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Perrine's Sound and Sense: An Introduction to Poetry 12th Edition

Thomas R. Arp, Greg Johnson

  • Published
  • Previous Editions 2005, 2001, 1997
  • 464 Pages


A best-selling introduction to poetry for more than 50 years, PERRINE'S SOUND AND SENSE succinctly covers the basics of poetry with unique chapters on evaluating poetry, exemplary selections, and exercises that invite students into careful study. Thomas R. Arp and Greg Johnson have assiduously continued the Perrine tradition over several recent editions. Every chapter introduction in this compact and concise anthology bears the mark of Laurence Perrine's crisp, clean, and descriptive prose, and every poem selected as an example is not only a perfect illustration of the concept at hand, but a remarkable work in its own right.

Thomas R. Arp, Southern Methodist University

Thomas R. Arp received a B.A. in English from the University of Michigan (1954) and a Woodrow Wilson Fellowship to Stanford University. In 1955–1956, he produced educational television for the University of Michigan. He received an M.A. in 1960 and a Ph.D. in 1962 -- both from Stanford. He taught at Bowdoin College, Princeton University, University of California at Berkeley, Hull University (England), and Southern Methodist University. Macmillan published his volume THE FORM OF POETRY in 1966, and he received a Fulbright lectureship at University of Bucharest (Romania) in 1969–1970. Arp joined Laurence Perrine in preparing revised editions of SOUND AND SENSE, STORY AND STRUCTURE, and LITERATURE: STRUCTURE, SOUND, AND SENSE beginning in 1982. He became sole author of the books in 1997 and was joined by Greg Johnson in 2002. Dr. Arp passed away in 2015.

Greg Johnson, Kennesaw State University

Greg Johnson received an M.A. in English from Southern Methodist University and a Ph.D. in English from Emory University. Dr. Johnson is the author of 12 books of fiction, poetry, criticism, and biography, including LAST ENCOUNTER WITH THE ENEMY (Johns Hopkins, 2004), WOMEN I'VE KNOWN: NEW AND SELECTED STORIES (Ontario Review, 2007), the novel STICKY KISSES (Alyson Books, 2001), and several books on Joyce Carol Oates, including INVISIBLE WRITER: A BIOGRAPHY OF JOYCE CAROL OATES (Dutton, 1998) and JOYCE CAROL OATES: CONVERSATIONS 1970–2006 (Ontario Review, 2006). He joined the author team of PERRINE'S LITERATURE in 2002 and has been the sole author since Thomas Arp's passing in 2015.
  • Highlighted poets�Emily Dickinson, John Donne, and Robert Frost�are represented by sufficient numbers of poems to facilitate studying these icons as individual artists.
  • An added portfolio of contemporary poets presents six poems each by five contemporary poets. Featured poets include: Maya Angelou, Billy Collins, Seamus Heaney, Sharon Olds, and Adrienne Rich.
  • Total number of new poems to this edition: 78. Refreshing the poems by contemporary poets are a total of 14 poems new to this edition by contemporary poets Maya Angelou, Billy Collins, Seamus Heaney, and Sharon Olds. Several popular selections such as "Not Waving But Drowning" by Stevie Smith have been reinstated.
  • ENGLISH21 FOR POETRY is now available! This interactive tool enables students to study poetry in a variety of "texts," including video and audio clips, images, and more. Access to ENGLISH21 can be packaged with each new copy of PERRINE'S SOUND AND SENSE.
  • Exemplary literary selections throughout the introductions to poetry's elements not only bring these concepts to life in crystal detail, but represent the best and most important literature that many students will encounter in college.
  • Part 2, "Writing About Poetry," offers exceptionally clear guidance in "Choosing a Topic," "Proving Your Point," "Writing a Paper," "Introducing Quotations," "Documentation," and more. Part 3, "Poems for Further Reading," contains more than 100 works by a wonderful variety of poets.
  • Laurence Perrine's exceptional chapters covering the elements of poetry have effectively introduced students to poetry for over fifty years. From "What Is Poetry?" and "How to Read a Poem," to imagery, allusion, tone, rhythm and meter, these concise chapters offer superb guidance to understanding poetry that remain true to their original vision�and true to the serious study of literature.
  • Unique chapters on evaluating poetry (15 and 16) speak directly to students with straightforward answers to questions most introductions to poetry books ignore: "Is some literature better?" and "How can it be evaluated?"
1. What Is Poetry?
"The Eagle" by Alfred, Lord Tennyson. "Winter" by William Shakespeare. "Dulce et Decorum Est" by Wilfred Owen. Reviewing Chapter One. Understanding and Evaluating Poetry. "Shall I compare thee to a summer''s day?" by William Shakespeare. "The Whipping" by Robert Hayden. "The last Night that She lived" by Emily Dickinson. "Ballad of Birmingham" by Dudley Randall. "Kitchenette Building" by Gwendolyn Brooks. "The Red Wheelbarrow" by William Carlos Williams. "Constantly risking absurdity" by Lawrence Ferlinghetti. "Suicide''s Note" by Langston Hughes. "Terence, this is stupid stuff" by A. E. Housman. "Ars Poetica" by Archibald MacLeish. Suggestions for Writing.
2. Reading the Poem.
"The Man He Killed" by Thomas Hardy. "A Study of Reading Habits" by Philip Larkin. "Is my team plowing" by A. E. Housman. Reviewing Chapter Two. "Break of Day" by John Donne. "There''s been a Death, in the Opposite House" by Emily Dickinson. "When in Rome" by Mari Evans. "Animals Are Passing from Our Lives" by Philip Levine. "Question" by May Swenson. "Mirror" by Sylvia Plath. "The Clod and the Pebble" by William Blake. "Ethics" by Linda Pastan. "Storm Warnings" by Adrienne Rich. Suggestions for Writing.
3. Denotation and Connotation.
"There is no Frigate like a Book" by Emily Dickinson. "When my love swears that she is made of truth" by William Shakespeare. "Pathedy of Manners" by Ellen Kay. Exercises. Reviewing Chapter Three. "Naming of Parts" by Henry Reed. "Cross" by Langston Hughes. "The world is too much with us" by William Wordsworth. "Desert Places" by Robert Frost. "A Hymn to God the Father" by John Donne. "One Art" by Elizabeth Bishop. "35/10" by Sharon Olds. Suggestions for Writing.
4. Imagery.
"Meeting at Night" by Robert Browning. "Parting at Morning" by Robert Browning. Exercises. Reviewing Chapter Four. "Spring" by Gerard Manley Hopkins. "The Widow''s Lament in Springtime" by William Carlos Williams. "The Man with Night Sweats" by Thom Gunn. "I felt a Funeral, in my Brain" by Emily Dickinson. "Living in Sin" by Adrienne Rich. "The Forge" by Seamus Heaney. "After Apple-Picking" by Robert Frost. "Those Winter Sundays" by Robert Hayden. "An August Night" by Seamus Heaney. "The Snow Man" by Wallace Stevens. "To Autumn" by John Keats. Suggestions for Writing.
5. Figurative Language 1: Simile, Metaphor, Personification, Apostrophe, Metonymy.
"Harlem" (previously called "Dream Deferred") by Langston Hughes. "Bereft" by Robert Frost. "It sifts from Leaden Sieves" by Emily Dickinson. "The Author to Her Book" by Anne Bradstreet. "The Telephone" by Maya Angelou. "Bright Star" by John Keats. Exercise. Reviewing Chapter Five. "Mind" by Richard Wilbur. "I taste a liquor never brewed" by Emily Dickinson. "Metaphors" by Sylvia Plath. "Toads" by Philip Larkin. "Ghost of a Chance" by Adrienne Rich. "A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning" by John Donne. "To His Coy Mistress" by Andrew Marvell. "Introduction to Poetry" by Billy Collins. Suggestions for Writing.
6. Figurative Language 2: Symbol, Allegory.
"The Road Not Taken" by Robert Frost. "A Noiseless Patient Spider" by Walt Whitman. "The Sick Rose" by William Blake. "Digging" by Seamus Heaney. "To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time" by Robert Herrick. "Peace" by George Herbert. Exercise. Reviewing Chapter Six. "The Writer" by Richard Wilbur. "Fire and Ice" by Robert Frost. "Up-Hill" by Christina Rossetti. "Harlem Hopscotch" by Maya Angelou. "I Saw in Louisiana a Live-Oak Growing" by Walt Whitman. "Because I could not stop for Death" by Emily Dickinson. "Hymn to God My God, in My Sickness" by John Donne. "Weighing the Dog" by Billy Collins. "Ulysses" by Alfred, Lord Tennyson. Suggestions for Writing.
7. Figurative Language 3: Paradox, Overstatement, Understatement, Irony.
"Much Madness is divinest Sense" by Emily Dickinson. "The Sun Rising" by John Donne. "Incident" by Countee Cullen. "Barbie Doll" by Marge Piercy. "The Chimney Sweeper" by William Blake. "Ozymandias" by Percy Bysshe Shelley. Exercise. Reviewing Chapter Seven. "Lady Luncheon Club" by Maya Angelou. "Batter my heart, three-personed God" by John Donne. "Sorting Laundry" by Elisavietta Ritchie. "The History Teacher" by Billy Collins. "Mid-Term Break" by Seamus Heaney. "A Considerable Speck" by Robert Frost. "The Unknown Citizen" by W. H. Auden. "in the inner city" by Lucille Clifton. "My Last Duchess" by Robert Browning. Suggestions for Writing.
8. Allusion.
"Out, Out--" by Robert Frost. "She should have died hereafter" From MACBETH by William Shakespeare. Reviewing Chapter Eight.
"in Just-" by e. e. cummings. "Yet Do I Marvel" by Countee Cullen. "On His Blindness" by John Milton. "Miniver Cheevy" by Edwin Arlington Robinson. "My son the Man" by Sharon Olds. "Siren Song" by Margaret Atwood. "Journey of the Magi" by T. S. Eliot. "Leda and the Swan" by William Butler Yeats. Suggestions for Writing.
9. Meaning and Idea.
"Little Jack Horner" by Anonymous. "Loveliest of Trees" by A. E. Housman. "Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening" by Robert Frost. Reviewing Chapter Nine. "The Rhodora: On Being Asked Whence Is the Flower?" by Ralph Waldo Emerson. "Design" by Robert Frost. "I never saw a Moor" by Emily Dickinson. "Faith is a fine invention" by Emily Dickinson. "On the Sonnet" by John Keats. "Sonnet" by Billy Collins. "The Lamb" by William Blake. "The Tiger" by William Blake. "The Indifferent" by John Donne. "Love''s Deity" by John Donne. "My Number" by Billy Collins. "I had heard it''s a fight" by Edwin Denby. Suggestions for Writing.
10. Tone.
"For a Lamb" by Richard Eberhart. "Apparently with no surprise" by Emily Dickinson. "Since there''s no help" by Michael Drayton. "Picnic, Lightning" by Billy Collins. Reviewing Chapter Ten. "My mistress'' eyes" by William Shakespeare. "Crossing the Bar" by Alfred, Lord Tennyson. "The Oxen" by Thomas Hardy. "One dignity delays for all" by Emily Dickinson. "''Twas warm - at first - like Us" by Emily Dickinson. "The Apparition" by John Donne. "The Flea" by John Donne. "Dover Beach" by Matthew Arnold. "Church Going" by Philip Larkin. Suggestions for Writing.
11. Musical Devices.
"The Turtle" by Ogden Nash. "That night when joy began" by W. H. Auden. "The Waking" by Theodore Roethke. "God''s Grandeur" by Gerard Manley Hopkins. Exercise. Reviewing Chapter Eleven. "Blow, blow, thou winter wind" by William Shakespeare. "We Real Cool" by Gwendolyn Brooks. "Woman Work" by Maya Angelou. "Rite of Passage" by Sharon Olds. "As imperceptibly as Grief" by Emily Dickinson. "Music Lessons" by Mary Oliver. "Traveling through the dark" by William Stafford. "Thistles" by Ted Hughes. "Nothing Gold Can Stay" by Robert Frost. Suggestions for Writing.
12. Rhythm and Meter.
"Virtue" by George Herbert. Exercises. Reviewing Chapter Twelve. ''"Introduction" to Songs of Innocence" by William Blake. "Had I the Choice" by Walt Whitman. "The Aim Was Song" by Robert Frost. "Stanzas" by George Gordon, Lord Byron. "Old Ladies'' Home" by Sylvia Plath. "Africa" by Maya Angelou. "To a Daughter Leaving Home" by Linda Pastan. "A Blessing" by James Wright. "Porphyria''s Lover" by Robert Browning. "Break, break, break" by Alfred, Lord Tennyson. Suggestions for Writing.
13. Sound and Meaning.
"Pease Porridge Hot" by Anonymous. "Eight O''Clock" by A. E.. Housman. "Sound and Sense" by Alexander Pope. "I heard a Fly buzz - when I died" by Emily Dickinson. Exercise. Reviewing Chapter Thirteen. "Anthem for Doomed Youth" by Wilfred Owen. " Landcrab" by Margaret Atwood. "Tree at My Window" by Robert Frost. " Aunt Jennifer''s Tigers" by Adrienne Rich. "At the round earth''s imagined corners" by John Donne. "Blackberry Eating" by Galway Kinnell. "The Health-Food Diner" by Maya Angelou. "The Dance" by William Carlos Williams. Suggestions for Writing.
14. Pattern.
"The Pulley" by George Herbert. "On First Looking into Chapman''s Homer" by John Keats. "That time of year" by William Shakespeare. "Do Not Go Gentle into That Good Night" by Dylan Thomas. Exercise. Reviewing Chapter Fourteen. "From ROMEO AND JULIET" by William Shakespeare. "Death, be not proud" by John Donne. "The Sheaves" by Edwin Arlington Robinson. "The White City" by Claude McKay. "America" by Claude McKay. "We Wear the Mask" by Paul Laurence Dunbar. "Sonnenizio on a Line from Drayton" by Kim Addonizio. "Acquainted with the Night" by Robert Frost. "In Memory of the Unknown Poet, Robert Boardman Vaughn" by Donald Justice. "Villanelle for an Anniversary" by Seamus Heaney. "The House on the Hill" by Edwin Arlington Robinson. "These are the days when Birds come back" by Emily Dickinson. "Delight in Disorder" by Robert Herrick. "Still to Be Neat" by Ben Jonson. Suggestions for Writing.
15. Evaluating Poetry 1: Sentimental, Rhetorical, Didactic Verse.
"God''s Will for You and Me" and "Pied Beauty." "A Poison Tree" and "The Most Vital Thing in Life." "Lower New York: At Dawn" and "Composed upon Westminster Bridge." "Pitcher" and "The Old-Fashioned Pitcher." "Piano" and "The Days Gone By." "The Engine" and "I like to see it lap the Miles." "When I Have Fears" and "O Solitude!" Suggestions for Writing.
16. Evaluating Poetry 2: Poetic Excellence.
"The Canonization" by John Donne. "Ode on a Grecian Urn" by John Keats. "There''s a certain Slant of light" by Emily Dickinson. "Home Burial" by Robert Frost. "The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock" by T. S. Eliot. "Sunday Morning" by Wallace Stevens. "The Weary Blues" by Langston Hughes. "The Fish" by Elizabeth Bishop. "Diving into the Wreck" by Adrienne Rich.
I. Why Write about Literature?
II. For Whom Do You Write?
III. Two Basic Approaches: 1. Explication. 2. Analysis.
IV. Choosing a Topic.
1. Papers That Focus on a Single Poem. 2. Papers of Comparison and Contrast. 3. Papers on a Number of Poems by a Single Author. 4. Papers on a Number of Poems with Some Feature Other than Authorship in Common.
V. Proving Your Point.
VI. Writing the Paper.
VII. Introducing Quotations (Q1-Q11).
VIII. Documentation.
1. Textual Documentation (TDl-TD5). 2. Parenthetical Documentation (PD1-PD6). 3. Documentation by Works Cited. 4. Documentation of Electronic Sources.
IX. Stance and Style (S1-S6).
X. Grammar, Punctuation, and Usage: Common Problems.
1. Grammar (G1-G2). 2. Punctuation (P1-P5). 3. Usage (U1-U2).
XI. Writing Samples.
1. Explication: "A Study of Reading Habits." 2. Analysis: Diction in "Pathedy of Manners."
"Musée des Beaux Arts" by W. H. Auden. "Main Character" by Jimmy Santiago Baca. "On Her Loving Two Equally" by Aphra Behn. "On Reading Poems to a Senior Class at South High" by D. C. Berry. "Manners" by Elizabeth Bishop. "Sadie and Maud" by Gwendolyn Brooks. "a song in the front yard" by Gwendolyn Brooks. "Tornado at Talladega" by Gwendolyn Brooks. "Combing" by Gladys Cardiff. "To the Ladies" by Mary, Lady Chudleigh. "good times" by Lucille Clifton. "Kubla Khan" by Samuel Taylor Coleridge. "Voyages (1)" by Hart Crane. "War Is Kind" by Stephen Crane. "the Cambridge ladies who live in furnished rooms" by e. e. cummings. "Spring is like a perhaps hand" by e. e. cummings. "A Light exists in Spring" by Emily Dickinson. "A narrow Fellow in the Grass" by Emily Dickinson. "I died for Beauty--but was scarce" by Emily Dickinson. "I like a look of Agony" by Emily Dickinson. "The Good-Morrow" by John Donne. "Song: Go and catch a falling star" by John Donne. "Nexus" by Rita Dove. "Persephone, Falling" by Rita Dove. "Sympathy" by Paul Laurence Dunbar. "Christ climbed down" by Lawrence Ferlinghetti. "The Colonel" by Carolyn Forché. "Birches" by Robert Frost. "Mending Wall" by Robert Frost. "Once by the Pacific" by Robert Frost. "A Supermarket in California" by Allen Ginsberg. "From the Wave" by Thom Gunn. "Snow White and the Seven Deadly Sins" by R. S. Gwynn. "On the Death of a Child " by Daniel Halpern. "Channel Firing" by Thomas Hardy. "The Darkling Thrush" by Thomas Hardy. "Neutral Tones" by Thomas Hardy. "Follower" by Seamus Heaney. "To an Athlete Dying Young" by A. E. Housman. "Aunt Sue''s Stories" by Langston Hughes. "Negro Servant" by Langston Hughes. "Theme for English B" by Langston Hughes. "The Death of the Ball Turret Gunner" by Randall Jarrell. "To Celia" by Ben Jonson. "Warning" by Jenny Joseph. "Men at Forty" by Donald Justice. "La Belle Dame sans Merci" by John Keats. "Ode to a Nightingale" by John Keats. "To one who has been long in city pent" by John Keats. "Aubade" by Philip Larkin. "The Blind Man''s House at the Edge of the Cliff" by Denise Levertov. "To Lucasta, On Going to the Wars" by Richard Lovelace. "Puberty" by William Matthews. "Silence" by Marianne Moore. "Dim Lady" by Harryette Mullen. "I Go Back to May 1937" by Sharon Olds. "The Victims" by Sharon Olds. "Resume" by Dorothy Parker. "A Work of Artifice" by Marge Piercy. "Mad Girl''s Love Song" by Sylvia Plath. "Spinster" by Sylvia Plath. "Wuthering Heights" by Sylvia Plath. "Epigram from the French" by Alexander Pope. "Salutation" by Ezra Pound. "Here Lies a Lady" by John Crowe Ransom. "Poetry: 1" by Adrienne Rich. "The Mill" by Edwin Arlington Robinson. "Mr. Flood''s Party" by Edwin Arlington Robinson. "Richard Cory" by Edwin Arlington Robinson. "I knew a woman" by Theodore Roethke. "My Papa''s Waltz" by Theodore Roethke. "Root Cellar" by Theodore Roethke. "Young" by Anne Sexton. "Let me not to the marriage of true Minds" by William Shakespeare. "Watermelons" by Charles Simic. "The Critic" by C. K. Smith. "Not Waving but Drowning" by Stevie Smith. "Small Town with One Road" by Gary Soto. "One day I wrote her name upon the strand" by Edmund Spenser. "Anecdote of the Jar" by Wallace Stevens. "The Course of a Particular" by Wallace Stevens. "The Death of a Soldier" by Wallace Stevens. "Disillusionment of Ten O''Clock" by Wallace Stevens. "A Description of the Morning" by Jonathan Swift. "Fern Hill" by Dylan Thomas. "The Virgins" by Derek Walcott. "When I Heard the Learn''d Astronomer" by Walt Whitman. "Whoever You Are Holding Me Now in Hand" by Walt Whitman. "Poem" by William Carlos Williams. "Spring and All" by William Carlos Williams. "The Slow Pacific Swell" by Yvor Winters. "A Summer Commentary" by Yvor Winters. "I wandered lonely as a cloud" by William Wordsworth. "The Solitary Reaper" by William Wordsworth. "The Lake Isle of Innisfree" by William Butler Yeats. "Sailing to Byzantium" by William Butler Yeats. "The Second Coming" by William Butler Yeats. "The Wild Swans at Coole" by William Butler Yeats. Glossary and Index of Literary Terms Index of Authors, Titles, and First Lines.

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"Obviously, I love this text—have loved it now for 30 years. . . . I would not take very much out of what is here—it teaches so very well."

"These are all fine poems, to be sure."

"[Chapter 2] is one of my favorite chapters in the book. I remember it helping me over fifteen years ago when I first started teaching poetry at Moorhead State University, and I still find it immensely helpful for my students. I wouldn’t change much here."

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Online Instructor's Manual

ISBN: 9781337097628
This detailed manual provides sample syllabi, course guidelines, in-class exercises, and chapter objectives to assist instructors in teaching the course.