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With ANTHOLOGY OF WORLD SCRIPTURES, your students will encounter the most notable and instructive sacred texts from major world religions, including: Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism, Confucianism, Taoism, Shinto, Zoroastrianism, Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, in addition to scriptures from new religious movements including: Baha'i, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, the Christian Science Church, and the Unification Church. ANTHOLOGY OF WORLD SCRIPTURES presents scripture readings in context, showing students how each religion is actually practiced today, as well as introducing its history, teachings, organization, ethics and rituals. These selections are supported by introductions, study questions, glossaries, extensive footnotes, timelines, scriptural charts and suggestions for further reading by the editor. A new premium website features many interactive resources including a Zoom Gallery powered by Google Earth, an interactive study tool which brings to life the geography, lands, and religious sites important to each religion.
- A new insert with maps has been added to show the geography and history of many of the religions discussed in the text.
- More photographs have been included to help students visualize the scriptures and their uses.
- New selections have been added in several chapters, including "pro and con" readings on a variety of topics.
- A newly revised and expanded Premium Website includes flashcards, learning objectives, practice quizzes, and more.
- To promote comprehension of the material and critical thinking on it, the text provides explanatory introductions to the readings, charts of scripture canons with timelines, full annotations for the more difficult items in the readings, questions for study and discussion, and a glossary with pronunciations.
- A chapter on new religious movements offers insight into the history, teachings and practices of Baha'i, Christian Science, the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, the Unification Church, and Falun Gong.
- Scriptural charts, which appear in each chapter, function as a visual guide to the material. Extensive footnotes provide clarification of terms, explanation of cultural and historical references and other information to help students gain a deeper understanding of the selections.
- Extensive footnotes provide clarification of terms, explanation of cultural and historical references and other information to help students gain a deeper understanding of the selections.
1. SCRIPTURE AMONG THE WORLD''S RELIGIONS.
A Brief History of Scripture Scholarship. The Definition of Scripture. The Uses of Scripture. Advantages and Disadvantages of Studying Religions through their Scriptures . World Scriptures and Modern Scholarship . Scriptures and the World Wide Web . The Plan of This Book. Suggestions on How to Read Scriptures. Glossary. Questions for Study and Discussion. Premium Website.
Introduction. Overview of Structure. Contemporary Use. Historical Origin and Development. Teaching.. Aditi and the Birth of the Gods (Rig-Veda 10.72). Two Philosophical Views of Creation (Rig-Veda 10.129; Brihad-Aranyaka. Upanishad 1.4.4-7). The God Indra (Rig-Veda 2.12). Rudra and Shiva (Shvetashvatara Upanishad 3.1-13). "That You Are" (Chandogya Upanishad 6.1-2, 9-11). Hindu Rejection of Buddhism and Jainism (Vishnu Purana 3.18). Ethics. Sin and Forgiveness (Rig-Veda 7.86). The Three Da''s (Brihadaranyaka Upanishad 5.2). The Way of Knowledge (Mundaka Upanishad 2.1-3, 5-8, 10-13). Stages of Life for a Twice-Born Man (Laws of Manu 2.69-74, 191-201; 3.1-19; 6.1-9, 33-49). The Life of Women (Laws of Manu 3.55-60; 5.147-165). Organization. Creation and the Caste System (Rig-Veda 10.90.1-14). The Duties of the Four Castes (Institutes of Vishnu 2.1-17). The Outcastes (Laws of Manu 10.51-57). Ritual and Meditation. The Gayatri Mantra (Rig-Veda 3.62.10). Sacrifice to Agni in the Vedas and Brahmanas (Rig-Veda 1.1; Agni-Brahmana 1.1-19). Soma (Rig-Veda 8.48). Marriage (Rig-Veda 10.85.20-47). Cremation (Rig-Veda 10.16). Charms and Spells (Atharva-Veda 6.20; 7.70; 6.9; 3.16). Chanting of Om (Chandogya Upanishad 1.1.1-10). The Practice of Yoga (Shvetashvatara Upanishad 2.8-15). SELECTIONS FROM THE BHAGAVAD-GITA. TWO TAMIL POETS, APPAR AND TUKARAM. Appar: "Confession of Sin," "The Presence of God". Tukaram: "Waiting," "The Burden of the Past". Glossary. Questions for Study and Discussion. Scriptures in Film. Premium Website.
Introduction. Overview of Structure. Contemporary Use. Historical Origin and Development. History. The Past Lives of Siddhartha Gotama (Jataka 190, Birth-Story of the Blessing of the Commandments). The Life of Siddhartha Gotama (Acts of the Buddha, selections). The Death of Gotama Buddha (Book of the Great Decease 6.1-12, 31-35, 45-48). Teaching. The Four Noble Truths (Book on Turning the Wheel of the Law 1-8). The Noble Eightfold Path (Book on Turning the Wheel of the Law 9-20). The Skandhas and the Chain of Causation (Acts of the Buddha 16.1, 28-50). The Essence of Mahayana Buddhism (The Heart Sutra). A Mahayana View of the Buddha (Lotus Sutra 2.36; 10.1). The Blessings of the Pure Land (Array of the Joyous Land Sutra). Tibetan Buddhist Enlightenment According to Milarepa (The Life of Milarepa 2.7). Ethics. Conduct of the Monk (Verses on Teaching 25). Admonition to Laity (Cullavagga, Dammikasutta 18-27). Parable of the Burning House (Lotus Sutra 3. Xx). Organization. Founding of the Monastic Order (Mahavagga 1.6.10, 11-16, 27-30, 32, 34, 37). Founding of the Order of Nuns (Cullavagga 10.1.1-6). The Rules of Defeat for Monks and Nuns (Patimokkha, Parajika Dhamma 1-4). Rules Requiring Formal Meetings of Monks (Patimokkha, Samghadisesa Dhamma 1-13). Ritual.. The Relics of the Buddha (Book of the Great Decease 6.58-60). Mindfulness in Meditation (Majjhima-nikaya, Satipatthanasutta 10.1-9). A Mahayana View of the Merit of Making Images (Taisho Shinshu Daizokyo 16.694). Tibetan Scripture to Guide the Soul after Death (Tibetan Book of the Dead 1.1-2). A Zen Koan, "What Is Extraordinary?" (The Blue Cliff Record 26). Glossary. Questions for Study and Discussion. Scriptures in Film. Premium Website.
Introduction. Overview of Structure. Historical Origin and Development, and Contemporary Use. History.. The Life of Mahavira (Acaranga Sutra 2.15.6-9, 14, 16-20, 22-25, 27). Teaching. The Causes of Sin (Acaranga Sutra 1.1-2). The Road to Final Deliverance (Uttaradhyayana Sutra 28). Ethics. Ahimsa (Sutra Kritanga 1.7.1-9). Rules for Monastic Life (Uttaradhyayana Sutra 35). Organization. The Five Great Vows (Acaranga Sutra 2.15.1-4). Glossary. Questions for Study and Discussion. Premium Website. 5. SIKHISM.
Introduction. Overview of Structure. Contemporary Use. Historical Origin and Development. Teaching. Selections from the Japji (Adi Granth, Japji 1-3, 5-6, 9, 15, 17-18, 20-22). Remembering God (Adi Granth, Gauri Sukhmani, Mahala 5). Dancing for Krishna (Adi Granth, Rag Gurji, Mahala 3). The Hindu Thread (Adi Granth, Asa Ki Var, Mahala 1). Ethics. Prayer for Forgiveness (Adi Granth, Rag Bihagra, Mahala 5). Against the Use of Wine (Adi Granth, Rag Bihagra, Mahala 1). Organization. The Guru (Adi Granth, Rag Gauri, Mahala 3). God''s Power in the Sikh Community (Adi Granth, Rag Gauri, Mahala 5). Ritual.. Hymn for the Installation of the Guru Granth (Adi Granth, Rag Devgandhari, Mahala 5). A Marriage Hymn (Adi Granth, Rag Asa, Mahala 5). SELECTIONS FROM THE DASAM GRANTH. Guru Gobind Singh''s Story (Dasam Granth, Vichitar Natak 6). God as the Holy Sword (Dasam Granth, Vichitar Natak 6). Glossary. Questions for Study and Discussion. Scriptures in Film. Premium Website.
Introduction. Overview of Structure. Contemporary Use. Historical Origin and Development. History.. The Character of Confucius (Analects 2.4; 7.1-9, 19-24; 10.1-3, 8-12). Teaching. The Way (Analects 16.2). The Goodness of Human Nature (Mencius 6.1.1-4, 6). Ethics. The Virtues of the Superior Man (Analects 1.1-4, 6-9, 14; 15.17-23). The Five Relationships (Classic of Rites 20.8-9). Benevolence (Analects 4.1-6). The Actions and Attitudes of Filiality (Classic of Rites 10.1, 4, 7, 10-11, 13-15; Analects 2.5-7; 4.18-21; 13.18). Propriety (Analects 3.3-4, 8, 12-14, 1 7-19). The Love of Learning (Analects 1 7.8-9). The Basis of Good Government (Great Learning 1, 3-7; 9.1, 3-5). Confidence and Prosperity in Government (Mencius 4.3, 9; 1.6.20-24). Ritual.. Divination (Classic of Changes 1, 47, 54). Songs for Sacrifice (Classic of Poetry: Kau 7; Minor Odes 10.1, 3; Minor Odes 5). Music and Morality (Classic of Rites 1 7.2.10-11, 15-16, 18). Attack on Buddhism (Ch''ang-li hsien-sheng wen-chi 39.2b-42). Glossary. Questions for Study and Discussion. Scriptures in Film. Premium Website.
Introduction. Overview of Structure. Contemporary Use, Historical Origin, and Development. Teaching. The Nature of the Dao (Daode Jing 1, 6, 25, 34; Zhuangzi 29). The World (Daode Ching 7, 42, 52). The Relationship of Taoism to Confucianism (Pao-p''u Tzu 7.5a). Ethics. Effortless Action (Zhuangzi 7). Individual Life in Harmony with the Tao (Daode Jing 16, 22, 33, 44). The Superior Man (Zhuangzi 12). Government (Daode Jing 3, 18, 57, 64). On Death (Zhuangzi 18). Reward and Retribution (T''ai-Shang 1). Ritual.. Methods of Prolonging Life (Pao-p''u tzu 15.6b-7a; 19.6b-7a). The Origins of Feng Shui (Zang Shu 1.1-4, 7-25, 30-43). Glossary. Questions for Study and Discussion. Scriptures in Film. Premium Website.
Introduction. SELECTIONS FROM THE KOJIKI. Preface to the Kojiki. The Creation of Japan (Kojiki 1-5, 33). The Story of Emperor Yuryaku and the Woman Akawi-ko (Kojiki 154). Glossary. Questions for Study and Discussion. Scriptures in Film. Companion Website.
Introduction. Overview of Structure. Contemporary Use. Historical Origin and Development. History.. The Call of Zarathushtra (Yasna 29). A Hymn of Praise to Zarathushtra (Yasht 24:87b-94). Teaching. AND Ethics. Hymn to Ahura and the Purifying Fire (Yasna 36). Hymn to Ahura Mazda the Creator (Yasna 37:1-5). The Choice Between Good and Evil (Yasna 30). Judgment of the Soul on Chinvat Bridge (Menok I Khrat 2.110-195). Ritual.. The Place of the Gathas (Yasna 55:1-3). The Zoroastrian Confession (Yasna 12). The Four Great Prayers (From the Yasna). Disposal of the Dead (Vendidad, Fargard 6.5, 44-51). Glossary. Questions for Study and Discussion. Premium Website.
Introduction. Names. Overview of Structure. Contemporary Use. Historical Origin and Development. History.. The Call of Abraham (Genesis 12:1-9). The Call of Moses (Exodus 3:1-20). Crossing the Red Sea (Exodus 14:1-31). The Covenant with Israel (Exodus 19:1-8). Ezra''s Enforcement of Torah Observance (Ezra 9:1-7, 13-15; 10:1-12). Teaching. The Oneness of God (Deuteronomy 6:1-9). God''s Creation of the World (Genesis 1:1-31; 2:1-9, 15-25). The Revolt of Humanity (Genesis 3:1-24). Prayer for Divine Deliverance (Psalm 5). The Messianic King (Isaiah 11:1-9). The Final Judgment of the World (Daniel 7:1-14). Resurrection of the Dead (Daniel 12:1-3). Ethics. The Ten Commandments (Exodus 20:1-14). Laws on Slaves, Violence, and Property (Exodus 21:1-36; 22:15-26). Justice for All (Exodus 23:1-9). Holy War (Deuteronomy 20:1-20). Sexual Love (Song of Songs 1:1-2:1 7). God''s Call to an Unfaithful People (Amos 4:1-13). Two Views of Wisdom (Proverbs 1:1-9, 20-33; Ecclesiastes 1:1-9). The Virtuous Wife (Proverbs 31:10-31). Organization. Sacrifice and the Ordination of Priests (Exodus 29:1-37). A Call to Be a Prophet (Isaiah 6:1-13). Women as Judges and Prophets (Judges 4:4-10, 12-16; 2 Kings 22:11-20). Ritual.. The Establishment of Circumcision (Genesis 17:9-14, 23-27). The Establishment of the Passover (Exodus 12:1-19, 24-27). The Observance of the Sabbath (Exodus 31:12-1 7). The Day of Atonement (Leviticus 16:1-5, 11-19, 29-34). Kosher and Nonkosher Foods (Leviticus 11:1-31, 41-45). SELECTIONS FROM RABBINIC LITERATURE. The Chain of Rabbinic Tradition: ''The Sayings of the Fathers''" (Mishnah, Aboth 1.1-18). The Three-Fold Cord of Life (Tosefta, Kiddushin 1:13-1 7). An Example of Rabbinic Debate: The Duty to Marry and Have Children (Babylonian Talmud, Yebamoth 61b-63). Kabbalah Mysticism: The Call of Abraham (Zohar 80). Glossary. Questions for Study and Discussion. Scriptures in Film. Premium Website.
Introduction. Names. Overview of Structure. Contemporary Use. Historical Origin and Development. History. The Birth of Jesus the Messiah (Matthew 1:18-25). Jesus''s Miracles (Luke 8:26-56). The Arrest, Trial, and Death of Jesus (Mark 14:43-50, 53-65; 15:1-41). The Resurrection of Jesus (Mark 16:1-8). The Ascension of Jesus (Acts of the Apostles 1:6-11). The Coming of the Holy Spirit (Acts of the Apostles 2:1-21). Persecution of the Apostles (Acts of the Apostles 5:27-42). The Council at Jerusalem (Acts of the Apostles 15:1-21). Teaching. The Parables of Jesus (Mark 4:1-34). The Divine Word Became Human (John 1:1-18). Nicodemus Visits Jesus (John 3:1-21). A Sinful Woman Forgiven (Luke 7:36-50). Results of Justification (Romans 5:1-11). The End of Time (Matthew 25:31-46; Revelation 20:1-21:4). Ethics. The Sermon on the Mount (Matthew 5-7). Paul''s Directions Concerning Marriage (1 Corinthians 7:1-16, 25-40). Love (1 Corinthians 13:1-13). Ethics in the Christian Household (Ephesians 5:21-6:9). Two Views on Christians and the Roman State (Romans 13:1-10; Revelation 17:1-18:5). Organization. The Twelve Apostles and Their Mission (Matthew 10:1-15). Matthew''s Church Order (Matthew 18:1-10, 15-22). Peter as the Rock (Matthew 16:13-20). Qualifications of Bishops and Deacons (1 Timothy 3:1-13). Contrasting Views on Women in the Early Church (Luke 10:38-42; Galatians 3:25-28; 1 Corinthians 11:2-16; 1Timothy 2:8-15). Ritual.. Baptism (Matthew 28:16-20; Romans 6:1-14). The Eucharist (Matthew 26:1 7-19, 26-29; John 6:25-40, 52-59). Confession and Anointing (James 5:13-18). SELECTIONS FROM EARLY NONCANONICAL JESUS TRADITION. Hidden Teachings of the Risen Jesus (Gospel of Thomas 1-2, 13-14, 18, 22, 29, 49-50, 53, 83-84, 99, 101). Glossary. Questions for Study and Discussion. Scriptures in Film. Premium Website.
Introduction. Name. Overview of Structure. Contemporary Use. Historical Origin and Development. History.. The Call of Muhammad (Qur''an 96:1-19; 53:1-18). The Mission of Muhammad (Qur''an 11:1-16; 93). Opposition to Muhammad (Qur''an 52:30-49; 63). The Night Journey (Qur''an 1 7:1-2). The Flight to Medina (Qur''an 9:40). The Wives of Muhammad (Qur''an 33:28-33, 37-40, 48-49). The Death of Muhammad (Qur''an 21:34-36). Teaching. God''s Absolute Oneness (Qur''an 6:100-103; 112). God''s Names (Qur''an 59:22-24). Predestination (Qur''an 42:8-13; 7:177-179). Jinn (Qur''an 72:1-15). Creation (Qur''an 15:16-48). Adam, Eve, and the Fall (Qur''an 2:29-37). The Holy Qur''an (Qur''an 42:50-53; 46:1-13; 2:87-91). On Unbelievers, Jews, and Christians (Qur''an 9:1-7; 3:38-50; 2:111-121, 132-137). Resurrection and Judgment (Qur''an 75:1-15; 69:14-35). Heaven and Hell (Qur''an 76:1-22; 56:1-39; 77:1-39). Ethics. The Conduct of Believers (Qur''an 1 7:23-38). Women (Qur''an 4:19-22, 34-39; 2:220-223, 227-233). Against Evil Magic (Qur''an 113; 114). The Different Dimensions of Struggle (Jihad) (Qur''an 6:16, 19-20; 48:11-21; 2:190-194, 216-218). Law Codes (Qur''an 4:1-10). Ritual. The Opening of the Qur''an (Qur''an 1). Confession of Faith (Qur''an 57:1-7; 37:32-39). Prayer (Qur''an 2:142-149). Alms (Qur''an 107; 9:53-60). The Fast (Qur''an 2:183-186). Pilgrimage (Qur''an 2:125-129; 2:196-199). The Mosque (Qur''an 24:36-38; 9:15-18). SELECTIONS FROM THE HADITH. Innovations. The Origin of Ritual Washings. Times for Prayer. Alms. The Centrality of Monotheism. The Ninety-Nine Names for God. The Power of Reading the Qur''an. Rich Rewards for Martyrs in Jihad. Plunder in Jihad. Not Killing Women and Children in Jihad. Steps for Jihad against Enemies. Glossary. Questions for Study and Discussion. Scriptures in Film. Premium Website.
13. NEW RELIGIOUS MOVEMENTS.
Introduction. Name. Overview of Structure. Contemporary Use. Historical Origins and Development. THE SCRIPTURE OF BAHA''I. History: The Essence of Baha''i Teaching and the Life of Baha''u''llah (Shoghi Effendi, The Promised Day Is Come, Preface). Teaching: Islam and Christianity (The Bab, Qayyumu''l-Asma, 1, 61-62) 348. Ethics: Baha''i Laws (Baha''u''llah, Kitab-I-Aqdas, 1-2, 12-14, 16, 30-34, 45, 49, 56,63-65, 149-150, 189). Ritual: Baha''i Prayers (Short Obligatory Prayer, Medium Obligatory Prayer, Prayer for America). THE SCRIPTURE OF THE CHURCH OF JESUS CHRIST OF LATTER-DAY SAINTS. History: Joseph Smith''s Story (Pearl of Great Price, "Joseph Smith-History 1" 1-22,25-35, 40-47, 51-54, 59-62, 67-74). History: The First Description of the Book of Mormon (Book of Mormon, original title page). History: Preparations for the Trek to Utah (Doctrine and Covenants 136.1-11, 1 7-24, 30-42). Teaching: The Coming of Jesus Christ in 34 C.E. to the New World (Book of Mormon, 3 Nephi 11.1-41). Teaching: Destruction of the Nephites and Burial of the Golden Plates (Book of Mormon, Mormon 6:1-3, 6-11, 16-22). Teaching: The Essence of Latter-day Saint Doctrine (Pearl of Great Price, "Articles of Faith" 1-13). Ethics and Organization: Church Pronouncements on Polygamy and Men of African Descent (Doctrine and Covenants, "Official Declarations" 1, 2). THE SCRIPTURE OF CHRISTIAN SCIENCE. History: Introduction to the Work of Mary Baker Eddy (Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures, Preface). Teaching: The Essence of Christian Science (Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures, "Recapitulation"). Teaching: Prayer and Its Role in Healing (Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures, "Prayer"). Teaching: Interpretation of Genesis 1 (Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures, "Genesis"). Ritual: Two Testimonials to Healing (Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures, "Fruitage"). THE SCRIPTURE OF THE UNIFICATION CHURCH. Teaching: Dual Characteristics of the Universe and of Human Beings (Divine Principle 188.8.131.52). Teaching: The Purpose of the Creation of the Universe (Divine Principle 184.108.40.206). Teaching: The Spiritual and Physical Falls of Adam and Eve (Divine Principle 220.127.116.11-2). Teaching: The Restoration of Humanity (Divine Principle 1.3, Introduction). Teaching: Salvation through the Second Messiah, the True Parent (Divine Principle 2, Introduction). Teaching: The Second Messiah as a Korean (Divine Principle 2.6, Introduction; 18.104.22.168-3). THE SCRIPTURE OF FALUN GONG. Teaching: Main Characteristics of the Falun Gong Movement (Li Hongzhi, Zhuan Falun, Lecture 1, Conclusion). Glossary. Questions for Study and Discussion. Scriptures in Film. Premium Website.
"This is the best anthology I have found, which is why I use it every year."
"A fascinating anthology of world scriptures, each briefly annotated and all offering key concepts in each faith covered."
"Has all the basics needed to introduce students to scriptures from the world religions."
"It provides all the primary readings students will need in a single text."
"This is a concise, well-written introduction to the major world religions' basic concepts and texts."
"This text provides a rich compendium of thematic sections of the world's scriptures."