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PHILOSOPHICAL TRADITIONS introduces students to philosophy by combining the insights of Louis Pojman, one of contemporary philosophy’s foremost teachers, with an impressive, yet not overwhelming collection of primary source excerpts drawn from the canon of Western philosophy. Organized topically, this book encourages students to critically explore all of the major lines of thinking and all of the major schools of thoughts that have formed around philosophy’s basic fields--the philosophy of religion, epistemology, metaphysics, ethics, and the meaning of life. With readings of manageable length for today’s typical undergraduate student, Pojman’s commentaries in PHILOSOPHICAL TRADITIONS provide straightforward demonstrations of the implications of the book's featured arguments and ideas.
A Personal Word to the Student.
Part I: AN INTRODUCTION.
1. What Is Philosophy?
2. A Little Bit of Logic.
Part II: THE BEGINNING OF PHILOSOPHY: THE ANCIENT GREEKS: THE SOPHISTS, SOCRATES, PLATO AND ARISTOTLE.
3. The Rise of the Sophists.
4. A Portrait of a Philosopher: Socrates.
5. The Philosophy of Plato: Knowledge and Reality.
Part III: PHILOSOPHY OF RELIGION.
Arguments for the Existence of God.
7. The Cosmological Argument for the Existence of God.
8. The Teleological Argument for the Existence of God.
9. The Ontological Argument for the Existence of God.
10. The Argument from Religious Experience.
11. The Problem of Evil.
12. Faith and Reason.
Part IV: THE THEORY OF KNOWLEDGE.
13. What Can We Know? An Introduction.
15. Perception: Our Knowledge of the External World.
16. Kant�s Copernican Revolution.
17. Schopenhauer�s Transcendental Idealism.
18. Truth, Rationality, and Cognitive Relativism.
Part V: METAPHYSICS: PHILOSOPHY OF MIND.
19. What Am I? A Mind or a Body?
20. Materialist Monism.
22. Who Am I? The Problem of Personal Identity.
23. Is There Life After Death? Personal Identity and Immortality.
Part VI: FREEDOM OF THE WILL AND DETERMINISM.
26. Compatibilism: How to Have Your Cake and Eat It Too.
Part VII: ETHICS.
27. What Is Ethics?
28. Ethical Relativism: Who�s to Judge What Is Right or Wrong?
29. Egoism: Why Should I Be Moral?
31. Kantian Deontological Ethics.
32. Religion and Ethics.
Part VIII: EXISTENTIALISM AND THE MEANING OF LIFE.
33. What Is Existentialism?
34. Freedom: The Core of Our Being.
Appendix: How to Read and Write a Philosophy Paper.