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Whether you are studying education, languages, psychology, anthropology, English, or teaching English as a Second Language (TESL), AN INTRODUCTION TO LANGUAGE, Ninth Edition, offers the information you need in a clear and descriptive manner that assumes no prior knowledge of linguistics. This edition retains the same blend of humor and up-to-date information that have made the text a perennial best-seller, while adding new research and exercises that render each topic fresh, engaging, and current.
- Text has been thoroughly revised to reflect developments in linguistics and related fields, to clarify, to include many new exercises – all to enhance students' understanding and insight. IPA symbols are used throughout.
- Chapters 3 and 4 on Morphology and Syntax have been extensively revised to reflect current views on topics such as binary branching, heads and complements, and X-bar phrase structure
- In chapter 9, the sections on Psychology of Language and Computational Linguistics have been rewritten and restructured. Computational Linguistics is reorganized into two subsections: technicalities and applications. The applications section includes an entirely new presentation of forensic computational linguistics.
- Chapter 10 on Sociolinguistics has been completely reorganized and expanded to include an entirely new section on language and education that discusses various issues facing the classroom teacher in multicultural schools. The section on languages in contact has been updated with new material on pidgins and creoles that includes their origins, interrelationships, and subtypes.
- In Chapter 11, the section on Extinct and Endangered Languages has been revised and updated to reflect the intense interest in this critical subject.
- The text's signature cartoons illustrate the authors' clear descriptions of complex linguistic points and principles.
- The authors' up-to-date descriptions of the major components of language--phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, and pragmatics-are presented at an introductory level that assumes no prior knowledge of linguistics.
- Discussions about the grammar and other linguistic characteristics of American Sign Language, and other sign languages of deaf people, are woven throughout to reveal the pervasive parallels with spoken languages.
- Each chapter ends with an array of helpful review materials, including a chapter summary, a comprehensive list of references, suggestions for further reading, and exercises.
- Numerous new exercises offer instructional options and learning opportunities designed to maximize students' comprehension and mastery of text material.
1. What Is Language?
Linguistic Knowledge. What Is Grammar? Animal "Languages." In the Beginning: The Origin of Language and Thought. What We Know about Language.
2. Brain and Language.
The Human Brain. The Autonomy of Language. Language and Brain Development.
Part 2: GRAMMATICAL ASPECTS OF LANGUAGE.
3. Morphology: The Words of Language.
Dictionaries. Content Words and Function Words. Morphemes: The Minimal Units of Meaning. Rules of Word Formation. Sign Language Morphology. Morphological Analysis: Identifying Morphemes.
4. Syntax: The Sentence Patterns of Language.
What the Syntax Rules Do. Sentence Structure. Sentence Relatedness. UG Principles and Parameters. Sign Language Syntax.
5. The Meaning of Language.
What Speakers Know about Sentence Meaning. Compositional Semantics. Lexical Semantics (Word Meanings). Pragmatics.
6. Phonetics: The Sounds of Language.
Sound Segments. Articulatory Phonetics. Prosodic Features.
Phonetic Symbols and Spelling Correspondences. The "Phonetics" of Signed Languages.
7. Phonology: The Sound Patterns of Language.
The Pronunciation of Morphemes. Phonemes: The Phonological Units of Language. Distinctive Features of Phonemes. The Rules of Phonology. Prosodic Phonology. Sequential Constraints of Phonemes. Why Do Phonological Rules Exist? Phonological Analysis.
Part 3: THE PSYCHOLOGY OF LANGUAGE.
8. Language Acquisition.
Mechanisms of Language Acquisition. Knowing More Than One Language.
9. Language Processing: Humans and Computers.
The Human Mind at Work: Human Language Processing. Computer Processing of Human Language.
Part 4: LANGUAGE AND SOCIETY.
10. Language in Society.
Dialects. Language and Education. Language in Use.
11. Language Change: The Syllables of Time.
The Regularity of Sound Change. Phonological Change. Morphological Change. Syntactic Change. Lexical Change. Reconstructing "Dead" Languages. Extinct and Endangered Languages. The Genetic Classification of Languages. Types of Languages. Why Do Languages Change?
12. Writing: The ABCs of Language.
The History of Writing. Modern Writing Systems. Writing and Speech.
Cengage provides a range of supplements that are updated in coordination with the main title selection. For more information about these supplements, contact your Learning Consultant.
Contains answers to all of the exercises in the core text.
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Cengage Learning's CourseMate brings course concepts to life with interactive learning, study, and exam preparation tools that support the printed textbook. Maximize your course success with the integrated eBook and chapter-specific learning tools that include flashcards, quizzes, videos, and more in your CourseMate. Key Features: Interactive eBook, Engagement Tracker, Learning Objectives, Tutorial Quizzes, Glossary and Flashcards, and Web Links and References.
Flashcards designed to work with your text can help you to review and learn essential terms and key concepts. Interactive flashcards include terms and definitions for each chapter. This is instant access product; at the completion of your purchase, simply go to "My Home" and gain immediate access to your product. Note: If you have purchased CourseMate for your title, flash cards are already included.
Interactive practice quizzes designed to work with your text can help you to review and learn essential terms and key concepts. True/false and multiple choice questions are included for each chapter. Check your score and take quizzes again if needed. A reference for where to find more material in the text is included with each answer. This is instant access product; at the completion of your purchase, simply go to "My Home" and gain immediate access to your product. Note: If you have purchased CourseMate for your title, flash cards are already included.
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Interactive practice quizzes and flashcards designed to work with your text can help you to review and learn essential terms and key concepts. Flashcards contain terms and definitions for each chapter. Practice quizzes consist of true/false and multiple choice questions for each chapter. Check your score and take quizzes again if needed. A reference for where to find more material in the text is included with each answer. This is instant access product; at the completion of your purchase, simply go to "My Home" and gain immediate access to your product. Note: If you have purchased CourseMate for your title, practice quizzes and flashcards are already included.