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Each topic in this text is covered by both secondary readings and a wide variety of primary source documents, including legal decisions, diary entries, newspaper reports, literary accounts, government hearings, and advertisements for athletic equipment.
Elliott Gorn and Michael Oriard, "Taking Sports Seriously"
Allen Guttmann, "Capitalism, Protestantism, and the Rise of Modern Sport"
Stephen Hardy, "Urbanization and the Rise of Sport"
II. Sport in Colonial America
King James I Identifies Lawful Sports in England, 1618
Restrictive Sabbath Statutes of Colonial Massachusetts, 1658
An Henrico County, Virginia Horse Race Contract, 1698
An Englishman''s Positive Impressions of Virginia Racing, 1772
Elkanah Watson''s Misgivings on Cockfighting, 1787
George Catlin Describes a Choctaw Lacrosse Match, c. 1830s
Timothy H. Breen, "The Cultural Significance of Gambling Among the Gentry of Virginia"
Nancy Struna, "The Sporting Life in Puritan America"
III. Traditional Sport, Modern Sport, and the Male Bachelor Subculture, 1800-1860
A Traveler Belittles Hunting in Virginia, 1799, and the Carolinas, 1800
James Hall Depicts a Low-life Billiard Parlor, 1828
The Great Foot Race of 1835
Horace Greeley Decries the Slaughter of Boxer Thomas McCoy, 1842
A Policeman Visits the Dissipating Rat Pits of Boston, c. 1860
The New York Herald Reports on "The Great Contest: Fashion v. Peytona," 1845.
Elliott J. Gorn, "The Social Significance of Gouging in the Southern Backcountry"
Melvin L. Adelman, "Harness Racing: The First Modern American
IV. The Making of a Modern Sporting Culture, 1840-1870
Thomas W. Higginson Analyzes American Saints and Their Need for Physical Fitness, 1858
Catharine Beecher Criticizes Women''s Frailty, and Recommends What Should Be Done About It, 1855
American Agriculturist Applauds Ladies on Horseback, 1862
The New York Times Surveys the Skating Scene at Central Park, 1859
The New York Herald Compares Cricket and Baseball, 1859
The Spirit of the Times Examines the Founding of the New York Athletic Club, 1868
Linda J. Borish, "Catharine Beecher and Thomas W. Higginson on the Need for Physical Fitness"
George B. Kirsch, "Baseball Spectators, 1855-1870"
V. Sport and Higher Education in America, 1865-1910
The New York Times Reports on an International Match: The Harvard-Oxford Boat Race, 1869
Coach Walter Camp on Sportsmanship, 1893
Richard Harding Davis Scrutinizes The Rituals of the Thanksgiving Day Football Game, 1893
Henry Beach Needham Decries the Professionalization of College Athletes, 1905
Ronald L. Smith, "Amateurism in Late Nineteenth-Century College Sports"
Robin D. Lester, "The Rise of the Spectator, the Coach and the Player at the University of Chicago, 1895-1905"
VI. Sport and the Rise of the Industrial Radial City 1870-1920
The New York Times Evaluates the Accessibility and Utility of Central Park, 1873, 1875
The New York Clipper Comments the Opening of Jerome Park Race Track and the Revitalization of the Turf, 1866
The New York Clipper Reports on the Astley Belt Race of 1879
The New York Times Lauds Baseball and Community Pride, 1888
The New York Times Considers Madison Square Garden as a Civic Institution, 1900
Harper''s Weekly Examines New York City''s Athletic Clubs, 1892
Stephen Hardy, "Parks for the People: The Rise of Public Parks in Boston, 1869-1900"
Steven A. Riess, "Professional Sports and New York''s Tammany Machine, 1870-1920"
VII. Sport and Class, 1870-1920
Caspar W. Whitney Probes the Evolution of the Country Club, 1894
The Chicago Daily News Describes a Paradise for Hunters, 1895
Philip G. Hubert, Jr., Reflects on "The Bicycle, the Marvel of Its Day," 1895
The Spirit of the Times Demeans the Printer''s Benevolent Association Games, 1887
Charles J. Lucas Criticizes the Commer-cializing of Amateur Athletics, 1905
Donald Mrozek, "Sporting Life as Consumption: Fashion, and Display--The Pastimes of the Rich at the Turn of the Century"
Steven A. Riess, "Sport and the Redefinition of American Middle-Class Masculinity, 1840-1900"
Ted Vincent, "Working Class Runners in the Late Nineteenth Century"
VIII. The Commercialization and Professionalization of Sport 1870-1920
The National Police Gazette Indicts Wyatt Earp as Crooked Referee, 1896
René Bache Computes the Cost of a Day at the Races, 1906
Josiah Flynt Delineates the Evils of Off-Track Poolrooms, 1907
Harper''s Weekly Describes the New Chicago Baseball Grounds, 1883.
The New York Sun''s Portrayal of a Typical Baseball Crowd, 1884
John Montgomery Ward Asks, "Is the Baseball Player a Chattel?"
H. Addington Bruce Analyzes Baseball and National Life, 1913
Supreme Court Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. Explains Why Baseball Is Not Subject to Anti-Trust Laws, 1922
Sears, Roebuck Catalogue Sports Advertisements, 1897
Harold Seymour, "The Creation of the National League in 1876"
Michael Isenberg, "The Sullivan-Corbett Championship Fight of 1892 and the Modernization of Ring Promotion"
IX. Gender and Sport in Modern America 1870-1920
Woodrow Wilson Supports Football and its Promotion of Manliness, 1894
Theodore Roosevelt Examines How Sport Makes Boys Into Men, 1900
Eleanor Waddle Reports the Rise of the Berkeley Ladies'' Athletic Club, 1889
Anne O''Hagan Describes the Athletic American Girl, 1901.
Senda Berenson Asserts the Value of Adapted Women''s Basketball, 1901
Dr. Dudley A. Sargent Asks, "Are Athletics Making Girls Masculine?" 1912
A Female Fan Asks, "Take Me Out to the Ball Game," 1908
Elliott Gorn, "Manliness in the Squared Circle"
Roberta J. Park, "Sport, Gender and Society in the Late Nineteenth Century"
X. Race and Ethnicity in American Sport, 1890-1940
The Chicago Daily News Describes the Quadrennial National Turner Festival, 1893.
The National Police Gazette Supports the Rise of Italian Boxing, 1905
Richard Henry Pratt Encourages Indian Sportsmanship, c. 1894.
The Outlook''s Dismay with Indian Sportsman Jim Thorpe and the Forfeiture of His Olympic Medals, 1913.
Prejudice Against African-American Ball-players in the St. Louis Post-Dispatch, 1911.
James "Cool Papa" Bell Remembers Negro League Baseball in the 1920s and 1930s
The Chicago Commission on Race Relations Examines Racial Contacts in Recreation in the Late 1910s
Randy Roberts, "The 1910 Jeffries-Johnson Fight and Its Impact"
Peter Levine, "Basketball and the Jewish-American Community, 1920s-1930s"
XI. Sports Heroes and American Culture 1909-1940
Burt Standish''s Dick Merriwell Saves the Game, 1909
Commonwealth Memorializes Christy Mathewson, a Real-Life Merriwell, 1925
The Black Sox Scandal and the Fallen Hero: The Confession of Joe Jackson, 1920
Grantland Rice on John L. Sullivan and Babe Ruth as Prowess Heroes, 1925
Grantland Rice Describes the Heroic Qualities of Bobby Jones and Helen Wills, 1928
Congressman Louis Stokes Eulogizes His Hero Jesse Owens, 1980
Roderick Nash, "Sports Heroes of the 1920s"
Chris Meade, "Joe Louis as Emerging Race Hero in the 1930s"
XII. Sport and American Women, Since 1930
The Saturday Evening Post Examines Women''s Softball in World War II America
Billie Jean King Remembers Life as an Outsider in the 1950s and 1960s
Baylor University Athletic Director Grant Teaff Criticizes the Impact of Title IX on Intercollegiate Football, 1992
Attorney Ellen J. Vargyas Analyzes the Inadequacies of Title IX, 1993
Powerlifter Tammy Thompson Identifies the Dangers of Steroids, 1987
Susan E. Cayleff, "Babe Didrikson: The ''Texas Tomboy'' Zaharias"
Susan Cahn, "Women Competing/Gender Contested, 1930s-1950s"
XIII. Sport and Race in America Since 1945
Yankees President Larry McPhail''s Plan to Discourage Integration of Baseball, 1945
Jackie Robinson on the Struggles of His First Spring Training, 1946
The Thoughts of Muhammed Ali in Exile, c. 1967
Harry Edwards Reviews the Making of the Black Athletic Revolt, 1967
Arthur Ashe Supports Proposition 48
Jules Tygiel, "A Lone Negro in the Game: Jackie Robinson''s Rookies Season"
Michael Oriard, "Muhammed Ali: The Hero in the Age of Mass Media"
XIV. The Business of Sport, 1945-1990
Ike Williams Testifies on the Corruption of Boxing in the late 1940s
Norris Poulson Reveals How Los Angeles Got the Brooklyn Dodgers in 1957
Justice Thurgood Marshall Dissents in the Curt Flood Case, 1972
Marvin Miller Analyzes the Achievement of Free Agency, 1975
Mayor Lionel J. Wilson Explains Why Oakland Needs the Raiders, 1984
Randy Roberts and James Olson, "The Impact of Roone Arledge on Televised Sports"
Charles C. Euchner, "The Making of Baltimore''s Camden Yards Stadium"