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PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY, Eleventh Edition, uses the combined expertise of three accomplished and respected geographers to show not only what constitutes physical geography but also the reciprocal relationship between people and Earth’s natural environment. The well-written and thoughtfully illustrated text emphasizes three essential themes to demonstrate the major roles of the discipline -- Geography as Physical Science, Geography as Spatial Science, and Geography as Environmental Science. With a strong focus on processes and the interrelationships among Earth’s systems, this text guides students to an understanding and appreciation of how the various natural systems function and of how humans are an integral component of physical geography. Historically, this was the first Physical Geography textbook to take an environmental sustainability approach, and the authors continue to address the theme of human interactions with the environment.
- More than 200 new illustrations. New/updated topics: Sustainable development; GIS, digital landscape models, Lidar; star circles; photosynthesis, greenhouse effect, green roofs; volcanoes and air travel, El Niño/La Niña; Hurricane/Superstorm Sandy, block diagrams of fronts/storms, warning systems on cell phones; atmospheric CO2, climate change, Saharan dust; lake effect snow; plant succession; continental accretion; Nepal earthquake; deadly landslide in Washington State, earthquake-induced avalanches on Mt. Everest, sinkhole collapse at the Corvette museum; removal of river dams, catastrophic flash flood in Texas.
- Improved Illustration Program: This edition includes more than 200 new illustrations and photographs, and others have been improved to increase clarity and enhance student understanding. New, updated, or expanded topics required new figures and updates or improvements, including all climographs, numerous photographs, line-art, remotely-sensed images, and maps. Selected photographs and imagery include a locator map, to provide a spatial reference for the feature or place pictured. These thumbnail maps provide the spatial context for the landmark or phenomena captured by the photograph. Most figures and photographs are accompanied by a thought-provoking question that engages the student and underscores the content’s relevance in the student’s life.
- Two New Illustrated Features: These figures, include questions that invite student inquiry about the content of the illustration, these are: Understanding Map Content and Thinking Geographically. Examples of one or the other feature appear in most chapters.
- Geography and Digital Technologies: The importance of ever-evolving technologies that support geography studies is evident throughout the book, and kept up to date. A full chapter is devoted to maps and many forms of spatial imagery and data used by geographers. Illustrations throughout the book include images gathered from space, accompanied by interpretations of the environmental aspects that the scenes illustrate. Also included are introductory discussions of the techniques geographers use to analyze and display locational and environmental aspects, including remote sensing, geographic information systems (GIS), digital cartography, and the global positioning system (GPS). The text makes extensive use of scientific visualization products (digital visual models) generated by NASA, Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC), Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), USGS, and other government, and some that were produced specifically for this text.
- Robust end-of-chapter activities support group or individual study. These include: key terms listed in the order that they appear in the chapter (Terms for Review), discussion questions (Questions for Review), critical thinking problems (Consider and Respond), hands-on activities (Practical Applications) and for some chapters, Google Earth exercises (Locate and Explore) reinforce the text and provide ample opportunities for review, retention, and test preparation. Students are also directed to online supplemental activities within MindTap for an interactive study option.
- Map Interpretation exercises reflect the authors' view that map-interpreting skills are a priority for any new physical geographer. This begins with an activity to learn interpretation of topographic maps, early in the text. Then there are 11 comprehensive exercises, which follow all the chapters that deal with landforms, which will sharpen your map-reading skills and teach new ways to analyze and interpret the physical world. The featured topographic maps present a wide spectrum of landform types from many areas of the U.S. These exercises may be also used as a supplement to lab assignments, where every student has a copy of the same map for an assignment. The topographic maps are shown alongside satellite imagery of the location, and latitude/longitude coordinates are provided so students can view the area in Google Earth or other Earth observation system.
- Unique "Geography's Perspective" boxes illustrate physical geography as a spatial science (how features are distributed and why), an environmental science (the processes of the Earth system and how humans interact with them), and a physical science (the properties and relationships among the Earth system's physical features). These compelling boxes grab students' attention with interesting, timely examples, ranging from natural hazard warnings presented on cellphones, to mapping the paths of hurricanes to the theory of island biogeography and the importance of watersheds to environmental management.
- Three chapters are devoted to climate, an integral and often insufficiently covered Earth system. Climate classification, climatic processes, climate change, and climate regions are covered in good detail. A complete new set of climographs in color attracts attention to the data that they represent and the average seasonal weather of a location.
2. Representations of Earth.
3. Earth-Sun Relationships and Solar Energy.
4. The Atmosphere, Temperature, and the Heat Budget.
5. Atmospheric Pressure, Winds, and Circulation Patterns.
6. Moisture, Condensation, and Precipitation.
7. Air Masses and Weather Systems.
8. Global Climates and Climate Change.
9. Low-Latitude and Arid Climate Regions.
10. Middle-Latitude, Polar, and Highland Climatic Regions.
12. Soils and Soil Development.
13. Earth Materials and Plate Tectonics.
14. Tectonism and Volcanism.
15. Weathering and Mass Wasting.
16. Subsurface Water and Karst.
17. Fluvial Processes and Landforms.
18. Arid Region and Eolian Landforms.
19. Glacial Systems and Landforms.
20. Coastal Processes and Landforms.
Appendix A: SI Units and Unit Conversions.
Appendix B: Topographic Maps.
Appendix C: Understanding and Recognizing Some Common Rocks.
Cengage provides a range of supplements that are updated in coordination with the main title selection. For more information about these supplements, contact your Learning Consultant.
Cengage Learning Testing, powered by Cognero® Instant Access
Cengage Learning Testing Powered by Cognero® is a flexible, online system that allows you to: import, edit, and manipulate content from the text's test bank or elsewhere, including your own favorite test questions; create multiple test versions in an instant; and deliver tests from your LMS, your classroom, or wherever you want. Test bank is also available via MindTap.