hernández, "My Father''s Hands". Richard Rodriguez, "Proofs". GRAPHIC LITERATURE. Lynda Barry, "Common Scents" from One! Hundred! Demons!. Writing Assignments. Student Essays. Katherine Beatty, "Compare/Contrast and Character Analysis" (Comparison/. Contrast Essay). Brianna Walter, "A Tell-Tale Story: The Beat Found within His Own Mind" (Literary Analysis/Argument Essay).
7. Gender and Sexuality.
Thematic Cluster: Crossing the Genres/Discovering Love and Sexuality. Karen Russell, "The Seagull Army Descends on Strong Beach" (Fiction). Andrew Lam, "Grandma''s Tales" (Fiction). Alma Luz Villanueva, "Crazy Courage" (Poetry). Oscar Wilde, "The Importance of Being Earnest" (Drama). Bernard Cooper, "Burl''s" (Nonfiction). FICTION. Anton Chekhov, "Lady with Lapdog". Ernest Hemingway, "Hills Like White Elephants". James Joyce, "Eveline". Junot Díaz, "How to Date a Browngirl, Blackgirl, Whitegirl, or Halfie". Doreen Baingana, "Tropical Fish". Charlotte Perkins Gilman, "The Yellow Wallpaper". Margaret Atwood, "Happy Endings". Sandra Cisneros, "Barbie-Q". Thematic Cluster/Fiction: Modern Love. T.C. Boyle, "The Love of My Life". Danielle Evans, "Virgins". POETRY. William Shakespeare, "Let Me Not to the Marriage of True Minds". William Shakespeare, "Shall I Compare Thee to a Summer''s Day?". John Donne, "A Valediction Forbidding Mourning". Andrew Marvell, "To His Coy Mistress". Pablo Neruda, "Sweetness, always". Pablo Neruda, "Tonight I Can Write…". Marge Piercy, "Barbie doll". May Swenson, "Women". T. S. Eliot, "The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock". Marie Howe, "The Boy". Wislawa Szymborska, "True Love". Thematic Cluster/Poetry: Love and Betrayal. John Donne, "The Flea". John Keats, "La Belle Dame Sans Merci". Robert Browning, "Porphyria''s Lover". Christina Rossetti, "Goblin Market". Carley Rees Bogarad, "Kudzu". Bart Edelman, "Bed and Brimstone". Explore Online: Cultural Contexts/Gender. The Victorian Web: Literature, History, and Culture in the Age of Victoria. Gender Matters. Robert Browning: Gender Matters. Keunjung Cho, "Female Silence and Male Self-Consciousness in Browning''s. Poetry". DRAMA. Susan Glaspell, Trifles. David Ives, Sure Thing. NONFICTION. Plato, "The Sexes" from The Symposium. Maxine Hong Kingston, "No Name Woman". Simone de Beauvoir, "Woman as Other". Michael Kimmel, "''Bros before Hos'': The Guy Code" from Guyland. Stephen Hinshaw, "Impossible Expectations" from The Triple Bind. Explore Online: Selections from "Modern Love," the New York Times. Sophia Raday, "Diary of a Soldier''s Wife: Tie-Dye and Camo Don''t Mix". Alison Luterman, "Married, but Certainly Not to Tradition". Victoria Loustalot, "Fatherly Memories Scattered to the Wind". Cheryl St. Germain, "What We''re Good At". Andrew Limbong, "Eat the Forbidden Ham Sandwich". David Mark Simpson, "What Is Carved in Stone". Diane Farr, "Bring Home the Wrong Race". GRAPHIC LITERATURE. Alison Bechdel, "Only Disconnect" from Dykes to Watch Out For. Writing Assignments. Student Essay. Kimberly Thomas, "The Concept of Love in The English Patient" (Thematic Analysis. Essay and Movie Review).
8. Sites of Conflict.
Thematic Cluster: Crossing the Genres/Children of Violence. Luisa Valenzuela, "The Verb to Kill" (Fiction). Uwem Akpan, "My Parents'' Bedroom" (Fiction). Jessica Hagedorn, "The Song of Bullets" (Poetry). Naomi Shihab Nye, "All Things Not Considered" (Poetry). Roger Rosenblatt, "Children of Cambodia" from Children of War (Nonfiction). Explore Online: Essays of Nicholas Kristof. "She''s 10 and Now May Be Sold to a Brothel". "Raiding a Brothel in India". Video: "Sisters, Victims, Heroes". "Jackie''s Story, Africa''s Trauma". FICTION. Dinaw Mengestu, "An Honest Exit". Cynthia Ozick, "The Shawl". Sara Nomberg-Przytyk, "Natasha''s Triumph". Tim O''Brien, "The Man I Killed". Tim O''Brien, "Good Form". Thematic Cluster/Fiction: Forgiveness. Daniyal Mueenuddin, "Nawabdin Electrician". Flannery O''Connor, "A Good Man Is Hard to Find". Explore Online: Story Corps. "Forgiving Her Son''s Killer: ''Not an Easy Thing''". Story Corps, NPR. POETRY. W. H. Auden, "Musée des Beaux Arts". Wilfred Owen, "Dulce et Decorum Est". Yusef Komunyakaa, "Facing It". Yusef Komunyakaa, "Nude Interrogation". Langston Hughes, "Let America be America Again". Langston Hughes, "Harlem". Gwendolyn Brooks, "The Boy Died in My Alley". Allen Ginsberg, "America". Joy Harjo, "Transformations". Tato Laviera, "AmeRícan". Lucille Clifton, "Jasper Texas 1998". Emily Dickinson, "I''m Nobody! Who are You?". Dagoberto Gilb, "You Know Him By His Labors, But Not His Face". Anthony Hecht, "The Book of Yolek". Billy Collins, "The Names". Thematic Cluster/Poetry: Human Rights. William Blake, "London". Frances Ellen Watkins Harper, "The Slave Auction". Martín Espada, "Alabanza: In Praise of Local 100". Gloria Anzaldúa, "horse". Carolyn Forché, "The Colonel". Thematic Cluster/Poetry: Immigration. Lucia Cherciu, "Spring in a Second Language". Marjorie Agosin, "Far Away". Explore Online: Protest Songs. Woodie Guthrie, "The Dying Miners," "The Farmer Labor Train". Abel Meeropol (pseudonym Lewis Allen), "Strange Fruit" as sung by Billie. Holiday. Bob Dylan, "Blowing in the Wind". John Lennon, "Imagine". Green Day, "Holiday". India Arie, "Video". Jack Johnson, "In Times Like These". Bob Marley, "War". Peter Tosh, "Equal Rights". Dead Prez, "Propaganda". Rage Against the Machine, "Take the Power Back". Explore Online: Performance Poetry: YouTube. Sarah Jones, "Your Revolution". Patricia Smith, Selections from Blood Dazzler and "Skinhead". Saul Williams, "Coded Language". DRAMA. Sophocles, Antigone. José Rivera, "Gas". Lynn Nottage, Excerpt from Ruined. NONFICTION. Sojourner Truth, "Ain''t I a Woman?". Elie Wiesel, "Why I Write: Making No Become Yes". Laura Blumenfeld, "The Apology: Letters from a Terrorist". Czeslaw Milosz, "American Ignorance of War". Natalie Angier, "Is War Our Biological Destiny?". Peter Singer, "The Singer Solution to World Poverty". Jason Hartley, "I, Jailor" from Just Another Soldier: A Year on the Ground in Iraq. Danusha Veronica Goska, "Political Paralysis". Explore Online: Civil Rights. Civil Rights Timeline. William E. B. Du Bois, The Souls of Black Folk, "Forethought" and Chapter 1. Martin Luther King Speeches (text and video). Malcolm X Speeches. Dudley Randall, "Ballad of Birmingham". Maya Angelou, "Still I Rise". GRAPHIC LITERATURE. Art Spiegelman, "Here My Troubles Began" from Maus II: A Survivor''s Tale. Writing Assignments. Student Essays. Melanie Chopko, "A Mother''s Survival" (Thematic Analysis and Research Essay). Gloria M. Winter, "Rosa''s Final Scream" (Creative Response Essay). Online Forum and Discussion: Creative Responses to "horse".
PART THREE: READING AND WRITING ABOUT THE GENRES.
Forms of Narrative. Elements of Fiction. Point of View. Setting. Plot. Conflict. Character. Language. Tone. Symbolism. Theme. The Reading/Writing Process: Fiction. Checklist for Reading and Writing about Short Fiction. Explore Online: Fiction.
Kinds of Poetry. Narrative Poetry. Lyric Poetry. Matsuo Bashō, "Sleeping at noon". Dramatic Poetry. Elements of Poetry. Voice. Anonymous, "Danaë". Tone. Theme. Carley Rees Bogarad, "Chasing Fire Engines". Setting. Imagery. Margaret Atwood, "You Fit into Me". William Carlos Williams, "The Red Wheelbarrow". Walt Whitman, "When I Heard the Learn''d Astronomer". Figures of Speech. John Keats, "Endymion". Metaphor and Simile. Personification, Synecdoche, Metonymy, and Hyperbole. Symbol, Myth, and Allusion. Structure. Stanzas. Gwendolyn Brooks, "We Real Cool". Rhyme and Sound. Rhythm. Meter. Scansion. William Shakespeare, "My mistress'' eyes, are nothing like the Sun". Strong Stress Meter. Syllabic Rhythm. Free Verse. The Reading/Writing Process: Poetry. Checklist for Reading and Writing about Poetry. Explore Online: Poetry.
Forms of Drama. Greek Drama. Roman Drama. English Drama. Nineteenth- and Twentieth-Century Drama. Performance Drama. Film and Television. Checklist for Writing about Film. Similarities and Differences between Drama and Film. Elements of Drama. Character. Soliloquy, Monologue, and Dialogue. Action. Plot. Setting. Symbolism. Irony. Theme. The Reading/Writing Process: Drama. Checklist for Reading and Writing about Drama. Explore Online: Drama.
Forms of Nonfiction. Speech. Philosophical Treatise. Autobiography. Memoir. Journal. Essay. Kinds of Essays. Forms of Creative Nonfiction. Elements of Nonfiction. The Reading/Writing Process: Nonfiction. Checklist for Reading and Writing about Nonfiction.
13. Visual Texts.
Forms of Visual Texts. Elements of Visual Texts. Visual Rhetoric. Sample Analysis of a Visual Text: Marjane Satrapi''s "The Veil". The Reading/Writing Process: Visual Texts. Checklist for Reading and Writing about Visual Texts.
PART FOUR: APPENDIXES.
A. The Research Process and MLA Documentation.
The Research Process. The Research Process Online. General Web Searches. Specialized Web Searches. Electronic Databases and Catalogs Accessed through Libraries. Keeping Accurate Bibliographic Records while Conducting Online Research. Principles of Documentation. Form of MLA Documentation--Citation within the Text. "Works Cited" Page. Common Forms of Bibliographic Entries for the "Works Cited" Page. Principles of Online Documentation. Common Forms of Bibliographic Entries for Online Sources on the "Works. Cited" Page. Endnotes. An Example of the Research Essay--MLA Documentation (Historical and Cultural. Analysis and Argument). Explore Online: The Research Process and MLA Documentation.
B. Critical Approaches to Literature.
Formalism/New Criticism. Structuralism. Postmodernism. Deconstruction. Psychological Criticism. Reader Response Criticism. Feminist Criticism. Gender Criticism. New Historicism. Marxist Criticism. Postcolonial Criticism. Cultural Studies. Conclusion. . Glossary. Literary Credits. Index of Authors, Titles, and First Lines of Poetry.