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General, Organic, and Biochemistry 2nd Edition

James Armstrong

  • Published

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  • OWLv2

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OWLv2
OWLv2 offers a full, mobile-ready textbook combined with mastery learning activities that allow students to understand each concept and skill at their own pace.

This Cengage solution can be seamlessly integrated into most Learning Management Systems (Blackboard, Brightspace by D2L, Canvas, Moodle, and more) but does require a different ISBN for access codes. Please work with your Cengage Learning Consultant to ensure the proper course set up and ordering information. For additional information, please visit the LMS Integration site.

Standalone Digital Access — Ultimate Value

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  • ISBN-10: 1285461754
  • ISBN-13: 9781285461755
  • Bookstore Wholesale Price $120.00
  • RETAIL $120.00

  • ISBN-10: 128546009X
  • ISBN-13: 9781285460093
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  • ISBN-10: 1285461436
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  • RETAIL $299.95

Overview

Focusing on the needs of allied health and nursing majors, GENERAL, ORGANIC, AND BIOCHEMISTRY, 2nd Edition is ideal for students with no prior exposure to chemistry. The author takes the time to explain how to do tasks that students find difficult, rather than just providing terse descriptions. Emphasizing problem-solving techniques without skipping steps, and using terms students can grasp, this edition takes the most direct path to biomolecules and metabolic processes, provides numerous worked examples to help students understand key chemical concepts, and weaves biological and medical applications throughout. Also available: tutorials, simulations and other resources in OWLv2 with the MindTap® Reader.

James Armstrong, City College of San Francisco

Jim Armstrong attended Harvard University as an undergraduate student and then moved to the West coast for graduate school. Since earning his Master's degree at the University of California at Berkeley, Jim has taught in the California community college system. He has been on the faculty of City College of San Francisco for the past 20 years, during which time he has taught the full range of lower-division chemistry courses, with particular emphasis on the single-term GOB course. Ten years ago, he collaborated with the CCSF biology and nursing departments on an extensive revision of the GOB curriculum, and the success of the course revision led to the writing of this textbook. Besides teaching and writing, Jim enjoys playing piano and trombone, collecting topographic maps, bird watching, and doting on his wonderful twin daughters.

Created by teaching chemists, OWLv2 is a powerful online learning system for chemistry with a unique Mastery Learning approach, which allows students to practice at their own pace, receive meaningful feedback and access a variety of learning resources to help them master chemistry and achieve better grades.

  • DESIGNED FOR NURSING AND HEALTH SCIENCES MAJORS. This allied health-focused book takes the most direct path to biomolecules and metabolic processes, includes novel and relevant "Health Notes" in the margins, and weaves biological and medical applications throughout to prepare students for their future careers.
  • EMPHASIS ON PROBLEM SOLVING STRATEGIES. Each Sample Problem is paired with a closely related "Try It Yourself" question. Most sample problems list additional Core Problems that students can do to practice new skills. Steps for solving the conversion problems appear in the margins to guide students through the problem-solving process.
  • FOCUSED ON STUDENT LEARNING. Each chapter begins with a short health-related, 'story type' introduction, followed by numbered sections with learning objectives. Section-ending Core Problems immediately reinforce the section objectives and help students' gauge their knowledge of the content. Key Terms appear in boldface type the first time they are used and are collected at the back of the chapter to facilitate student review.
  • BUILT-IN STUDY GUIDE. End-of-chapter material (keyed to each section) helps students master chapter concepts and problem-solving skills and review for quizzes and tests. Concept Questions encourage students to describe how the ideas in the chapter apply to specific examples, while Summary and Challenge Problems cover all sections and give instructors the opportunity to assign questions at a wide range of levels. Challenge problems are marked with an asterisk and require a greater depth of understanding; many involve concepts from earlier chapters.

General, Organic, and Biochemistry, Hybrid Edition

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. MEASUREMENTS IN SCIENCE AND MEDICINE.
Measuring size: distance, mass, and volume. Measurements in science: precision and accuracy. Metric units and their relationships. Unit conversions and conversion factors. Using multiple conversion factors. Density, dosage, and other compound units
Temperature. Connections: Why Do We Struggle Against the Metric System?
2. ATOMS, ELEMENTS, AND COMPOUNDS.
Classifying matter: mixtures, compounds, and elements. Atoms and atomic structure
Electron shells and valence electrons. An introduction to the periodic table. Isotopes and atomic weight. Moles. Compounds, chemical formulas, and moles. Connections: The Elements of Life.
3. CHEMICAL BONDS.
Covalent bonds and the octet rule. Double and triple bonds. Electronegativity and polar bonds. Naming covalent compounds. Ions and ionic compounds. Writing formula for ionic compounds. Naming ionic compounds. Polyatomic ions. Recognizing ionic and molecular compounds. Connections: Nitrogen and Oxygen: A Remarkable Partnership.
4. ENERGY AND PHYSICAL PROPERTIES.
Heat and energy. The three states of matter. The properties of gases. Gas law calculations. Attractive forces and the physical properties of matter. Solutions and the dissolving process. Electrolytes and dissociation. Connections: Temperature, Pressure, and Volume in Everyday Life.
5. SOLUTION CONCENTRATION.
Concentration. Solubility. The relationship between solubility and molecular structure. Molarity. Osmosis, dialysis, and tonicity. Equivalents. Dilution. Connections: Physiological Dehydration.
6. CHEMICAL REACTIONS.
Physical changes and chemical reactions. Chemical equations. Mass relationships in a chemical reaction. Heats of reaction. Combustion reactions and the carbon cycle.
Reaction rate and activation energy. Chemical equilibrium. Connections: Energy from Food.
7. ACIDS AND BASES.
The self-ionization of water. The pH scale. Properties of acids. Properties of bases. Acid-base reactions. Amphiprotic molecules and ions. Buffers. The role of buffers in human physiology. Connections: Consequences of Blood pH Changes.
8. NUCLEAR CHEMISTRY.
Nuclear symbols. Writing nuclear equations. Energy and nuclear reactions. Measuring radiation. Radiation sources and shielding. Nuclear decay and half-life.
Nuclear fission and fusion. Connections: Diagnostic Imaging.
9. HYDROCARBONS: AN INTRODUCTION TO ORGANIC MOLECULES.
The special properties of carbon. Linear alkanes: the foundation of organic chemistry.
Branched alkanes, cycloalkanes, and isomers. Naming branched alkanes: the IUPAC system. Functional groups. Alkenes and alkynes. Cis and trans isomers of alkenes. Benzene and aromatic compounds. Properties of hydrocarbons. Connections: High-Octane Hydrocarbons.
10. HYDRATION, DEHYDRATION, AND ALCOHOLS.
The hydration reaction. Controlling the product: an introduction to enzymes. Naming alcohols. The physical properties of alcohols. Chirality in organic molecules.
The dehydration reaction. Phenols and thiols. Connections: Alcohols for Drinking – Or Not.
11. CARBONYL COMPOUNDS AND REDOX REACTIONS.
Hydrogenation and dehydrogenation. Oxidation and reduction reactions and the carbonyl group. The naming and properties of aldehydes and ketones. Other oxidation and reduction reactions. Carboxylic acids. Biological oxidations and reductions: the redox coenzymes. Introduction to metabolic pathways. Connections: Fragrances and Flavors.
12. ORGANIC ACIDS AND BASES.
Reactions of organic acids. Decarboxylation reactions. Amines. Acid-base reactions of amines. The physiological behavior of organic acids and bases. Connections: Messing With Your Mind: The Power of Tryptamines.
13. CONDENSATION AND HYDROLYSIS REACTIONS.
An introduction to condensation reactions: ethers. Esterification, amidation, and phosphorylation. Condensation polymers. Hydrolysis. The effect of pH on the products of hydrolysis. The ATP cycle. Connections: Common Pain Relievers.
14. PROTEINS.
Amino acids. Peptide bonds and the secondary structure of a protein. Side chain interactions and tertiary structure. Protein denaturation. Enzyme structure and function. Sources and metabolism of amino acids. Connections: Enzyme Assays in Medicine.
15. CARBOHYDRATES.
Monosaccharides. Isomeric forms of monosaccharides: anomers and enantiomers. Disaccharides and the glycosidic linkage. Common disaccharides and polysaccharides. Carbohydrate catabolism. Connections: The Importance of Blood Glucose.
16. LIPIDS AND MEMBRANES.
Fatty acids and triglycerides. Chemical reactions of triglycerides. Catabolism of fatty acids. Glycerophospholipids and cell membranes. Concentration gradients and ATP formation. Connections: Brown Adipose Tissue and Uncouplers.
17. NUCLEIC ACIDS, PROTEIN SYNTHESIS, AND HEREDITY.
Nucleotides. Structures of nucleic acids. DNA replication. Transcription and RNA processing. Translation and the genetic code. The mechanism of protein synthesis. Mutations and genetic disorders. Connections: The Human Genome Project and Genetic Screening.
Appendix A: Mathematics Supplement.
Appendix B: Summary of Organic Functional Groups.
Appendix C: Answers to Selected Problems.

Cengage provides a range of supplements that are updated in coordination with the main title selection. For more information about these supplements, contact your Learning Consultant.

FOR INSTRUCTORS

Online PowerLecture with ExamView®

ISBN: 9781285464107
Search for this text at login.CENGAGE.com and choose Instructor Companion Site to access these digital resources for this text: 1) PowerPoint® lecture slides by Melanie Harvey and Krista Thomas of Johnson County Community College; 2) Image libraries for figures, photographs, and numbered tables; 3) Instructor's Manual by Simon Bott of University of Houston, Calhoun; 3) Sample chapters from the Student Solutions Manual. 4) List of end-of-chapter questions that you can assign in OWLv2; 5) Cognero® online testing software with questions by Bette Kreua of University of Michigan, Dearborn; 6) Chemistry Multimedia Library of lecture-ready animations, simulations, and movies.

Student Solutions Manual

ISBN: 9781285461779
This manual features complete, worked-out solutions to all the odd-numbered problems. The solutions are specifically designed to complement the worked examples in the core text.

FOR STUDENTS

Student Solutions Manual

ISBN: 9781285461779
Containing worked out solutions to all odd-numbered problems in the book, this manual shows you how to approach and solve problems using the same step-by-step explanations found in your textbook examples.