About this Product

Overview

The first research guide explicitly grounded in the rhetorical situation, THE WADSWORTH GUIDE TO RESEARCH encourages students to consider the impact of their audience, purpose, and context at every stage of the research process. With a focus on using technology more productively in research, this concise guide offers complete coverage of the "how" and "why" of researching, and the key research technologies important to success.

Encouraging students to build on the research skills they use every day (buying a car, choosing a movie, etc.), the authors include annotated student samples, Research in Action scenarios, and Techno Tips, that help them every step of the way toward developing the research skills they need for success both academically and professionally. The text's visual display of content (including full-color spreads) allows students to quickly find the information they need, while its categorization of sources into static, syndicated, and dynamic reflects current patterns of conducting research.

About The Author

Susan K. Miller-Cochran

Susan K. Miller-Cochran is associate professor of English at North Carolina State University and director of the First-Year Writing Program. She received both Master of Teaching English as a Second Language (MTESL) and Ph.D. in English, with a concentration in Rhetoric/Composition and Linguistics, from Arizona State University. Her work focuses on the intersections of technology, second-language writing, and writing program administration. Widely published and a much-sought-after presenter, Susan is also new co-author—with Ann Raimes—of the KEYS FOR WRITING family of handbooks (Cengage Learning).

Rochelle L. Rodrigo

Rochelle (Shelley) Rodrigo is Assistant Professor of Rhetoric & (New) Media at Old Dominion University. She was a full time faculty member for nine years in English and film studies at Mesa Community College in Arizona. Shelley researches how "newer" technologies better facilitate communicative interactions, more specifically teaching and learning. As well as co-authoring THE WADSWORTH GUIDE TO RESEARCH, Shelley was also co-editor of Rhetorically Rethinking Usability (Hampton Press). Her work has also appeared in Computers and Composition, Teaching English in the Two-Year College, EDUCAUSE Quarterly, Journal of Advancing Technology, Flow¸ as well as various edited collections.

Table of Contents

Part I: PREPARING FOR RESEARCH.
1. Why Research?
Recognizing Research Contexts. Reflect: How Have You Conducted Research Before? Identifying Research Purposes. Reflect: How Do Research Processes Compare? Considering Elements of the Rhetorical Situation. Reflect: How Do Rhetorical Situations Compare? Entering a Conversation. Techno Tip: Listen to Conversations in Progress.
2. Research and Writing Processes.
Processes and Rhetorical Situations. Myths about Writing and Research Processes. Writing Processes. Foundations in Classical Rhetoric. Invention. Researching. Drafting. Reflect: How Do You Write Best? Peer Review. Techno Tip: Conduct Peer Reviews. Revising. Editing. Techno Tip: Read Your Writing Out Loud Proofreading. Reflect: What Are Your Writing Idiosyncrasies? Publishing. Research Processes. Disciplinary Approaches. Write: Discover Disciplinary Patterns and Conventions.
3. Identifying a Topic.
Analyzing the Writing Situation. Taking Advantage of Kairos. Write: Identify Kairos. Considering the Rhetorical Situation. Write: Analyze the Rhetorical Situation. Generating Topics. Write: What's Important to You? Write: Generate Topic Ideas. Write: Consider Audience and Purpose.
Techno Tip: Use Technology to Explore What You Already Know. Exploring and Narrowing a Potential Topic. Techno Tip: Use the Internet to Explore a Possible Topic. Reflect: How Can I Make a Topic Manageable? Write: Focus Your Research Topic. Developing a Research Question.
Write: Write a Research Question. Situating the Writer in the Research. Reflect: What Is the Writer's Place in the Rhetorical Situation? Your Knowledge of Your Topic. Write: Take an Inventory of What You Know. Research in Progress: Writing a Research Proposal. The Assignment. Features of a Research Proposal. Staring Your Research Proposal. Examples of Research Proposals.
Example 1: Tsz Lee "Can I Have a Clone?" Example 2: Megan Trevizo, "Is Breast Always Best?"
Part II: CONDUCTING RESEARCH.
4. Finding Resources through Secondary Research. Conducting Research. Identifying the Information You Need to Find. Primary and Secondary Research. Conducting Primary or Secondary Research. Reflect: Should You Conduct Primary or Secondary Research? Locating Resources. Specific Search Terms. Internet Search Engines. Expanding and Focusing Search Terms. Write: List Alternative Key Terms. Write: Develop a List of Search Terms. Search Engines and Web Directories. Techno Tip: Refine Your Search Results. Types of Resources. How Texts Change over Time. How Texts Are Reviewed. Library Resources vs. Internet Resources. Techno Tip: Edit and Review the History of a Wikipedia Page. Static Resources. Books. Write: Search the Library Catalog. Websites. Audio and Video Files. Microfilm and Microfiche. Syndicated Resources. Periodicals. Write: Search for Resources in Periodicals. Podcasts. Blogs and RSS Feeds.
Techno Tip: Set up RSS Feeds. Dynamic Resources. Email Lists and Newsgroups. Social Networking Sites. Online Communities. Wikis. Write: Search for a Variety of Resources. Developing a Research Plan. Reflect: What's Your Plan?
5. Conducting Primary Research. Observations. Including Observation in Your Research Plan. Conducting an Observation. Write: Practice Observing Your Subject. Techno Tip: Record Your Observation. Interviews. Including Interviews in Your Research Plan. Conducting an Interview. Write: Draft Interview Questions. Techno Tip: Conduct Interviews Online. Surveys. Including a Survey in Your Research Plan. Conducting a Survey. Write: Draft Survey Questions. Reflect: Is the Survey Valid and Reliable? Distributing Surveys and Collecting Responses. Techno Tip: Consider Online Survey Services. Ethical Considerations. Techno Tip: Gather Data Online. Interpretation of Data. Analyzing Quantitative Data. Analyzing Qualitative Data. Presenting the Results of Primary Research. Write: Decide What Type of Primary Data to Collect. Reflect: What Does Your Research Plan Look Like Now?
6. Reading Resources Rhetorically.
Rhetorical Reading. Reflect: Are You Reading Purposefully or Rhetorically? Write: Choose Resources to Read. Considering Context. Write: Situate a Resource Rhetorically. Annotating Resources. Write: Annotate a Resource. Techno Tip: Search Electronic Documents.
Summarizing. Reflect: How Do You Write a Summary? Write: Summarize One of Your Resources. Paraphrasing. Write: Paraphrase One of Your Resources. Selecting Potential Quotations. Write: Take Detailed Notes on a Resource. Starting to Evaluate Your Resources. 7. Tracking and Evaluating Data.
Verify. Copy. Techno Tip: Register with a Social Bookmarking Application. Write: Track Bibliographic Information. Techno Tip: Track Bibliographic Information Online. Evaluating Credibility. Respond. Evaluating Validity. Write: Evaluate Validity. Fill the Gaps. Write: Trace a Line of Research. Write: Make Cover Sheets.
8. Understanding Plagiarism and Integrating Resources.
Copyright. Fair Use. Ideas Versus Words. Plagiarism. Blatant Plagiarism. Careless Plagiarism. Integration of Resources into Your Argument. Introduction of the Source. Write: Introduce Secondary Resources. Incorporation of the Data. Quotations from Resources. Summarizing and Paraphrasing Revisited. Interpreting the Resource. Documenting the Resource. What to Cite. How to Cite. Write: Decide Which Citation Style to Use. In-Text Citations. Write: Practice In-Text Citations. Full Bibliographic Citations. Techno Tip: Use the Online Resource Center to Check Your Citations Research in Progress: Writing a Review of Research.The Assignment. Features of Reviews of Research. Starting Your Review of Research. Examples of Reviews of Research. Example 1: Tsz Lee, Should All Forms of Human Cloning Be Banned? Example 2: John Lewis, Will Distance Learning Replace Traditional Instruction?
Part III: REPORTING ON RESEARCH.
9. Constructing an Argument.
Reporting vs. Arguing. Reflect: Is It Reporting orArguing? Write: Define the Rhetorical Situation. Responding to the Research Question. Write: Create a Cluster Map. Developing a Thesis. Write: Draft a Thesis Statement. Using Qualifiers. Reflect: Can You Recognize Qualifiers? Supporting an Argument. Ethos, Pathos, and Logos. Ethos. Write: Develop Your Authorial Ethos. Pathos. Write: Develop Emotional Arguments. Logos. Offering Evidence. Determining Warrants. Write: Understand Your Warrants. Providing Counterarguments. Including Rebuttals. Write: Develop Rebuttals. Write: Construct an Argument.
10. Selecting and Incorporating Evidence.
Developing Project-Specific Evaluation Criteria. Audience and Purpose. Reflect: Are You Addressing Your Audience's Wants and Needs? Timeliness, Relevance, and Other Criteria. Write: Develop Evaluative Criteria. Resources as Evidence. Write: Evaluate Types of Resources.
Matching Reasons with Evidence. Write: Draw a Cluster Map. Techno Tip: Create Clusters on the Computer. Write: Find Additional Resources.
11. Sharing the Results.
Arrangement of Your Argument. Common Argument Patterns. Evaluation.
Comparison and Contrast. Definition. Proposal. Cause and Effect. Common Presentational Patterns. Least Important to Most Important. Most Important to Least Important. Chronological Organization. Write: Develop an Outline. Introductions and Conclusions. Reflect: Are You Grabbing Your Audience's Attention and Motivating Them to Action? Write: Draft an Effective Introduction. Write: Develop Closure. Write: Identify Possible Frames. Putting Everything Together.
Write: Draft Your Final Argument. Techno Tip: Use Document-Sharing Technologies. Methods of Delivery. Academic Essays. Alternative Modes of Delivery. Techno Tip: Develop Your Presentation. Write: Decide Which Presentation Mode Is Appropriate. Research in Progress: Writing a Researched Argument. The Assignment. Features of a Researched Argument. Your Researched Argument. Examples of Researched Arguments. Example 1: Tsz Lee, Therapeutic Cloning: A Significant Promise for Future Success in the United States. Example 2: Kelesia Bomar, Lowering the Voting Age in Arizona.
Part IV: FORMATTING YOUR RESEARCH.
12. MLA Citation Style Guidelines.
Paper Formatting. Title Page. Spacing and Margins. Headers and Page Numbers. Section Headings. Visuals. Tables. Figures. Citation Guidelines. In-Text Citations. Quotations and Paraphrases. Long Quotations. Summaries and Multiple Resources. MLA in-Text Citation Nuts and Bolts. Write: Practice In-Text Citations. Full Bibliographic Citations. Techno Tip: Format a Document in MLA Style. MLA Citation Examples. Static Resources.Syndicated Resources. Dynamic Resources. Static Resources. Write: Practice Full Bibliographic Citations for Static Resources. Syndicated Resources. Write: Practice Full Bibliographic Citations for Syndicated Resources. Write: Practice a Full Bibliographic Citation for Streamed Resources. Dynamic Resources. MLA Style: Some Common Errors.
13. APA Citation Style Guidelines.
Paper Formatting. Title Page. Spacing and Margins. Headers and Page Numbers. Section Headings. Visuals. Tables. Figures. Citation Guidelines. In-Text Citations. Quotations and Paraphrases. Long Quotations. Summaries and Multiple Resources. In-Text Citation Nuts and Bolts. Write: Practice In-Text Citations. Full Bibliographic Citations. Techno Tip: Format a Document in APA Style. APA Citation Examples. Static Resources. Syndicated Resources. Dynamic Resources. Static Resources. Write: Practice Full Bibliographic Citations for Static Resources. Syndicated Resources. Write: Practice Full Bibliographic Citations for Syndicated Resources. Write: Practice a Full Bibliographic Citation for Streamed Resources. Dynamic Resources. APA Style: Some Common Errors.
14. CMS Citation Style Guidelines.
Paper Formatting. Title Page. Spacing and Margins. Headers and Page Numbers. Section Headings. Visuals. Tables. Figures. Citation Guidelines. In-Text Citations. Quotations and Paraphrases. Long Quotations. Summaries and Multiple Resources. In-Text Citation Nuts and Bolts. Write: Practice In-Text Citations. Full Bibliographic Citations. Techno Tip: Format a Document in CMS Style. CMA Citation Examples. Static Resources. Syndicated Resources. Dynamic Resources. Static Resources. Write: Practice Full Bibliographic Citations for Static Resources. Syndicated Resources. Write: Practice Full Bibliographic Citations for Syndicated Resources. Write: Practice a Full Bibliographic Citation for Streamed Resources. Dynamic Resources. CMS Style: Some Common Errors.
15. CSE Citation Style Guidelines.
Paper Formatting. Title Page. Spacing and Margins. Headers and Page Numbers. Section Headings. Citation Guidelines. In-Text Citations. Name-Year In-Text Citation Method. Citation-Sequence In-Text Citation Method. Citation-Name In-Text Citation Method. Long Quotations. Summaries and Multiple Resources. Write: Practice In-Text Citations. Full Bibliographic Citations. CSE Citation Examples. Static Resources. Syndicated Resources. Dynamic Resources. Techno Tip: Formatting a Document in APA Style. Static Resources. Syndicated Resources. Dynamic Resources.CSE Style: Some Common Errors.
Appendix.
Invention Activities. Brainstorming or Listing. Using Brainstorming or Listing in Your Research Process. Journaling. Using Journaling in Your Research Process. Freewriting. Using Freewriting in Your Research Process. Looping. Using Looping in Your Research Process. Cluster Mapping. Using Cluster Mapping in Your Research Process. Outlining. Using Outlining in Your Research Process. Asking Journalistic Questions. Using Journalistic Questions in Your Research Process.

Features

  • Focus on the rhetorical situation. Unique to THE WADSWORTH GUIDE TO RESEARCH, discussion of the rhetorical situation is found throughout the text. Chapters 2 and 9 focus on the importance of the rhetorical situation and the key role of argument in a successful research paper.
  • Student-friendly examples. Research in Action scenarios give students examples of how the principles in each chapter might work in a rhetorical context. These scenarios can act as discussion starters and are a great starting point for student analysis of the context of research.
  • Fully integrated technology. Techno Tip boxes throughout the text offer suggestions and instructions for the integration of various technological tools into research. The book's online Resource Center features Interactive Techno Tip tutorials and a unique citation sample database that students can tag for their own needs.
  • Samples of student work at each research stage. Research in Progress sections, found at the end of each part, explain the three key research assignments assigned by instructors -- the research proposal, the annotated bibliography or research summary, and the final research paper -- via annotated student samples.
  • Activity boxes. The Write and Reflect activity boxes found throughout the text help students at various stages of the writing process. The Write boxes walk students through the steps of writing about and drafting a report of their research by breaking the research process down into manageable pieces for them to tackle one at a time. The Reflect activity boxes ask students to explore aspects of the rhetorical situation of their own research project.

Online Resources

CengageNOW 2-Semester Instant Access Code for Writing
ISBN-10: 1413032168 |  ISBN-13: 9781413032161
This powerful and assignable online teaching and learning system contains diagnostic quizzing and multimedia tutorials that work with students to build personalized study strategies and help them master the basic concepts of writing. It features reliable solutions for delivering course content and assignments along with time-saving ways to grade and provide feedback. CengageNOW provides one-click-away results: the most common reporting tasks that you perform everyday are just one click away while you are working in the CengageNOW gradebook. For students, CengageNOW provides a diagnostic self-assessment and Personalized Study Plan, enabling them to focus on what they need to learn and guiding them in selecting activities that best match their learning styles. Access to Personal Tutor, an easy-access online environment with one-on-one tutoring and on-demand assignment help from experienced tutors, is included with CengageNOW for Writing. Visit academic.cengage.com/now to view a demonstration.

English 21 Handbooks Instant Access Code
ISBN-10: 0495799378 |  ISBN-13: 9780495799375
More than just the largest compilation of online resources ever organized for composition and literature courses, English21 supports students through every step of the writing process, from assignment to final draft. English21 includes carefully crafted multimedia assignments; a collection of essays that amounts to a full-sized thematic reader; a fully interactive handbook including hundreds of animations, exercises, and activities; a complete research guide with animated tutorials and a link to Gale's InfoTrac® database; and a rich multimedia library with hand-selected images, audio clips, video clips, stories, poems and plays. English21 weaves robust, self-paced instruction with interactive assignments to engage students as they become better prepared and successful writers. Learn more at academic.cengage.com/english21.

English 21 Plus Instant Access Code
ISBN-10: 0495799394 |  ISBN-13: 9780495799399
Succeed in your English class with the largest compilation of online resources ever organized for composition and literature courses, English21 is a complete online support system that weaves robust, self-paced instruction with interactive assignments. English21 supports you through every step of the writing process, from assignment to final draft. English21 includes carefully crafted multimedia assignments; a collection of essays that amounts to a full-sized thematic reader; a full interactive handbook including hundreds of animations, exercises, and activities; a complete research guide with animated tutorials and a link to the InfoTrac database; and a rich multimedia library with hand-selected images, audio clips, video clips, stories, poems and plays.

English 21: Methods of Development, InfoTrac®, Personal Tutor English 2-Semester Instant Access Code
ISBN-10: 1413031994 |  ISBN-13: 9781413031997
More than just the largest compilation of online resources ever organized for composition and literature courses, English21 supports students through every step of the writing process, from assignment to final draft. English21 includes carefully crafted multimedia assignments; a collection of essays that amounts to a full-sized thematic reader; a full interactive handbook including hundreds of animations, exercises, and activities; a complete research guide with animated tutorials and a link to Gale's InfoTrac® database; and a rich multimedia library with hand-selected images, audio clips, video clips, stories, poems and plays. English21 weaves robust, self-paced instruction with interactive assignments to engage students as they become better prepared and successful writers. Learn more at academic.cengage.com/english21.

Resource Center Instant Access Code
ISBN-10: 1428290249 |  ISBN-13: 9781428290242
The Online Resource Center for THE WADSWORTH GUIDE TO RESEARCH helps your students prepare for class more effectively using MLA and APA citation examples, video activities, “Techno Tip” interactive tutorials, annotated student samples, and online versions of the “Reflect” and “Writing” features. Instructor specific material also is available, including activity options and suggestions for teaching using THE WADSWORTH GUIDE TO RESEARCH.

Resource Center with Cengage Learning eBook Instant Access Code
ISBN-10: 1413030335 |  ISBN-13: 9781413030334
The Online Resource Center for THE WADSWORTH GUIDE TO RESEARCH helps your students prepare for class more effectively using MLA and APA citation examples, video activities, Techno Tip interactive tutorials, annotated student samples, and online versions of the Reflect and Writing features. Instructor specific material also is available, including activity options and suggestions for teaching using the THE WADSWORTH GUIDE TO RESEARCH.

Supplements

Instructor Resources 

InSite Student Guide
ISBN-10: 1413009190 |  ISBN-13: 9781413009194
This online writing and research tool includes electronic peer review, an originality checker, an assignment library, help with common grammar and writing errors, and access to InfoTrac® College Edition. Portfolio management gives you the ability to grade papers, run originality reports, and offer feedback in an easy-to-use online course management system. Using InSite's peer review feature, students can easily review and respond to their classmates' work. Other features include fully integrated discussion boards, streamlined assignment creation, and more. To view a demonstration visit academic.cengage.com/insite.

InfoTrac® College Edition Printed Access Card
ISBN-10: 0534558534 |  ISBN-13: 9780534558536
This online research and learning center offers over 20 million full-text articles from nearly 6,000 scholarly and popular periodicals. The articles cover a broad spectrum of disciplines and topics--ideal for every type of researcher. Learn more at www.cengage.com/infotrac. (Access code/card required).

Instructor's Edition
ISBN-10: 1413030343 |  ISBN-13: 9781413030341

Turnitin™ User Guide 1-Semester Printed Access Card
ISBN-10: 1413030181 |  ISBN-13: 9781413030181
This proven, online plagiarism-prevention software promotes fairness in the classroom by helping students learn to correctly cite sources and allowing instructors to check for originality before reading and grading papers. (Access code/card required).

Student Resources 

InSite Student Guide
ISBN-10: 1413009190 |  ISBN-13: 9781413009194
This online writing and research tool includes electronic peer review, an originality checker, an assignment library, help with common grammar and writing errors, and access to InfoTrac® College Edition. Portfolio management gives you the ability to grade papers, run originality reports, and offer feedback in an easy-to-use online course management system. Using InSite's peer review feature, students can easily review and respond to their classmates' work. Other features include fully integrated discussion boards, streamlined assignment creation, and more. To view a demonstration visit academic.cengage.com/insite.

InfoTrac® College Edition Printed Access Card
ISBN-10: 0534558534 |  ISBN-13: 9780534558536
This online research and learning center offers over 20 million full-text articles from nearly 6,000 scholarly and popular periodicals. The articles cover a broad spectrum of disciplines and topics--ideal for every type of researcher. Learn more at www.cengage.com/infotrac. (Access code/card required).

Turnitin™ User Guide 1-Semester Printed Access Card
ISBN-10: 1413030181 |  ISBN-13: 9781413030181
This proven, online plagiarism-prevention software promotes fairness in the classroom by helping students learn to correctly cite sources and allowing instructors to check for originality before reading and grading papers. (Access code/card required).