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An Introduction to Language 10th Edition

Victoria Fromkin, Robert Rodman, Nina Hyams

  • Published
  • Previous Editions 2011, 2007, 2003
  • 624 Pages
Starting At 50.00 See pricing and ISBN options

Overview

AN INTRODUCTION TO LANGUAGE, 10th Edition, offers an entirely up-to-date look at language studies and linguistics in today's world. Written from the ground up as if it were a first edition, the book is fresh, modern, and reflective of the current state of the field. At the same time, it maintains the acclaimed light, friendly, readable style and the breadth of coverage that have made it a perennial best seller. The authors examine grammatical subjects (e.g., morphology, syntax, semantics, phonetics, phonology), the tremendous leap in knowledge achieved in neurolinguistics, and the lexicological, social, and historical impact of language uncovered through the application of computers to prodigious amounts of linguistic data. Available with InfoTrac® Student Collections http://gocengage.com/infotrac.

Victoria Fromkin, University of California, Los Angeles

Victoria Fromkin received her bachelor's degree in economics from the University of California, Berkeley and her M.A. and Ph.D. in linguistics from the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA). She was a faculty member of the UCLA Department of Linguistics from 1966 until her death in 2000, and served as its chair for four years and as the Graduate Dean and Vice Chancellor of Graduate Programs for ten years. Dr. Fromkin served as president of the Linguistics Society of America, president of the Association of Graduate Schools, and chair of the Board of Governors of the Academy of Aphasia. She received the UCLA Distinguished Teaching Award and the Professional Achievement Award, and was the U.S. Delegate and a member of the Executive Committee of the International Permanent Committee of Linguistics (CIPL). She was an elected Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the New York Academy of Science, the American Psychological Society, and the Acoustical Society of America, and in 1996 was elected to membership in the National Academy of Sciences. She published more than 100 books, monographs, and papers on topics concerned with phonetics, phonology, tone languages, African languages, speech errors, processing models, aphasia, and the brain/mind/language interface -- all research areas in which she worked.

Robert Rodman, North Carolina State University

Robert Rodman received a bachelor's degree in mathematics from the University of California, Los Angeles, master's degrees in both mathematics and linguistics, and a Ph.D. in linguistics. He was on the faculties of the University of California at Santa Cruz, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Kyoto Industrial College in Japan, and North Carolina State University. His research areas included forensic linguistics and computer speech processing. In 2009, he was elected into the American Academy of Social Sciences as an Associate Fellow for his achievements in computational forensic linguistics. Robert Rodman passed away in January 2017.

Nina Hyams, University of California, Los Angeles

Nina Hyams received her bachelor's degree in journalism from Boston University in 1973 and her M.A. and Ph.D. degrees in linguistics from the Graduate Center of the City University of New York in 1981 and 1983, respectively. She joined the faculty of the University of California, Los Angeles, in 1983, where she is a professor of linguistics. Her main areas of research are childhood language development and syntax. She is author of the book LANGUAGE ACQUISITION AND THE THEORY OF PARAMETERS (D. Reidel Publishers, 1986), a milestone in language acquisition research. She has also published numerous articles on the development of syntax, morphology, and semantics in children. She has been a visiting scholar at the University of Utrecht and the University of Leiden in the Netherlands and has given lectures throughout Europe and Japan.
  • The text has been entirely rewritten to reflect contemporary developments in language studies and related fields. It includes many new ideas and concepts, reinforced by new, original exercises--all to enhance students' understanding and insight.
  • Chapter 3 on syntax has been entirely restructured to reflect the standard views of X-bar theory, binary branching, heads, complements and adjuncts, and the ramifications of contemporary syntactic theory. This is accomplished without sacrificing the fundamentals of constituent structure, syntactic categories, grammaticality, structural ambiguity, and the infinite, creative scope of language that syntax provides. Despite the apparent complexity, the topics are presented clearly and illustrated carefully to ensure students' comprehension.
  • InfoTrac® Student Collections are specialized databases expertly drawn from the Gale Academic One library. Each InfoTrac® Student Collection enhances the student learning experience in the specific course area related to the product. These specialized databases allow access to hundreds of scholarly and popular publications - all reliable sources - including journals, encyclopedias, and academic reports. Learn more and access at: http://gocengage.com/infotrac.
  • Chapter 4 on semantics and pragmatics has been thoroughly revised to emphasize and clarify the distinction between semantics and pragmatics, with many illustrations from the classics (e.g., Shakespeare, Swift, Carroll). Recent insights into these areas are artfully integrated with the classical knowledge of earlier studies.
  • Discussion of sociolinguistics has been moved forward in the book (as Chapter 7) to reflect the growing significance of the social impact of language. As is the case with all chapters, this chapter has been extensively revised to reflect contemporary views of the subject. In addition, special attention is paid to bilingual education, including the many debates on the subject now occurring with frequency in the news.
  • Chapter 10, now entitled "Language Processing and the Human Brain," merges psycholinguistics and neurolinguistics in the most dramatically new chapter of the Tenth Edition. Knowledge of how, where, and when language is processed in the brain has exploded since the previous edition of the book was published. This chapter documents this progress, reporting on the once immeasurable nuances of brain activity associated with the various aspects of language processing and language disorders.
  • The revised Chapter 11, "Computer Processing of Human Language," details recent progress in computational linguistics, which has burgeoned to a degree hardly imaginable when previous editions were written. Anchoring this chapter is the introduction of the Culturomic Revolution, in which computers analyze billions of lines of text with astonishing results. The chapter also introduces "twitterology," a study of "on-the-fly" language usage by billions of people in thousands of languages--soon to augment Culturomics and only now beginning to be linguistically analyzed.
  • Exercises offer instructional options and learning opportunities designed to maximize students' comprehension and mastery of text material.
  • The text's signature cartoons illustrate the authors' clear descriptions of complex linguistic points and principles.
  • An extensive glossary of nearly 1000 terms, the largest of its kind among introductory textbooks, appears in an appendix. The book is also thoroughly indexed, allowing students to quickly and efficiently find particular topics of interest.
  • The text has been thoroughly revised to reflect developments in linguistics and related fields, with topics clarified and many new exercises included--all to enhance students' understanding and insight. IPA symbols are used throughout.
  • Discussions about the grammar and other linguistic characteristics of American Sign Language, and other sign languages of deaf people, are woven throughout to reveal the pervasive parallels with spoken languages.
  • Each chapter ends with an array of helpful review materials, including a chapter summary, a comprehensive list of references, suggestions for further reading, and exercises.
1. WHAT IS LANGUAGE?
Linguistic Knowledge. What Is Grammar? Universal Grammar. What Is Not (Human) Language. Language and Thought.
2. MORPHOLOGY: THE WORDS OF LANGUAGE.
Content Words and Function Words. Morphemes: The Minimal Units of Meaning.
Rules of Word Formation. Sign Language Morphology. Morphological Analysis: Identifying Morphemes.
3. SYNTAX: THE SENTENCE PATTERNS OF LANGUAGE.
What the Syntax Rules Do. Sentence Structure. UG Principles and Parameters. Sign Language Syntax.
4. THE MEANING OF LANGUAGE.
What Speakers Know about Sentence Meaning. Compositional Semantics. When Compositionality Goes Awry. Lexical Semantics (Word Meanings). Pragmatics.
5. PHONETICS: THE SOUNDS OF LANGUAGE.
Sound Segments. Articulatory Phonetics. Major Phonetic Classes. Prosodic Features. Phonetic Symbols and Spelling Correspondences. The "Phonetics" of Signed Languages.
6. PHONOLOGY: THE SOUND OF LANGUAGE.
The Pronunciation of Morphemes. Phonemes: The Phonological Units of Language. Distinctive Features of Phonemes. The Rules of Phonology. Prosodic Phonology. Sequential Constraints of Phonemes. Why Do Phonological Rules Exist? Phonological Analysis.
7. LANGUAGE IN SOCIETY.
Dialects. Languages in Contact. Language and Education. Language in Use.
8. LANGUAGE CHANGE: THE SYLLABLES OF TIME.
The Regularity of Sound Change. Phonological Change. Morphological Change. Syntactic Change. Lexical Change. Reconstructing "Dead" Languages. Extinct and Endangered Languages. The Genetic Classification of Languages. Types of Languages. Why Do Languages Change?
9.LANGUAGE ACQUISITION.
The Linguistic Capacity of Children. Stages in Language Acquisition. The Role of the Linguistic Environment: Adult Input. Knowing More Than One Language.
10. LANGUAGE PROCESSING AND THE HUMAN BRAIN.
The Human Mind at Work. The Human Brain. Language and Brain Development. The Modular Mind: Dissociations of Language and Cognition.
11. COMPUTER PROCESSING OF HUMAN LANGUAGE.
Computers That Talk and Listen. Applications of Computational Linguistics. Computational Lexicography.
12. WRITING: THE ABCS OF LANGUAGE.
The History of Writing. Modern Writing Systems. Writing and Speech. Pseudo-writing.
Glossary.
Index.
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Interactive practice quizzes and flashcards designed to work with your text can help you to review and learn essential terms and key concepts. Flashcards contain terms and definitions for each chapter. Practice quizzes consist of true/false and multiple choice questions for each chapter. Check your score and take quizzes again if needed. A reference for where to find more material in the text is included with each answer. This is instant access product; at the completion of your purchase, simply go to "My Home" and gain immediate access to your product. Note: If you have purchased CourseMate for your title, practice quizzes and flashcards are already included.