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Unsurpassed for its clarity and comprehensiveness, Hurley's A CONCISE INTRODUCTION TO LOGIC is the #1 introductory logic textbook on the market. In this Twelfth Edition, Hurley continues to build upon the tradition of a lucid, focused, and accessible presentation of the basic subject matter of logic, both formal and informal. The book's extensive, carefully sequenced exercises guide students toward greater proficiency with the skills they are learning. This edition introduces section-opening Previews, which aid understanding by connecting upcoming content to real-life scenarios that students can relate to. It also includes an expanded array of technology supplements offered through MindTap™, a highly robust Internet platform-- including Aplia™, an online homework solution; additional practice and study tools; video clips covering topics that students find difficult; the complete text in eBook format; and the popular Learning Logic multimedia tutorial program. In response to market feedback and the success of Cengage Learning's Logical Choice custom program, the book continues to offer multiple options to customize your course content.
- This edition presents a new tool to engage students: Brief Previews introduce each section or short chapter, inducing students to start thinking about the material by connecting the section content to real-life scenarios. Using everyday examples pertinent to students' lives, the Previews "translate" new notions and terms into concepts that readers unfamiliar with the subject matter can relate to. You can also use the Previews as discussion starters, either in class or online via MindTap™.
- MindTap, a robust Internet platform, offers access to chapter-specific resources such as flashcards and tutorial quizzes, interactive Venn diagrams, learning modules on critical thinking and writing (providing additional help with constructing effective arguments), truth tables, and truth trees. Learning Logic, an accompanying self-study program with proven success, is also available. MindTap allows professors to track students' work, including time on task and quiz scores.
- The Guide to Important Rules and Argument Forms is now available both on the inside covers of the text for ready access and as a detachable--and portable--two-page card.
- Three new dialogues replace the older dialogues in Chapter 3. All of the dialogues, including the new ones, reflect more life-like conversations to resonate with today's readers.
- More treatment is given throughout the book to argument forms/statement forms and their substitution instances.
- Examples and exercises reference present-day technology, social media, and hot current topics such as the environment, and offer a visible connection between the study of logic and students' future work life.
- Other content changes include: expanded treatment of ad populem, suppressed evidence fallacy, the "critical term" for syllogisms and sorites, deriving proofs, and the subjectivist (epistemic) theory of probability; introduction of the idea of vacuous truth (Ch. 4); the addition of cues for producing well-formed formulas (Ch. 6); more examples of incorrect application of the first four rules; and addition of English examples for the first eight rules of inference.
- Chapter 14, "Science and Superstition," presents a revised discussion of the distinction between scientific evidence and religious evidence, and explores the problem of scientists faking evidence.
- New exercises are included on categorical logic (Ch. 4) and natural deduction (Ch. 8).
- Further explanation of the Aristotelian/Boolean distinction is provided in a separately published paper entitled "Existential Import: Historical Background," available in MindTap and at the Instructor Companion Website.
- Carefully sequenced exercises give students ample practice and help them to move from simple to complex logic skills.
- Concise explanations coupled with clear examples reinforce student learning and provide students with support in completing exercises.
- Previews introduce each section or short chapter. These brief statements connect the section content to real-life scenarios pertinent to students' lives. Using everyday examples, they "translate" new notions and terms into concepts that readers unfamiliar with the subject matter can relate to.
- Key terms, introduced in boldface type, are clearly defined. Central concepts are carefully explained and graphically illustrated in colored boxes throughout the book. In addition, chapter summaries consolidate the main points, facilitating study and review.
- The book is accompanied by Aplia™, an online homework solution designed specifically for use with Hurley's A CONCISE INTRODUCTION TO LOGIC. Aplia helps philosophy students improve their reasoning and critical thinking skills with ample practice and detailed explanations. Grades are automatically recorded in the instructor's Aplia gradebook, saving instructors valuable time.
1. Basic Concepts.
Arguments, Premises, and Conclusions. Exercise. Recognizing Arguments. Exercise. Deduction and Induction. Exercise. Validity, Truth, Soundness, Strength, Cogency. Exercise. Argument Forms: Proving Invalidity. Exercise. Extended Arguments. Exercise.
2. Language: Meaning and Definition.
Varieties of Meaning. Exercise. The Intension and Extension of Terms. Exercise. Definitions and Their Purposes. Exercise. Definitional Techniques. Exercise. Criteria for Lexical Definitions. Exercise.
3. Informal Fallacies.
Fallacies in General. Exercise. Fallacies of Relevance. Exercise. Fallacies of Weak Induction. Exercise. Fallacies of Presumption, Ambiguity, and Illicit Transference. Exercise. Fallacies in Ordinary Language. Exercise.
Part II: FORMAL LOGIC.
4. Categorical Propositions.
The Components of Categorical Propositions. Exercise. Quality, Quantity, and Distribution. Exercise. Venn Diagrams and the Modern Square of Opposition. Exercise. Conversion, Obversion, and Contraposition. Exercise. The Traditional Square of Opposition. Exercise. Venn Diagrams and the Traditional Standpoint. Exercise. Translating Ordinary Language Statements into Categorical Form. Exercise.
5. Categorical Syllogisms.
Standard Form, Mood, and Figure. Exercise. Venn Diagrams. Exercise. Rules and Fallacies. Exercise. Reducing the Number of Terms. Exercise. Ordinary Language Arguments. Exercise. Enthymemes. Exercise. Sorites. Exercise.
6. Propositional Logic.
Symbols and Translation. Exercise. Truth Functions. Exercise. Truth Tables for Propositions. Exercise. Truth Tables for Arguments. Exercise. Indirect Truth Tables. Exercise. Argument Forms and Fallacies. Exercise.
7. Natural Deduction in Propositional Logic.
Rules of Implication I. Exercise. Rules of Implication II. Exercise. Rules of Replacement I. Exercise. Rules of Replacement II. Exercise. Conditional Proof. Exercise. Indirect Proof. Exercise. Proving Logical Truths. Exercise.
8. Predicate Logic
Symbols and Translation. Exercise. Using the Rules of Inference. Exercise. Quantifier Negation Rule. Exercise. Conditional and Indirect Proof. Exercise. Proving Invalidity. Exercise. Relational Predicates and Overlapping Quantifiers. Exercise. Identity. Exercise.
Part III: INDUCTIVE LOGIC.
9. Analogy and Legal and Moral Reasoning.
Analogical Reasoning. Legal Reasoning. Moral Reasoning. Exercise.
10. Causality and Mill''s Methods.
"Cause" and Necessary and Sufficient Conditions. Mill''s Five Methods. Mill''s Methods and Science. Exercise.
Theories of Probability. The Probability Calculus. Exercise.
12. Statistical Reasoning.
Evaluating Statistics. Samples. The Meaning of "Average." Dispersion. Graphs and Pictograms. Percentages. Exercise.
13. Hypothetical/Scientific Reasoning.
The Hypothetical Method. Hypothetical Reasoning: Four Examples from Science. The Proof of Hypotheses. The Tentative Acceptance of Hypotheses. Exercise.
14. Science and Superstition.
Distinguishing Between Science and Superstition. Evidentiary Support. Objectivity. Integrity. Concluding Remarks. Exercise.
Answers to Selected Exercises.
"What I like perhaps most about Hurley's text is the organization of the material. His book introduces the material in step-by-step way, building off of what was just learned the section before and adding just enough information to each section to simplify the whole process of learning logic."
"This is the 'gold standard' of introductory logic texts."
"It is the clearest text, with the best technology available."
"Hurley has. . . always been straight to the point and clear on definition. Now, it is much more expanded with modern and creative examples that ease up on the tenseness inherent in learning logic."
"Hurley's text provides a methodical introduction to the strategies and techniques usually covered in an introductory logic course, including both formal and informal topics. Numerous exercises provide plenty of opportunity for students to practice the skills they have learned."
"Hurley's book is thorough and very accessible to instructors and students. One of the best logic texts on the market."
"A thorough and comprehensive text out of which one can design a wide variety of good first courses in logic and critical thinking. Also, [this is] the book I would recommend to anyone seeking to teach themselves logic who wants the most amount of information in one volume."
"I plan to continue using Hurley's text because it is still the best available logic text on the market. His text is the clearest, simplest, and most comprehensive presentation of logic without sacrificing the complexity and comprehensiveness of a good logic text. Hurley's text is wonderful and continues to serve as a standard by which I judge the other logic books on the market."
Cengage provides a range of supplements that are updated in coordination with the main title selection. For more information about these supplements, contact your Learning Consultant.
Everything you need for your course in one place! This collection of product-specific lecture and class tools is available online via the instructor resource center at www.cengage.com/login.
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