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Major Problems in African American History, Volume I, 1st Edition

Major Problems in African American History, Volume I, 1st Edition

Thomas C. Holt - The University of Chicago

Elsa Barkley Brown - The University of Maryland, College Park

ISBN-10: 0669249912  ISBN-13: 9780669249910

434 Pages   Paperbound

 
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Table of Contents

VOLUME I
1. Interpreting African-American History
DOCUMENTS
1. The Brownies' Book Encourages Black Children to Know Their History, 1920
2. Carter G. Woodson on His Goals for Black History, 1922
3. Mary McLeod Bethune Outlines the Objectives of the Association for the Study of Negro Life and History, 1937
4. John Hope Franklin Explains the Lonely Dilemma of the American Negro Scholar, 1963
5. Vincent Harding on the Differences Between Negro History and Black History, 1971
6. Lucille Clifton and the Nurturing of History, c. 1990
ESSAYS
John Hope Franklin, The History of African-American History
David W. Blight, The Burden of African-American History: Memory, Justice, and a Usable Past
Fath David Ruffins, Sites of Memory, Sites of Struggle: The "Materials" of History
2. Africans and the Slave Trade: Causes and Consequences
DOCUMENTS
1. A Portuguese Slave Trader Describes a Kidnapping, c. 1440s
2. Slave Raiding on the West African Coast, 1448
3. A Congolese Envoy to Brazil, c. 1643
4. Willem Bosman, a Dutch Trader, Describes the Details of Bargaining for Slaves, 1701
5. William Snelgrave, an English Trader, Describes the Business of Slave Trading and Two Slave Mutinies, 1734
6. Olaudah Equiano, an Ibo, Describes His Capture, 1756
7. An Illustration Showing "Tight-Packing" for the Middle Passage, c. 1790s
ESSAYS
Walter Rodney, African Societies Were Transformed by the Slave Trade
John Thornton, African Societies Voluntarily Participated in the Slave Trade
3. The Origins of North American Slavery and Racism
DOCUMENTS
1. John Rolfe Records the Arrival of African Slaves to Virginia, August 1619
2. Anthony Johnson, a Former Slave, Claims His Slave Property, 1655
3. Interracial Sexual Relations and Their Consequences: The Case of Elizabeth Key, 1655-1656
4. An Act to Discriminate Between Africans and Others in Maryland, 1664
5. Francis Payne, a Free Negro Property Owner in Colonial Virginia, Bequeaths His Property, 1673
6. Distinguishing Slaves from Indentured Servants in Virginia, 1705
ESSAYS
Winthrop D. Jordan, "The Mutual Causation" of Racism and Slavery
Edmund S. Morgan, The Paradox of Slavery and Freedom
4. The Origins of African America and the Continuity of African Culture
DOCUMENTS
1. Olaudah Equiano, an Ibo, Discovers the Cultural Diversity of West Africa, 1789
2. Six Advertisements for Virginia Slave Runaways, 1736, 1767
3. Early Slave Conversion Attempts of Francis Le Jau, an Anglican Minister, 1706-1717
4. George Whitefield, a Religious Revivalist, Encourages Conversion and Education, 1740
5. Phyllis Wheatley's Homage to George Whitefield, 1770
6. The Conversion Experience of John Marrant, 1802
7. Landon Carter, a Slavemaster, Confronts the Problem of Slave Conversion, 1776
8. Two Letters from Savannah, Georgia on the Progress of Baptist Churches, 1792, 1800
9. A Grave Decorated in African Style, 1944
ESSAYS
Sterling Stuckey, How Africans Preserved Their Culture: Culture as Spirit
Mechal Sobel, How White and Black Cultures Merged: Culture as Social Relations
5. The Development of a Slave Society in Colonial North America
DOCUMENTS
1. The Story of Tom, an African Creole, 1727
2. Description of a Slave Rebellion in Stono, South Carolina, 1739
3. Lord Dunmore, a British General, Entices Slaves of Colonial Rebels to Flee, 1775
4. Saul, a Slave Revolutionary Veteran, Petitions for Freedom, 1792
5. Free Blacks in South Carolina Petition for Equal Rights, 1791
6. Hector St. John de Crèvecoeur, a Traveler, Encounters the Continuing Horror of Slavery in the New Republic, 1782
ESSAYS
Ira Berlin, Historicizing the Slave Experience
Allan Kulikoff, How Africans Became African Americans
6. Subordination and Autonomy: The Dialectics of Master-Slave Relations
DOCUMENTS
1. Thomas Cobb, an Antebellum Scholar, Describes Legal Basis for Slavery, 1858
2. Thomas Ruffin, a Judge, Struggles with the Illogic of Slaves as Property and as Persons, 1829
3. South Carolina Governor James Henry Hammond, a Slaveowner, Instructs His Overseer on the Ideal Disciplinary Regime, c. 1840s
4. A Slave Man Resists, 1845
5. A Slave Woman Resists, 1861
6. The Last Will and Testament of Patty Cooke, a Virginia Slave, 1821
7. Samuel Elliot, an Ex-Slave, Claims Property Lost in the Civil War, 1873
ESSAYS
Orlando Patterson, The Riddle of Property Rights in Human Beings
Eugene D. Genovese, The Legal Basis for Mastery
Philip D. Morgan, Slave Property as Property Owners
7. The Roots of Resistance: Slave Cultures and Communities
DOCUMENTS
1. Margaret Garner, a Slave Mother, Kills Her Child to Prevent Reenslavement, 1856
2. Description of Two Women Outlaws, c. 1850s
3. Description of Love and Courtship in Slavery
4. Letters Showing Relations Between Slave Husbands and Wives, 1840-1863
5. Martin Lee and Hawkins Wilson, Two Ex-Slaves, Seek to Reunite with Their Children After Emancipation, 1866, 1867
6. Spotswood Rice, an Ex-Slave Soldier, Seeks to Protect His Children, 1864
7. Three Folktales Show How to Cope with Powerlessness, 1860s
8. Two Slave Spirituals Express Values and Hopes
ESSAYS
Ira Berlin and Leslie S. Rowland, Slave Communities Are Grounded in Family and Kinship
Deborah Gray White, Gender Roles and Gender Identity in Slave Communities
Lawrence W. Levine, The Slaves' World-View Revealed in Their Stories
8. Free Blacks Confront the "Slave Power": The Meaning of Freedom in a Slave Society
DOCUMENTS
1. Henry Highland Garnet Urges Slaves to Resist, August 1843
2. Frederick Douglass Opposes Free Black Emigration, September 1851
3. Rosetta Douglass Describes Her Father and Mother at Home, 1851-1853
4. Charlotte Forten Protests the Trial of a Fugitive Slave, 1854
5. Frederick Douglass Urges Resistance to Oppression, 1857
6. Oberlin Graduate Rev. Richard Winsor Describes the Rescue of a Fugitive Slave, 1858
ESSAYS
Emma Jones Lapansky, The Roots of Resistance in Free Black Communities
James Oliver Horton and Lois E. Horton, Manhood and Womanhood in a Slave Society
9. Civil War and Emancipation
DOCUMENTS
1. Captain C.B. Wilder, a Civil War Relief Worker, Describes Flight from Slavery, 1863
2. Corporal Octave johnson, a Union Soldier, Describes His Escape from Slavery During the War, 1864
3. John C.P. Wederstrandt and I.N. Steele, two Slaveholders, Lose Control of Their Slave Labor, 1862, 1865
4. Private Hubbard Pryor as a Slave and as a Union Soldier, c. 1864
5. Slave Fugitives Tell Their Stories to Charlotte Forten, 1863
6. Charlotte Forten Describes the Celebration of Emancipation in the Heart of the Confederacy, January 1, 1863
7. A Freedom Song from the Civil War Era
ESSAYS
Vincent Harding, Soldiers of God's Wrath
Clarence L. Mohr, The Slaves Strike for Freedom
10. The Work of Reconstruction
DOCUMENTS
1. African Americans in Richmond, Virginia, Petition President Andrew Johnson, 1865
2. Freedmen of Edisto Island, South Carolina, Demand Land, 1865
3. Captain Charles Soule, a Northern Army Officer, Lectures Ex-Slaves on the Responsibilities of Freedom, 1865
4. A Share-Wages Contract, 1865
5. Charles Raushenberg, a Freedmen's Bureau Agent, Reports from Georgia, 1867
6. Elizabeth Botume, a Northern Schoolteacher, Remembers a Husband and Wife Reunion, c. 1865
7. Dave Waldrop, a Florida Freeman, Seeks to Reunite His Family, 1867
8. Harriet Hernandes, a South Carolina Woman, Testifies Against the Ku Klux Klan, 1871
9. Elected Representatives, 1872
ESSAYS
Herbert C. Gutman, Schools for Freedom
Julie Saville, Defining Free Labor
Elsa Barkley Brown, The Labor of Politics
VOLUME II
1. Interpreting African-American History
DOCUMENTS
The Brownie's Book Encourages Black Children to Know Their History, 1920
Carter G. Woodson on His Goals for Black History, 1922
Mary McLeod Bethune Outlines the Objectives of the Association for the Study of Negro Life and History, 1937
John Hope Franklin Explains the Lonely Dilemma of the American Negro Scholar, 1963
Vincent Harding on the Differences Between Negro History and Black History, 1971
Lucille Clifton and the Nurturing of History, c. 1990
ESSAYS
John Hope Franklin, The History of African-American History
David W. Blight, The Burden of African-American History: Memory, Justice, and a Usable Past
Fath Davis Ruffins, Sites of Memory, Sites of Struggle: The "Materials" of History
2. The Work of Reconstruction
DOCUMENTS
African Americans in Richmond, Virginia, Petition President Andrew Johnson, 1865
Freedmen of Edisto Island, South Carolina, Demand Land, 1865
Captain Charles Soule, Northern Army Officer, Lectures Ex-Slaves on the Responsibilities of Freedom, 1865
A Share-Wages Contract, 1865
Charles Raushenberg, a Freedmen's Bureau Agent, Reports from Georgia, 1867
Martin Lee, a Freedman, Struggles to Reunite His Family, 1866
Elizabeth Botume, a Northern Schoolteacher, Remembers a Husband and Wife Reunion, c. 1865
Harriet Hernandes, a South Carolina Woman, Testifies Against the Ku Klux Klan, 1871
Elected Representatives, 1872
ESSAYS
Herbert C. Gutman, Schools for Freedom
Julie Saville, Defining Free Labor
Elsa Barkley Brown, The Labor of Politics
3. Renegotiating African-American Life in the New South
DOCUMENTS
Black Southerners Look Toward Kansas, 1877
David C. Barrow, Jr., a Georgia Planter's Son, Describes the Emergence of Sharecropping, 1880
Nate Shaw Aims to Make a Living Farming, 1907-1908
Black Southerners Appeal to President William McKinley for Federal Protection, 1898-1900
Representative George White of North Carolina Delivers His Final Speech on the Floor of Congress, 1901
Richmond Planet Reports a Streetcar Boycott, 1904-1905
A Public Library Opens in Louisville, Kentucky, 1908
ESSAYS
Elsa Barkley Brown, Renegotiating the Community
Tera W. Hunter, The Politics of Labor
4. Rural Exodus and the Growth of New Urban Communities
DOCUMENTS
Black Population of Selected Cities, 1910-1930
Migrants' Letters, 1917
Helpful Hints for Migrants to Detroit, 1918
George Edmund Haynes, a Black Social Scientist, Surveys Detroit, 1918
A Migrant Family Adjusts to Life in Chicago, 1922
Migration Blues
ESSAYS
Peter Gottleib, The Great Migration
Irma Watkins-Owens, Caribbean Connections
5. Defining a Race Politics
DOCUMENTS
Ida B. Wells Urges Self-Defense, 1892
Booker T. Washington Promotes Accommodationism, 1895
Resolutions of the National Association of Colored Women, 1904
The Niagara Men Pldege Themselves to Persistent Agitation, 1905
Maggie Lena Walker Talks to Black Men About Racial Responsibility, 1906
Promoting Black Towns, c. 1907
Ten Thousand Charlestonians Petition for Black Teachers in Black Schools, 1919
The Messenger Urges Black and White Workers to Organize, 1919
Marcus Garvey Assesses the Situation for Black People, 1922
ESSAYS
Deborah Gray White, Race and Feminism
Winston James, Race Consciousness and Radicalism
6. The Culture Wars
DOCUMENTS
A Review of Scott Joplin's Opera "Treemonisha," 1911
Blues Lyrics of the 1920s
Rev. George W. Harvey, Baptist Minister, Denounces Swinging Spirituals, 1939
Alain Locke, Philosopher, Defines the "New Negro," 1925
Langston Hughes, Poet and Writer, Critiques His Critics, 1940
Screening the Race, 1925
Zora Neale Hurston, Writer and Anthropologist, Takes Her University Training Home, 1927
A Roundtable Discussion on African Survivals in Gullah Language, 1941
ESSAYS
Tera W. Hunter, The Blues Aesthetic and Black Vernacular Dance
Evelyn Brooks Higginbotham, Constructing Working-Class Culture
7. Opportunities Lost and Found
DOCUMENTS
Black Population in Selected Cities, 1940-1960
Charles Hamilton Houston and John P. Davis Critique the Lily-White Tennessee Valley Authority, 1934
Protesting Lynching: A National Crime, 1934
A "Black Cabinet" Assembles, 1938
Louise "Mamma" Harris Describes Labor Organizing in Richmond, Virginia, Tobacco Factories, 1940
A Marine's Letter to A. Philip Randolph About Discrimination in the Marine Corps, c. 1943
Breaking the Color Bar in Sports, 1947
ESSAYS
Robin D.G. Kelley, Radical Organizing During the Depression
Gretchen Lemke-Santangelo, New Lives in the West
8. Origins of the Civil Rights Movement
DOCUMENTS
Ella Baker and Marvel Cooke Describe Exploitation of Black Women Workers During the Depression, 1935
Young Radicals Propose an Economic Program for the NAACP, 1935
Charles Hamilton Houston Lays Out a Legal Strategy for the NAACP, 1935
Goals of the National Negro Congress, 1935
A Call to March on Washington, 1941
James Farmer Recounts CORE's Early Direct Action Strategy, 1942
Consumers Boycott Washington, D.C., Department Store, 1945
ESSAYS
Robin D.G. Kelley, Theatres of Resistance
Robert Korstad and Nelson Lichtenstein, Labor and Civil Rights
9. The Civil Rights Movement
DOCUMENTS
Jo Ann Robinson, Women's Political Council President, Hints of a Bus Boycott in Montgomery, Alabama, 1954
Melba Pattillo Beals Recalls Her First Days at Little Rock Central High School, 1957
Fannie Lou Hamer's Initiation into the Civil Rights Movement, 1962
James Bevel, an SCLC Organizer, Mobilizes Birmingham's Young People, 1963
Martin Luther King, Jr., Writes from His Jail Cell, 1963
John Lewis, SNCC Chairman, Challenges the Federal Government, 1963
Avon W. Rollins, an SNCC Field Secretary, Details Progrss Made in Danville, Virginia, 1964
Malcolm X Defines Revolution, 1963
Civil Rights Leader Bayard Rustin Is Forced Out, 1960
ESSAYS
Clayborne Carson, "A Leader Who Stood Out in a Forest of Trees"
Charles M. Payne, Cultural Traditions and the Politicization of Communities
Charles M. Payne, Challenging the Politics of Spokesmanship
10. After "Freedom Now!"
DOCUMENTS
Nina Simone's Song "Mississippi Goddam," 1964
SNCC Denounces the Vietnam War, 1966
An Interview with Black Panther Jimmy Slater
Combahee River Collective Statement, 1977
A Statistical Portrait of Black America, 1940-1990s
Miami's Concerned Black Organizations for Justice Issues a Manifesto of "Collective Needs," 1980
ESSAYS
George Lipsitz, Civil Rights Activism and the War on Poverty
Suzanne E. Smith, The Political Culture of Detoit
11. Progress and Poverty: African Americans at the Dawn of the Twenty-First Century
DOCUMENTS
Leanita McClain on Being Black, Successful, and Middle Class, 1980
Jesse Jackson Addresses the Democratic National Convention, 1988
The Children's Defense Fund Assesses the Life Chances of a Black Child in America, 2000
The Relative Economic Condition of Black Youths, 1973 and 1993
The United States Congress Investigates Rap Music, 1994
The New Face of Racism: Racial Profiling, 1999
The New Face of Racism: The Ordeal of Haitian Immigrants, 1998
TheBorders of Black America: The New "Black" Immigrants, 1999
ESSAYS
Lani Guinier, Rethinking Constitutional Rights
Tricia Rose, Twenty-First Century Cultural Politics
Temma Kaplan, The Changing Face of the Continuing Struggle