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In CRIMINAL JUSTICE IN AMERICA, Eighth Edition, authors George Cole, Christopher Smith, and Christina DeJong have accomplished much within a brief format. This concise introductory criminal justice text not only introduces students to the field's foundations and individual components, but also to the many professional opportunities available in the justice system – all within a unique interdisciplinary framework and emphasizing how public policy impacts criminal justice as it is practiced today. Created as an alternative to more expensive, encyclopedic introductory texts, this reader-friendly best seller incorporates ideas, themes, and theories from criminology, sociology, law, history, psychology, and political science. In addition to a strong interdisciplinary emphasis, CRIMINAL JUSTICE IN AMERICA teaches students to become better citizens by helping them think critically about what justice means in our society and how individuals can play a role in defining that meaning.
- "Evidence-Based Practice and Policy" boxes show how research-driven decisions help criminal justice officials use scarce resources to address problems, highlighting the need for future criminal justice professionals to understand and use research from such fields as psychology and public administration. Students consider the drug policy debate and whether the U.S. should treat substance abuse as a public health or a crime problem (Ch. 1), and decide if cutting budgets for corrections programs to reduce taxpayer burdens is "better" than increasing budgets to reduce recidivism (Ch. 11).
- Group-work activities have been added to this edition by including a group or classroom exercise in each of the book's "Policy Debate" boxes. For example, a new "Policy Debate" in Chapter 14 discusses domestic law enforcement agencies' use of drones, and then asks students to work in groups to represent each side of the public debate, taking on the roles of police chief and members of a civil liberties group.
- New content discusses many contemporary issues influencing the criminal justice system today, including intelligence-led policing and evidence-based policing, government data collection as part of homeland security programs, transnational crime and human trafficking, financial crimes that target the elderly, political crimes (i.e., the release of confidential documents by Edward Snowden and Chelsea Manning), legalization of marijuana for medical and recreational purposes, the measurement of repeat victimization in the NCVS, gun control policy, and the privatization of prison health care.
- New topics include the most recent 2014 death row exoneration (Glen Ford in Louisiana), shortages of lethal injection drugs and the possibility states might consider returning to older execution methods, the Justice Reinvestment Initiative and community-based alternatives to prison, probation's role in the philosophy of community justice programs, new examples of technology and crime, gunshot detection technology, the use of police software to predict crimes and deploy police resources, the use of individual body cameras by police officers, and new juvenile justice programs.
- This edition discusses recent U.S. Supreme Court decisions affecting law enforcement and corrections, including Florida v. Jardines, Bailey v. United States, Missouri v. McNeely, Maryland v. King, and Millbrook v. United States.
- "Criminal Justice: Myth and Reality" features in each chapter address common myths and misconceptions about crime and criminal justice, providing an interesting and effective way to engage students, stimulate class discussion, and encourage critical thinking.
- "A Question of Ethics: Think, Discuss, Write" at the end of each chapter asks students to consider real cases concerning such topics as police use of force or probation officers' acceptance of bribes. Students are challenged to place themselves in the position of administrators who must think about how to organize and reform training, supervision, and other elements essential for addressing ethical lapses by justice system officials.
- To provide maximum learning reinforcement, each chapter begins with learning objectives that are matched to end-of-chapter summary sections and linked to corresponding questions in the accompanying Test Bank.
- The authors' widely lauded interdisciplinary approach draws on research from criminology, law, history, sociology, psychology, and political science. This treatment facilitates a deeper understanding of the American criminal justice system by examining subjects such as social systems, social problems, determinants of individual behavior, government processes, policy making, and conceptions of morality and justice.
- "What Americans Think" features throughout the book give students the opportunity to review public opinion polls and then consider a related critical thinking question.
- "Careers in Criminal Justice" boxes feature profiles of people working in the field and current information on real-world job qualifications, outlooks, salaries, and more, such as growing opportunities with the U.S. Customs and Border Protection agency of the Department of Homeland Security.
Part I: CRIME AND THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM.
1. The Criminal Justice System.
2. Crime and Crime Causation.
3. Criminal Justice and the Rule of Law.
Part II: POLICE.
5. Policing: Contemporary Issues and Challenges.
6. Police and Law.
Part III: COURTS.
7. Courts and Adjudication
8. Pretrial Procedures, Plea Bargaining, and the Criminal Trial.
9. Punishment and Sentencing.
Part IV: CORRECTIONS.
11. Incarceration and Prison Society.
12. Probation and Intermediate Sanctions.
Part V: SPECIAL ISSUES IN CRIMINAL JUSTICE.
13. Reentry into the Community.
14. Technology and Criminal Justice.
15. Juvenile Justice.
Cengage provides a range of supplements that are updated in coordination with the main title selection. For more information about these supplements, contact your Learning Consultant.
These vibrant Microsoft® PowerPoint® lecture slides for each chapter assist you with your lecture by providing concept coverage using images, figures, and tables directly from the textbook.
Online Test Bank
Organize your course and capture your students' attention with the resources found in the Test Bank, including multiple-choice, true/false, short-answer, and essay questions -- most with answers and page references for each chapter of the text. Each question in the test bank has been carefully reviewed by experienced criminal justice instructors for quality, accuracy, and content coverage to insure that you are working with an assessment and grading resource of the highest caliber.
Online Instructor's Manual
This detailed manual provides sample syllabi, course guidelines, in-class exercises, and chapter objectives to assist instructors in teaching the course.
Cengage Learning Testing, powered by Cognero® Instant Access
Cengage Learning Testing Powered by Cognero® is a flexible, online system that allows you to: import, edit, and manipulate content from the text's test bank or elsewhere, including your own favorite test questions; create multiple test versions in an instant; and deliver tests from your LMS, your classroom, or wherever you want.